Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things (1904)

Adam Green - September 27, 2016 in japan, japanese folklore, Lafcadio Hearn

Deriving its title from the word for "ghost story" in Japanese this is a book by scholar and translator Lafcadio Hearn in which are compiled an array of ghost stories hailing from Japan.

Primeira reunião do Fórum de Gestão Compartilhada do Plano Municipal de Governo Aberto (OGP São Paulo)

ariel-kogan - September 27, 2016 in Destaque, governo aberto

sao-paulo-1152822_1280 Na terça-feira (20/09), a Open Knowledge Brasil (OKBr) participou da primeira reunião do Fórum de Gestão Compartilhada do Plano Municipal de Governo Aberto – que vai elaborar e acompanhar o Plano de Ação em Governo Aberto da cidade de São Paulo. No início do mês, a organização foi eleita como uma das representantes do Fórum de Gestão Compartilhada do Plano Municipal de Governo Aberto para acompanhar a formulação, implementação e avaliação do plano de São Paulo no marco da OGP. Também fazem parte do Fórum: RETPS, Movimento Popular de Saúde, WRI Brasil, Laboratório Brasil de Cultura Digital, Transparência Brasil, Liga Solidária. Acreditamos na importância da sociedade acompanhar de perto o trabalho e resultados obtidos no âmbito desse espaço de participação. Por isso, vamos compartilhar as informações e novidades de cada um dos encontros. A última terça-feira, teve os seguintes itens na pauta:
  • Apresentação das entidades participantes;

  • Apresentação Institucional São Paulo Aberta e Controladoria Geral do Município;

  • Planos Municipais de Governo Aberto: Delineamentos OGP;

  • Encaminhamentos gerais.

< p>Confira a ata da reunião do dia 20/09 e a apresentação institucional da São Paulo Aberta, compartilhadas após o encontro. O próximo encontro vai acontecer no dia 29/09. Flattr this!

5 Jahre FragDenStaat, 10 Jahre IFG, 250 Jahre Informationsfreiheit

Open Knowledge Foundation Deutschland - September 26, 2016 in Uncategorized

FragDenStaat hat Geburtstag! FragDenStaat wird 5! Wir wollen mit euch feiern: Am 27. September um 19 Uhr bei Correctiv in Berlin. Die Veranstaltung wird auch im Livestream bei Facebook übertragen.

New © reform proposal: we need to get a better copyright for education

Javiera Atenas - September 23, 2016 in communication, copyright, Featured, oer

In this new post, Lisette Kalshoven presents an interesting overview on the current issues of the copyright reform.   Open Education and copyright reform advocates are in this together: we both aim to give educators the flexibility to improve on the teaching materials they use, increasing access to quality education for to those who don’t necessarily have the funds, and to give teachers the ability to enjoy the advantages of modern technology without breaking the law. As Alek Tarkowski wrote last year: we are two sides of the same coin. COMMUNIA, which advocates for policies that expand the public domain and increase access to and reuse of culture and knowledge, asked copyright policy experts from civil society organisations like Wikimedia and Creative Commons on why the current copyright reform needs our input:
Copyright Reform: Unlocking copyright for users?

Copyright Reform: Unlocking copyright for users?

My side of the coin, the one arguing for copyright reform for education, has gotten some interesting news. Last Wednesday the European Commission presented its plan for a copyright reform. While the legislative process is far from over, what is in this proposal is worrying and can affect the daily practice of educators across the EU.

What the problem is with copyright for education now

The Commission is proposing changes to the EU copyright framework because it is outdated. The last major change to the copyright law is from 2001. In the years following the directive Member States implemented the directive specifically to their jurisdictions, creating a patchwork of different laws across the EU, including the possible implementation of an exception for education. While most member states implemented the optional education exception (see the CopyrightExceptions.eu databse) it does not mean we can easily share teaching materials across borders, as all implementations vary. There are some pretty outrageous things that teachers cannot do, for example: Finnish copyright law has no exceptions for creating derivative works in education. So creating translations from foreign language news sites is not allowed. The 2001 implementations of the education exception often left European educators with a pre-digital copyright. The EC heard our call for a more harmonised and modern copyright for education and proposed changes. Unfortunately, they are making it even more untransparent for educators what they can do legally.  
Copyright exceptions

Copyright exceptions

What is in the proposal

In short (and you can read more about it here) the Commission is choosing to not harmonise the existing exception we have in Europe, but adding a new mandatory exception:
  • It only applies to digital resources and online environments, leaving unharmonized most of the face-to-face teaching activities, and also distance learning activities that are developed offline;
  • It only benefits educational establishments, which means that online and digital uses made by teachers and students not affiliated with educational establishments will not be exempted;
  • In the classroom it only covers digital uses (e.g. whiteboards), and the online uses covered can only be made under the closed networks run by the educational establishments (e.g. intranet). Online uses in the open internet, namely uses of protected works in OERs and in MOOCs, will not be covered by the exception.
How the ‘old’ exception and this proposed new one will interact is unclear and will likely be confusing for teachers. As a last note, which is in my opinion the most worrying about the Commission’s proposal for education: the override of the exception if an ‘adequate’ license exists. This is a rule that in practice makes the exception powerless as a tool for supporting education. In short, this proposal is simply not good enough to support education in Europe. We need a better copyright reform for education.

What we are doing to help to keep copyright out of the classroom

As COMMUNIA we are launching a project called Copyright Reform for Education. In this project we are doing legal research to understand current exceptions better; we are asking innovative teachers about modern teaching methods – making sure we understand what a new copyright for education should account for; we are also raising awareness as much as we can, by likely doing a public campaign in the Spring of next year. We are aiming at bringing stakeholders in European education together, advocating for an effective change it copyright. Why? To make sure teachers can focus on what they are good at: teaching.   

Don’t be a stranger

If you would like to know more about why copyright reform is important for educators across Europe and beyond: please have a look at the COMMUNIA Copyright Untangled series on Medium. If you are curious on the legislative process and what is happening in Brussels around copyright that affects you: please follow the COMMUNIA blog and/or on Facebook and Twitter.
If you have questions about the Copyright Reform for Education project, please contact me at lk@kl.nl. We are curious about your thoughts on the matter. If you would like to receive (sporadic) updates about the project, please also drop me a line. We will make sure you are in the loop.About the author lissete3-822x1233Lisette Kalshoven is copyright policy advisor at Kennisland and COMMUNIA in the areas of copyright, heritage and open education. She combines writing policy documents with practical interventions and training sessions for professionals. Creating access to information is always the reference point in her work. https://www.kl.nl/en/people/lisette-kalshoven/ 

Nya Open Knowledge-filialer lanseras i Sverige och Japan!

Mattias Axell - September 23, 2016 in chapter, CLARITY, Filial, japan, meta, Open Data Day, Pavel Richter, pressmeddelande, Serdar Temiz, Sverige

Denna månad lanseras två nya filialer i Open Knowledge Network, en filial i Sverige och en filial i Japan. Filialer är Open Knowledge-nätverkets mest utvecklade form, som har rättsligt oberoende från organisationen och är anslutna genom ett samförståndsavtal. För en fullständig lista över Open Knowledge-nätverkets nuvarande kapitel, se här och lär dig mer om deras struktur genom att besöka nätverksriktlinjer.
Open Knowledge Sverige, är den nya filialen i det land som införde den första lagstiftningen om informationsfrihet genom Offentlighetsprincipen och Tryckfrihetsförordningen 1766. Filialen är fortfarande aktiv i att främja Offentlighetsprincipen genom sin plattform FrågaStaten.se och är mycket aktiv i engagera människor i att hacka kulturarvet vid Hack4Heritage. De är för närvarande en del av EU-finansierade projektet: CLARITY – Open eGovernment Services. Filialen har precis lanserat OKawards.org som kommer att vara den första prisutdelningen i regionen som ger erkännande och pris till de som bidrar till att öppna kunskap och data, från den offentliga, civila och den privata sektorn. Detta är det andra kapitlet i de nordiska länderna, och följer därmed sina grannar i Finland som också delar lagstiftningen om informationsfrihet sen 1766.
okse, Open Data Day, okfn.se

Deltagare under Open Data Day 2016 i Sverige. Credit: http://se.okfn.org

Open Knowledge Japan är en av de äldsta nätverksgrupperna. Sen starten 2012 har gruppen gjort en hel del arbete för att främja öppna data i offentlig sektor. Filialen leder också utvecklingen på öppna data idag i Japan, med mer än 60 lokala evenemang runt om i landet. Detta är den första Open Knowledge-filialen i Östasien.

Lanseringen av dessa nya fililaler betonar vikten av öppenhet i Östasien och de nordiska länderna

Ordförande för Open Knowledge Sverige, Serdar Temiz, sade: “Vi är glada att vara en närmare del av changemaker-nätverket i Open Knowledge. Att vara en filial av Open Knowledge Network är ett stort nöje och ett privilegium. Vi är glada över att vara en del av en organisation som ligger i framkant av Open Knowledge-rörelsen. Det är mycket motiverande för oss att inom 2 år av vår första period, bli erkända av OKI för våra insatser i Open Knolwedge-gemenskapen och vi kan bli en av de få officiella filialerna“.
okfn.jp, Open Data Day 2016,

En av de många evenemang i Japan under Open Data Day. Credit: okfn.jp

På samma sätt sa Masahiko Shoji, chef för Open Knowledge Japan, att Open Knowledge Japan har varit ledande i öppna data-användning och öppen kunskap rörelse i Japan i samarbete med 21 experter och tio företag. “Vi är mycket glada över att bli en filial av Open Knowledge International och dela denna glädje med de aktiva öppna data-gemenskaper i Japan. Vi vill gå vidare med andra asiatiska Open Knowledge-gemenskaper och vänner runt om i världen. Lanseringen av dessa nya kapitel betonar vikten av öppenhet i Östasien och de nordiska länderna“, sade Pavel Richter, VD för Open Knowledge International. Dessa kapitel är ett uttryck för kontinuerligt engagemang av frivilliga runt om i världen för att arbeta för mer öppna och ansvarsfulla samhällen. Vi ser fram emot att följa deras arbete och stödja deras ansträngningar i framtiden. Open Knowledge Internationals globala nätverk omfattar nu grupper i över 40 länder, från Skottland till Kamerun, Kina till Tjeckien. Elva av dessa grupper är nu anslutna som filialer. Detta handlingskrafiga nätverk av dedicerade civila aktivister, öppenhetsspecialister och datagrävare är hjärtat av Open Knowledge Internationals uppdrag, och i spetsen av rörelsen för öppenhet.

Opium Destruction, San Francisco (1914)

Adam Green - September 22, 2016 in burning, drugs, fire, narcotics, opium, san fransisco

In the shadow of an unfinished City Hall, still clad in scaffolding, government authorities destroy confiscated opium in downtown San Fransisco, 1914.

Opium Destruction, San Francisco (1914)

Adam Green - September 22, 2016 in burning, drugs, fire, narcotics, opium, san fransisco

In the shadow of an unfinished City Hall, still clad in scaffolding, government authorities destroy confiscated opium in downtown San Fransisco, 1914.

Open Knowledge Brasil e FGV-DAPP fecham parceria para lançar Índice de Dados Abertos no país

ariel-kogan - September 22, 2016 in Dados Abertos, Open Data Index

open-data-index-home Em setembro, a Open Knowledge Brasil e a Diretoria de Análise de Políticas Públicas da Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV-DAPP) fecharam parceria para construir o Índice de Dados Abertos (Open Data Index) no Brasil. Esse índice é uma iniciativa da sociedade civil que busca realizar o mapeamento do estado dos dados abertos em diversos países (e cidades) ao redor do mundo. A parceria entre a OKBr e a FGV-DAPP tem o objetivo de aprimorar o indicador e aproximá-lo ainda mais da realidade brasileira, tanto no nível federal quanto municipal. O Índice de Dados Abertos vem sendo utilizado por governos como uma ferramenta para estabelecer suas prioridades em relação às políticas de transparência e dados abertos e por atores da sociedade civil como um mecanismo de pressão para encorajar governos a melhorarem suas performances, liberando conjuntos de dados essenciais. O Índice permite construir um ranking dos países (ou cidades) com base na disponibilidade e acessibilidade dos dados em 13 categorias essenciais, incluindo gastos governamentais, resultados das eleições, compras públicas, níveis de poluição, dados de qualidade da água, posse de terras, dados do clima, entre outros. O trabalho é conduzido pela Open Knowledge Internacional em colaboração com uma rede global de especialistas e colaboradores. No processo, membros de organizações públicas, da sociedade civil e especialistas em dados abertos avaliam a disponibilidade e a acessibilidade dos conjuntos de dados definidos em diversos lugares ao redor do mundo. Suas submissões são revisadas por pares e verificadas por uma equipe local de especialistas e revisores de conjuntos de dados. Os pontos são atribuídos de acordo com as conclusões desse processo que passará a ser realizado no Brasil em parceria pela OKBr e a FGV-DAPP a partir deste ano. O principal objetivo da parceria é dar visibilidade ao estado dos dados abertos no governo federal e nas capitais que fazem parte da Open Government Partnership (OGP) subnacional. Além disso, busca principalmente provocar mudanças e avanços nas políticas de transparência e abertura de dados dos governos. Sobre as organizações realizadoras:
  • A Open Knowledge Internacional (OKI), fundada em 2004, é uma rede mundial de pessoas que são apaixonadas pela abertura de dados, usando advocacy, tecnologia e treinamento para desbloquear informações e transformá-las em conhecimento e mudança. O objetivo é dar a todos o poder de utilizar informações e ideias para sempre.

  • A Open Knowledge Brasil, fundada no final de 2013, é uma organização nacional apartidária, sem fins lucrativos, que utiliza e desenvolve ferramentas cívicas, faz análises de políticas públicas, trabalha com jornalismo de dados e promove o conhecimento livre para tornar a relação entre governo e sociedade mais transparente e para que haja uma participação política mais efetiva e aberta. Representa a Open Knowledge Internacional no país.

  • A Diretoria de Análise de Políticas Públicas da FGV é um centro de pesquisa social aplicada voltado à inovação na gestão pública. Criada em 2012, a unidade localizada no Rio de Janeiro desenvolve projetos e ferramentas nas áreas de transparência orçamentária, análise de redes sociais, transparência política, segurança pública e estrutura do Estado brasileiro. É formada por uma equipe interdisciplinar que reúne as áreas de Sociologia, Ciência Política, Economia, Matemática, Estatística, Design e Tecnologia da Informação.

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Spotlight on tax evasion: Connecting with citizens and activists working on tax justice campaigns across Africa

Stephen Abbott Pugh - September 22, 2016 in OD4TJ

Open Knowledge International is coordinating the Open Data for Tax Justice project in partnership with the Tax Justice Network to create a global network of people and organisations using open data to inform local and global efforts around tax justice. Tax evasion, corruption and illicit financial flows rob countries around the world of billions in revenue which could be spent on improving life for citizens. That much can be agreed. But how many billions are lost, who is responsible and which countries are worst affected? Those are difficult questions to answer given the lack of transparency and public disclosure in many tax jurisdictions. The consensus is that it is the economies of the world’s poorest countries which are proportionally most affected by this revenue loss, with African governments estimated to be losing between $30 billion and $60 billion a year to tax evasion or illicit financial flows, according to a 2015 report commissioned by the African Union and United Nations. International bodies have been slow to produce solutions which fight for the equitable sharing of tax revenues with lobbying leading to a retrenchment of proposed transparency measures and scuppering efforts to create a global tax body under the auspices of the UN. tax-justice-pablo More transparency and public information is needed to understand the true extent of these issues. To that end, Open Knowledge International is coordinating the Open Data for Tax Justice project with the Tax Justice Network to create a global network of people and organisations using open data to improve advocacy, journalism and public policy around tax justice. And last week, I joined the third iteration of the International Tax Justice Academy, organised by the Tax Justice Network – Africa, to connect with advocates working to shed light on these issues across Africa. The picture they painted over three days was bleak: Dr Dereje Alemayehu laid out how the views of African countries had been marginalised or ignored in international tax negotiations due in part to a lack of strong regional power blocs; Jane Nalunga of SEATINI-Uganda bemoaned politicians who continue to “talk left, walk right” when it comes to taking action on cracking down on corrupt or illicit practices; and Professor Patrick Bond of South Africa’s Witwatersrand School of Governance foresaw a rise in violent economic protests across Africa as people become more and more aware of how their natural capital is being eroded. Several speakers said that an absence of data, low public awareness, lack of political will and poor national or regional coordination all hampered efforts to generate action on illicit financial flows in countries across Africa. Everyone agreed that these debates are not helped by the opacity of key tax terms like transfer pricing, country-by-country reporting and beneficial ownership.

“…an absence of data, low public awareness, lack of political will and poor national or regional coordination all hampered efforts to generate action on illicit financial flows”

The governments of South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya and Tanzania may have all publicly pledged measures like creating beneficial ownership registers to stop individuals hiding their wealth or activities behind anonymous company structures. But at the same time a key concern of those attending the academy was the closing of civic space in many countries across the continent making it harder for them to carry out their work and investigate such activities. Michael Otieno of the Tax Justice Network – Africa told delegates that they should set the advocacy agenda around tax to ensure that human rights and development issues could be understood by the public in the context of how taxes are collected, allocated and spent. He encouraged all those present to combine forces by adding their voices to the Stop the Bleeding campaign to end illicit financial flows from Africa. Through our Open Data for Tax Justice project, Open Knowledge International will be looking to incorporate the views of more civil society groups, advocates and public policy makers like those at the tax justice academy into our work. If you would like to join us or learn more about the project, please email contact@datafortaxjustice.net.

Avoin kansalaistiede kutsuu osallistumaan

heidiklaine - September 22, 2016 in avoin tieto, event, Featured, joukkoistaminen, kansalaisvaikuttaminen, Open Science, yhteiskirjoitus

Photo by Evan Kirby CC0

Photo by Evan Kirby CC0

Pulinat pois ja hihat heilumaan? Skrollaa suoraan postauksen loppuun osallistumislinkkeihin. Muussa tapauksessa lue ensin alta mistä avoimessa kansalaistieteessä on kyse. Pullea myyrähahmo lyllertää kuilun yli hataraa siltaa pitkin. Jos pelaaja ei kirjoita sillassa näkyviä sanoja tarpeeksi nopeasti ja tarkasti, myyrä suistuu kuiluun. Peli on koukuttava, eikä aivan helppo, sillä sillan sanat on kirjoitettu fraktuuralla ja myyrien vauhti kiihtyy pelin edetessä. Uskoisitko, että tämä on tiedettä? Edellä kuvattu Kansalliskirjaston Digitalkoot, jossa joukkoistamalla digitoitiin sanomalehtikirjaston aineistoa, päättyi vuonna 2012. Se on yksi onnistuneimpia suomalaisia kansalaistiedeprojekteja; yli 100 000 osallistujaa ja 8 miljoonaa suoritettua tehtävää. Kansalaistiede on parhaimmillaan juuri tätä: kekseliästä, hauskaa ja helppoa. Kuten vaikkapa Galaxy Zoo, jossa kuka tahansa pääsee luokittelemaan galaksien kuvia niiden muodon perusteella, tai EyeWire, peli jossa kartoitetaan aivojen neuroneja. Toiset hankkeet tarjoavat kansalaisille ajanvietettä jalompia vaikuttimia: Did you feel it? -palvelussa yhdysvaltalaiset voivat kertoa aistimistaan maan järähtelystä. Kerättyä dataa käytetään maanjäristystuhojen ennakoimiseen ja avun tehokkaaseen jakamiseen. Näitä hienoja hankkeita yhdistää se, että tieteen ja kansalaisten välinen suhde on ohimenevä ja yksisuuntainen. Massoille suunnatuissa helppokäyttöisissä palveluissa se onkin perusteltua. Kansalaistieteen tulevaisuus lupaa tiiviimpää kanssakäymistä: tieteen ja yhteiskunnan vuoropuhelua, jossa ajankohtaiset kansalaiskeskustelut vaikuttavat siihen mitä tutkitaan, yksilöt pääsevät vaikuttamaan itseään ja ympäristöään koskevan tiedon tuottamiseen ja entistä vähemmän tutkimustietoa jää tutkijankammioon keräämään pölyä.
Photo by Blake Wisz CC0

Photo by Blake Wisz CC0

Mobiiliteknologian kehitys ja avoimen tieteen kulttuurinmuutoksen edistysaskeleet tekevät entistä osallistavamman, keskustelevamman ja voimauttavamman kansalaistieteen mahdolliseksi. Vielä emme kuitenkaan elä avoimen kansalaistieteen aikakautta. Monet kansalaistiedehankkeet eivät täytä avoimen tieteen määritelmää, eli tutkimusprosessin vaiheiden oletusarvoista avoimuutta lainsäädännön ja etiikan puitteissa. Kansalaistiede tarvitsee oman, laajemman avoimen tieteen määritelmänsä. Tutkimusjulkaisujen (open access), tutkimusaineistojen (open data) ja menetelmien (open source) avoimuuden lisäksi avoimilla kansalaistiedehankkeilla on erityinen velvollisuus monipuoliseen vuorovaikutuksen yhteiskunnan kanssa. Syksyn 2016 aikana Open Knowledge Finlandin avoimen tieteen työryhmän toteuttama ja Avoin tiede ja tutkimus (ATT) -hankkeen rahoittama Avoin kansalaistiede -selvityshanke
  • kartoittaa kansalaistieteen suomalaiset sidosryhmät ja tutkimusinfrastruktuurit, sekä
  • tuottaa yhdessä sidosryhmien kanssa avoimen kansalaistieteen määritelmän ja tunnistaa tarvittavat toimenpiteet avoimen kansalaistieteen edistämiseksi Suomessa.
Selvityshanke tuotetaan kansalaistieteen hengessä joukkoistaen ja yhteistuottaen. NÄIN VOIT OSALLISTUA Seuraa hankkeen avointa Google Drive -tallennuskansiota > Maksamme korvauksen kansalaistiedeaiheisita mikroartikkeleista > Sidosryhmien kartoittamiseen voi osallistua yhteiskirjoitusmuistiossa ja Twitterssä #kansalaistiede > Toimenpidesuositusten esittely 23.11.2016 > Sidosryhmätyöpaja Heurekassa 3.11.2016 > Käännämme yhdessä European Citizen Science Association ECSAn kansalaistieteen periaatteitä täällä > Osallistu kirjallisuuskatsauksen yhteiskirjoittamiseen > Loppuraportin yhteiskirjoittaminen, lisätietoja tulossa projektisivulle > OTA YHTEYTTÄ Heidi Laine Projektipäällikkö, kirjallisuuskatsaus heidi.laine@okf.fi p. 040-513 95 93 Konsta Happonen Asiantuntija, tutkimusinfrastruktuurit konsta.happonen@okf.fi Raimo Muurinen Asiantuntija, verkostot raimo.muurinen@okf.fi The post Avoin kansalaistiede kutsuu osallistumaan appeared first on Open Knowledge Finland.