野菜は誰がどこまで加工すべきか

Masahiko Shoji - February 23, 2017 in 未分類

ファイル形式がcsvではあるけれども、データが正規化されていないということで内閣府が批判されている(詳細はこの記事の最下部からリンクしてある)。「こんなCSV読めるかばかやろう」「トンデモ」「ゴミ」「bad data」「ダメなcsv」といった表現が見受けられる。かなりひどい言われ方だ。 望ましい形式に対してまだまだ距離があるというのは確かにそうなんけれども、これを罵倒していたら、データを提供する側がより慎重になってものごとが進まなくなるだろうと私は考えている。また、新しいことをやりたくない行政職員に格好の「やらない理由」を提供することになってしまうだろう。 データの整形に人手がかかる、予算が要る、時間がかかる、優先順位を検討する必要がある、形式を決める必要がある…。そういって、「だから今はやらない」ということになるんじゃないだろうか。 最近はこの問題を野菜に例えて説明している。農家の人が「この場所にある野菜を自由に使っていいですよ」と言ってくれ始めたのが、今の状態。じつはもともと畑は共有地であるので、野菜をみんなが自由に使えるのはある意味当然なのだけれども、ともかく今まではそうではなかったので、使えるようになってとてもよかったと思う。 しかし、現状は使いたい人が自分で野菜を収穫しないといけないし、泥はついているし、形も不揃い。当然、カットされてもいない。 それに対して、キッチンで包丁を持って立っている料理人が、こんなもの料理に使えるかと怒っている。今すぐ料理に使えると思っていた人が怒るのは当然だろう。 でも、農家の人からすると、さいの目切りとかいちょう切りとか短冊切りとか言われても知らないし、どの野菜をどの切り方にすればいいのかわからない。そこまでしないと批判されるのなら、「野菜を使っていいですよ」というのもやめたくなるかもしれない。今後は6次産業化していく農家が増えるだろうし、消費者についての理解を深めることは生産にも役立つだろうから、農家が料理法を知るのはいいことではある。でも、それをいま知らないからといって激しく批判されるというのは、ちょっと可哀想だ。 いま必要なのは、農家と料理人の間に入って野菜を加工したり流通させたりする役割だろう。野菜を収穫して洗って、大きさ別に分けたりカットしたりして、料理人に使いやすくする人が必要だ。 ※この内容はもともと、私のFacebookへの投稿である。コメント欄ではさまざまな意見がとびかっており、私もなるべくコメントを返すようにしながら自分の意見を整理したり、勉強したりしている。このやり取りを踏まえて、後でどこかにさらに文章を書いてみようと思っている。

A slow, considered start to 2017

mattcen - February 22, 2017 in event, Melbourne

There have been a few changes happening over the past two years with the Open Knowledge Melbourne meetup. Some of the founding members have stepped back and stepped away from their roles as organisers; some of our members have stepped into organising roles. And, we have been slack in keeping up with this blog (sorry!). Open Knowledge Melbourne has had a slower start to this year than others. Last week, we ran a planning session to find out from you, the Open Knowledge Melbourne community,  what we could do this year. A big thank you to those that came along – thank you for participating and being really engaged with the discussion. Thank you, also to the people who completed the very short survey – if you missed last weeks meetup and would like to provide us with your thoughts and some feedback, the survey will be open for another week. At the planning session we asked the Open Knowledge Melbourne community what we could learn about, discuss, make, create or do this year. And there were a lot of ideas put forward. Maps, our perennial favourite, featured across all categories, as did themes of data analysis, data visualisation and science. Some of the post-it suggestions are can be seen below:
Post-it note suggestions include speed dating, beta test projects, mini-round table discussions, collaborate on open science projects, maps, digitise areas where people wouldn’t usually use tech, laboratory presenters, open licensing, barriers to open data, open data policies and strategies, and more

PostIt note planning collage

We are working on turning these ideas, suggestions, topics and themes into the schedule of meetup sessions for this year. There are some people to ask come speak, workshops and dojos to put together, and projects to scope. This is shaping to be an interesting year. — Post written by Sally P.

A Queer Taste for Macaroni

Adam Green - February 22, 2017 in Art & Illustrations, beau, captain jones, Culture & History, dandy, dandyism, fop, gay, georgian britain, georgian london, grand tour, homosexuality, homosexuality in the 18th century, london, macaroni, matthew darly, queer culture, sodomy, sodomy trial

With his enormous hair, painted face, and dainty attire, the so-called "macaroni" was a common sight upon the streets and ridiculing prints of 1770s London. Dominic Janes explores how with this new figure — and the scandalous sodomy trials with which the stereotype became entwined — a widespread discussion of same-sex desire first entered the public realm, long before the days of Oscar Wilde.

Using data.world to collaborate on Open Data Day and to showcase work after the event

Len Fishman - February 21, 2017 in Open Data, Open Data Day, Open Knowledge

March 4th is Open Data Day! Open Data Day is an annual celebration of open data all over the world. For the fifth time in history, groups from around the world will create local events on the day where they will use open data in their communities. Here is a look at how groups can use the data.world platform to identify data sources and collaborate with open data users. Although the data.world team will only be present at our local Open Data Day in Austin, Texas, everyone at data.world is proud to support the groups that will participate in events all over the world. The platform will make it easier to collaborate on your data projects, connect with the community, and preserve your work for others to build upon after Open Data Day. For those of you that don’t know us yet, this is central to our vision as a B Corp and Public Benefit Corporation. By setting data.world up in this way, we commit to considering our impact on stakeholders – not only on shareholders – and allow ourselves to publicly report on progress towards our mission in the same way companies report on finances. Our mission is to:
  1. build the most meaningful, collaborative and abundant data resource in the world in order to maximize data’s societal problem-solving utility,
  2. advocate publicly for improving the adoption, usability, and proliferation of open data and linked data, and
  3. serve as an accessible historical repository of the world’s data.
When I reached out to OKI about supporting the event, they suggested that I write some tips on how groups could benefit most from using the platform on Open Data Day and I prepared this short list:  
  • Data discovery and organization: before Open Data Day, search the platform and identify other data sources that are relevant to a project you hope to work on during the event. Create a dataset that includes hypotheses, questions, or goals for your project as well as data and related documentation
  • Explore and query data: as soon as you find a data file, understand its shape and descriptive statistics to determine if the data has the right characteristics for your project as well as query the file directly on data.world using SQL
  • Use the API: interact with data via R Studio or Python programs using the data.world API or link a Google Sheet to a dataset (if you prefer working locally in a spreadsheet you can do that too)
  • Communicate effectively: as you work on your project, use discussion threads in the project’s dataset as well as annotate data within the platform so group members have maximum context
  • Showcase your work: including data, notebooks, analysis, and visualizations in a single workspace to preserve what was achieved and permit the community to build on it without unnecessarily repeating the data prep and analysis completed during the event
If you’d like to see some relevant examples on data.world I would suggest looking at this dataset from the Anti-defamation League, this analysis of Cancer Clinical Trials, and this Data for Democracy project around Drug Spending. I’d love to see your projects on data.world so tag @len in a discussion on your dataset or invite me to be a read-only contributor. If you have questions, email help@data.world and you’ll get the attention of our whole team as your feedback goes right into our company Slack. Hopefully data.world helps your group be more productive on Open Data Day and also sustain momentum from the event afterwards.

Open Education Kickoff Meeting

driesvr - February 21, 2017 in Open Data, Open Knowledge, open-education, universities

Belgium is lacking behind when it comes to opening up their educational data. Therefore some bottom-up action is needed in order to make this possible. As a response, an interesting Kickoff meeting about Open Education was held on February 15 2017 in Brussels. Data providers, data re-users and data facilitators were sitting together and discussed the possibilities regarding open educational resources (OER) and open educational practices. What’s the problem? Students and staff want information which is up-to-date and easy to find. This can be brought by applications. The only problem is that most colleges aren’t keen to open up their data, whereas opening their data to build applications would make things a lot easier for students as well as for the colleges itself. It would change both institutional and wider culture. Another problem lies in the fact that every institution works with a different database. Therefore it is also interesting to discuss about an open data standard for every college or university. How can we solve this? Organizations need concrete information about what data they have to open and its consequences. Therefore this working group can help to discuss the possibilities op Open Education to create some extra pressure to colleges and universities. Do you want to be part of the Open Education Working group? Are you interested or do you want to be part of the Open Education Working Group? Click here to join our Slack group and keep the discussion alive.

Yellow Journalism: The “Fake News” of the 19th Century

Adam Green - February 21, 2017 in donald trump, fake news, gutter press, history of fake news, how old is fake news, joseph pulitzer, newspapers, politics, spanish-american war, tabloid journalism, war, william randolph hearst, yellow journalism, yellow press

Illustrations from Puck magazine on the great scandal of the Yellow Press, the birth of tabloid journalism.

Yellow Journalism: The “Fake News” of the 19th Century

Adam Green - February 21, 2017 in donald trump, fake news, gutter press, history of fake news, how old is fake news, joseph pulitzer, newspapers, politics, spanish-american war, war, william randolph hearst, yellow journalism, yellow press

Illustrations from Puck magazine on the great scandal of the Yellow Press, the birth of tabloid journalism.

開放的時代:領導、風險與未來的機會

TH Schee - February 21, 2017 in 活動

World Wide Web之父Tim Berners-Lee在2009年TED演講,公開稱讚開放知識基金會創辦人Rufus Pollock博士是引領全球開放資料潮流的先行者。 本次開放知識基金會創辦人亞洲之旅第一站就在台灣,來自英國的Rufus Pollock博士,與長期投入台灣開放知識的兩位講者將同場分享,邀請您一起來了解「開放知識」可以如何改變未來、影響世界,又有哪些案例可以學習、參考。

Europe in the age of Tr… Transparency

Anastasia Valeeva - February 21, 2017 in network, OK Russia, Transparency

For the past few years, the USA has been an example of how governments can manage open government initiatives and open data particularly. They have done this by introducing positions like federal chief information officer and chief data officers. With datasets being opened on a massive scale in a standardised format, it laid the ground for startups and citizen apps to flourish. Now, when referring to the example of the US, it is common to add ‘under Obama’s administration’ with a sigh. Initiatives to halt data collection put the narrative on many sensitive issues such as climate change, women’s rights or racial inequality under threat. Now, more than ever, the EU should take a global lead with its open data initiatives. One of these initiatives just took place last week: developers of civic apps from all over Europe went on a Transparency Tour of Brussels. Participants were the winners of the app competition that was held at TransparencyCamp EU in Amsterdam last June. In the run up to the final event, 30 teams submitted their apps online while another 40 teams were created in a series of diplohacks that Dutch embassies organised in eight countries. If you just asked yourself ‘what is diplohack?’, let me explain.

ConsiliumVote team pitching their app at TCampEU, by EU2016NL

Diplohacks are hackathons where developers meet diplomats – with initial suspicion from both sides. Gradually, both sides understand how they can benefit from this cooperation. As much as the word ‘diplohack’ itself brings two worlds together, the event was foremost an ice breaker between the communities. According to the survey of participants, direct interaction is what both sides enjoyed the most. Diplohacks helped teams to find and understand the data, and also enabled data providers to see the points of improvement like better interface, adding relevant data fields to their datasets, etc.   Experience the diplohack atmosphere by watching this short video: All winners of the app competition were invited last week for the transparency tour at the EU institutions. The winning teams were Citybik.es, which h makes use of bike data; Harta Banilor Publici (Public Spending Map) in Romania; and ConsiliumVote, a visualization tool of the votes in the Council of the EU. Developers were shown the EU institutions from the inside, but the most exciting part of it was a meeting with the EU open data steering committee.

Winners of the app competition at the Council of EU, by Open Knowledge Belgium

Yet again, it proved how important it is to meet face to face and discuss things. Diplomats encouraged coders to use their data more. Tony Agotha, a member of the cabinet of First Vice-President Frans Timmermans, reminded and praised coders for the social relevance of their work. Developers, in turn, provided feedback with both specific comments like making the search on the Financial Transparency website possible across years; and general ideas such as making the platform of the European data portal open sourced so that regional and municipal portals can build on it. Open data is not a favour, it’s a right’ – said one of the developers. To use this right, we need more meetings between publishers and re-users, we need community growth, we need communication of data and ultimately, more data. TransparencyCamp Europe and last week’s events in Brussels were good first steps. However, both EU officials and European citizens using data should keep the dialogue going if we want to take up the opportunity for the EU to lead on open data. Your comments and ideas are welcome. Join the discussion here.    

International Open Data Day am 04. März

Fiona Krakenbürger - February 21, 2017 in Uncategorized

Am 04. März laden Aktivistinnen auf der ganzen Welt zum International Open Data Day ein.


In über einhundert Städten werden Workshops, Hackathons und Events rund um Offene Daten von der Community organisiert und alle Interessierten sind eingeladen. Wie immer sind auch die Open Knowledge Labs vertreten, dieses Jahr mit beeindruckenden 20 Events in 19 Städten! Wir freuen uns sehr darüber, dieses Jahr so breit aufgestellt zu sein. Mit dabei sind gleich drei Neuzugänge, in Heidelberg, Erfurt und Schwerin - willkommen an Bord! Dieses Jahr legen die OK Labs ein vielfältiges Programm mit den unterschiedlichsten Schwerpunkten vor:
  • In Heilbronn wirkt die neu ernannte Open Data Beauftragte der Stadt bei der Eröffnung mit und es wird an Feinstaubsensoren aus Stuttgart gebastelt.

  • In Köln findet eine Kooperation mit dem Citizen Science Projekt Hack Your City statt.

  • Die Stadt Jena ist dieses Jahr offizielle Ausrichterin des Open Data Days, wir freuen uns auf diesen Fortschritt und Erfolg des OK Labs in Jena.

  • In Bonn steht der Open Data Day unter dem Motto „Bau was mit Offenen Daten“ - es wird unter anderem einen Calliope-Workshop geben, es wird mit Bots gebastelt und das Thema Nachhaltigkeit entlang von Offenen Daten bearbeitet.

  • In Berlin wurden Speakerinnen für spannende Vorträge eingeladen, unter anderem zum Geoportal der Stadt, zu OpenStreetMap und zu Wikidata (<3). Der Open Data Day in Berlin wird von Wikimedia Deutschland e.V. unterstützt.

  • In Hamburg gibt es als Auftakt bereits am Freitag eine ganztägige Veranstaltung, das „Forum Offene Stadt“ gemeinsam mit der Körber-Stiftung. Dazu haben wir schon letzte Woche einen Blogpost geschrieben.
Das ist selbstverständlich nur ein kleiner Auszug, schaut am Besten selber mal in die lange lange Liste von Events und besucht ein Lab in eurer Nähe! Wir wünschen allen Labs einen wunderbaren Open Data Day. Folgt dem Hashtag #ODD17 auf Twitter, um zu sehen, was in den Labs und auf der ganzen Welt am 04. März passiert.