Coronavírus: transparência em 90% dos estados brasileiros é insuficiente

- April 3, 2020 in acesso à informação, ciência aberta, Dados Abertos, Destaque, governo aberto, sociedade civil, transparência

Avaliação da OKBR considerou conteúdo, formato e nível de detalhamento das informações divulgadas nos portais dos governos dos estados e do governo federal; 11 estados não publicam dados mínimos
90% dos avaliados ainda não publicam dados suficientes para acompanhar a disseminação da pandemia de Covid-19 pelo país, incluindo o governo federal
Quase 40% dos estados ainda têm nível “opaco” de divulgação (0 a 19 pontos)
Apenas 1 estado divulga em seu portal a quantidade de testes disponível
Nenhum estado divulga quantos leitos (sobretudo, UTIs) estão ocupados, em relação ao total disponível
3 estados e o governo federal ainda não publicam informação por município
Mais de 80% dos entes avaliados não divulgam dados em formato aberto (apenas em boletins ou em meio ao texto corrido)
  Levantamento realizado pela Open Knowledge Brasil (OKBR), organização que atua na área de transparência e abertura de dados públicos, indica que 90% dos estados, incluindo o governo federal, ainda não publicam dados que permitam acompanhar em detalhes a disseminação da pandemia de Covid-19 pelo país. O Brasil registrou seu primeiro caso em 26 de fevereiro de 2020. Apenas Pernambuco conta, atualmente, com um nível alto de transparência (com 81 pontos de um total de 100, pelos critérios da avaliação). Em seguida, Ceará (69) e Rio de Janeiro (64) também apresentam bom nível de informações, embora ainda haja pontos importantes a melhorar.  Onze estados ainda precisam avançar na publicação de dados e foram considerados “opacos” com relação à Covid-19 – o nível dessa categoria vai de 0 a 19 pontos.  Chama a atenção a ausência de informações sobre testes disponíveis nos estados: na data de coleta das informações, apenas um dos 28 entes avaliados informava esse dado. Outro dado relevante, ainda ausente, é a taxa de ocupação de leitos: nenhum estado conta quantos leitos (sobretudo de UTIs) estão ocupados, em relação ao total disponível “Na última semana, alguns estados evoluíram muito rápido”, avalia Fernanda Campagnucci, diretora-executiva da OKBR. Ela cita especialmente Maranhão, Tocantins e Rio de Janeiro, que nos últimos dias passaram a fornecer informações detalhadas e em formatos abertos.  “É preciso reconhecer os esforços desses gestores, pois esses dados são fundamentais para que pesquisadores e jornalistas possam ajudar os governos a monitorar a crise e mesmo contribuir com soluções”, diz.   A avaliação levou em conta três dimensões: Tabela Todas as avaliações foram enviadas com antecedência aos estados. Até o fechamento deste material, seis responderam: Amapá, Amazonas, Bahia, Distrito Federal, Maranhão e Santa Catarina. Nenhum contestou a pontuação. O Amazonas destacou que realiza transmissões ao vivo todos os dias para atualizar os dados, e que vai utilizar esta avaliação como parâmetro para aprimorar a maneira como os publica.  “Esta avaliação busca apoiar os estados e o governo federal na melhoria da transparência”, explica Fernanda. “Como o Ministério da Saúde publica dados muito agregados e os estados não observam os mesmos parâmetros de publicação, há muita variação entre os estados. Isso pode prejudicar a comparação e dificultar o planejamento a infraestrutura de saúde necessária para lidar com a crise”, conclui. Em seus boletins epidemiológicos, os estados também alertaram para as dificuldades que estão enfrentando desde o dia 27 de março, quando o Ministério da Saúde mudou o sistema nacional para registro de notificações. Rondônia, Rio Grande do Norte, Minas Gerais e Maranhão, por exemplo, afirmam que não conseguem obter dados detalhados por município nesta fase de transição. A avaliação foi feita sobre as informações disponíveis na manhã de 2 de abril. Para refletir as melhorias feitas pelos estados, o índice será atualizado semanalmente. Downloads: Base de dados completa com a avaliação detalhada de cada ente. Nota metodológica com o detalhamento dos critérios de avaliação.   Flattr this!

Open mapping data for development in Tanzania: Open Data Day 2020 report

- April 3, 2020 in Open Data Day, Open Data Day 2020, tanzania

On Saturday 7th March 2020, the tenth Open Data Day took place with people around the world organising over 300 events to celebrate, promote and spread the use of open data. Thanks to generous support from key funders, the Open Knowledge Foundation was able to support the running of more than 60 of these events via our mini-grants scheme This blogspot is a report by Innocent Maholi from OpenMap Development Tanzania who received funding from Datopian to spread awareness on the usefulness of open data for development among participants through workshops, trainings, break-out sessions and a mapathon. _MG_9880 On Saturday March 7th, OpenMap Development Tanzania (OMDTZ), Crowd2Map Tanzania and the Tanzania Data Lab (dLab), with strong support from Open Knowledge Foundation and Open Heroines, hosted an Open Data Day event in Dar es Salaam. The event brought together more than 57 participants with diverse backgrounds in GIS analysis, community mapping, development, health, disaster response and other participants interested in open data. Data availability and access are crucial in the development of projects, new research, policy formulation and organisations to reuse and develop new methods from existing datasets instead of recollecting already existing data. The event theme – How open data can help Tanzania – had the aim of creating discussions on how we can use the potential of open data to create solutions to challenges such as access to health care, flooding, gender issues i.e. female genital mutilation and early child marriages, access to energy, etc. Is accessing open data enough? While advocating for open data, it is crucial to ask ourselves a question, “Is open data enough?”. From OMDTZ’s perspective, open data is not enough if we don’t have open technology, knowledge and open-minded people that are able to use, reuse, develop and replicate the processes of open data. This is the reason why OMDTZ is promoting and championing open data, open knowledge and open tools to help solve localised community problems. IMG_9727 During the event, we had a number of presentations focusing on how we can use open data and open technologies to solve localised challenges that the communities face. The talks based on the projects that OMDTZ, Crowd2Map, Tanzania Resilience Academy and Tanzania Data Lab have/are implementing. These included the following:
  • Mapping for FGM: Crowd2Map discussed how they are mapping rural Tanzania into OpenStreetMap to support FGM activists and the police who are rescuing young girls at risk. They also talked about how they are training digital champions in each village to report gender-based violence to social welfare using ODK. These women are first-time smartphone users who have ongoing training via a WhatsApp group.
  • Ramani Huria: Community mapping for flood resilience in Dar es Salaam. Addressing flooding issues in the city is super connected to addressing effects that women and children suffer during the flooding simply because this group is the most affected when it comes to flooding. This is because most of the small-scale businesses (owned mostly by women in the localities) are swept away by annual flooding.
  • Data Zetu: Empowering communities to make better and more evidence-based decisions. The presentation was based on how the collected data supported the creation of a dashboard in Dar es Salaam’s Amana hospital to track malnutrition to children as they were being brought to the hospital late. During this project, household surveys about data on access to maternal health care were collected to understand and provide solutions on the issues that women go through to access maternal health care in the city. This has then led into an initiative to provide a mobile clinic for the places that are built far from the main hospital to serve women residing in these areas.
  • Digitisation: Creating building footprints in the OpenStreetMap and get a base map for different analysis. This team is particularly led by women and has a 50/50 distribution of the team members who have grown their technical skills and managing data validations and quality checks, including day-to-day management. This is to make sure women are never left behind in this open data ecosystem.
  • Drones for river mapping: How the captured drone images have supported the development of open routing analysis to transport waste from rivers to Pugu (the main dumping site in Dar es Salaam) and helped Ilala and Kinondoni municipalities to understand the issues facing trash collectors and improve the situation. To make sure gender issues are addressed, we also have female drone pilots who were/are trained by OMDTZ and are able to fly drones.
  • Community Cadastres:  Piloting the use of geo-frequency satellite receivers for land rights and supporting poor populations in Dar es Salaam that are living in informal settlements. If this succeeds, the impacts will be greater especially to women who are normally marginalised to access land rights.
  • Innovation Ecosystem Map of Tanzania: A platform that will bring all innovation stakeholders in Tanzania on one map. The map will act as a platform for innovators in the ecosystem exposing them to incubation, accelerators, funders etc 
  • Resilience Academy: Using open data cases to provide student skills while addressing resilience issues
Workshops were also conducted to introduce participants to different tools that we use for data collection, analysis and data storage. The aim was to introduce participants to these tools, and if interested, they can request for additional training. OMDTZ also emphasised that the processes used to develop open data should be free (unless proprietary tools/software i.e servers must be used in certain circumstances). Open data is both free in terms of not costing money, as well as free in that you can add more data or develop a feature on to the platforms to fit your needs, but you must document and make it accessible for others to reuse and develop. Workshops were categorised into four categories:
  • Introduction to open mapping mobile tools (Open Data Kit, Open Map Kit, Maps.me etc): Aiming to make participants familiar about data collection tools that we use.
  • Accessing geospatial open data platforms (openstreetmap.org, Geonode, Humanitarian Data Exchange etc): How participants can have access to collected data if they want to use them.
  • Mapping using JOSM and iD Editor: Participants were trained on how they can add features on the map if they wish to be data contributors.
  • Introduction to GIS and QGIS: Introducing participants on how to export data from OpenStreetMap platform and other servers to make analysis through QGIS.
The event was also to remind people of the data ecosystem and that open data and data sharing goes beyond depositing in a repository. The approach of open data should be holistic, developing discussions on data validation, quality checks and data use for countries’ most pressing challenges.  As OMDTZ, we call for communities in Tanzania that are open data users and enthusiasts such as developers, analysts, universities, policymakers, and disaster responders to join our efforts in advocating the use of open data and open geospatial technologies to solve issues that matter to the community.  All together with a common question on our mind, ‘How can open data help Tanzania? • A version of this blogpost was originally published via Medium

Improving journalists’ data literacy in Indonesia: Open Data Day 2020 report

- April 2, 2020 in indonesia, Open Data Day, Open Data Day 2020

On Saturday 7th March 2020, the tenth Open Data Day took place with people around the world organising over 300 events to celebrate, promote and spread the use of open data. Thanks to generous support from key funders, the Open Knowledge Foundation was able to support the running of more than 60 of these events via our mini-grants scheme This blogspot is a report by the Alliance of Independent Journalists in Bandung, Indonesia who received funding from Hivos to use open contracting data to encourage collaboration among civil society groups to access and monitor public budgets.
Adi Marsiela, a journalist with the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) in Bandung

Adi Marsiela, a journalist with the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) in Bandung

CSOs and journalists in Indonesia are still facing difficulties in accessing public data, despite being guaranteed by a national law issued in 2008. Better capacity is needed to analyse data and overcome bureaucratic hindrance. Dan Satriana, who served as a commissioner with the Information Commission in the country’s West Java province, said data availability and lack of transparency are the main challenges.  “The government should store data as many as possible in the public domain. So that there will be no bureaucracy that would hinder people from obtaining data,” he said, adding that bureaucrats should also nurture openness culture. Dan, who served two terms, said the Indonesian government already has instruments to support open data, from one data initiative and Public Information Openness Act. However, these are not enough. The 2008 Public Information Openness Act guarantees citizen’s rights to access public data, requires all public bodies to disclose public data, established the Information Commission and set up a system to deal with disputes. Yet the twelve-year-old law does not work very well.  Adi Marsiela, a journalist with the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) in Bandung, said, public data is still not easily accessible, even for journalists. “If journalists come to a government or public agency, they will be asked if they have a request letter. That is a very basic thing. Journalists should not be hindered by the procedures,” he said.  Adi added, aside from bureaucratic culture, the use of different formats for public data has put another layer of challenges, as experienced by a fellow journalist working with data collection. “Data she obtained was in a different format. There is no standardised format. This got journalists confused. And journalists are demanded to be fast,” he added.  A workshop was held for 30 journalists, student press reporters and activists in Bandung, on Open Data Day aimed to enable journalists tackle such bureaucratic hindrances. Supported by Open Knowledge Foundation, the ’Better Literacy for Bigger Participation’ workshop gave conceptual and practical approaches.  Dan, who talked about the importance of open data, urged the public to participate more in accessing and analysing government data. Government data, he insisted, could foster good governance and decision making that will affect the lives of many. “This is unavoidable in our democracy where government and public sector should work together in development,” he said.  Adi – who trained participants in data scraping – said journalists and CSOs should update their capacities and work together. “It is very crucial to collaborate with CSOs – which have their own respective fields – so that they can inform journalists. We hope journalists will no longer only rely on what’s spoken by government spokespeople,” Adi said. “Journalists’ job is to be critical to all data given to them. We should obtain the data, able to analyse that, and from there we can develop a list of questions for verification,” he stressed. Participants were introduced to data sources provided by national, provincial, and local governments in Indonesia. They were then assisted to scrap data from the public domain and input the numbers automatically to Microsoft Excel into .xlsx and .csv formats. Ni Loh Gusti “Anti” Madewanti, said the workshop has helped her organisation, DROUPADI, who works in counter violent extremism and women’s rights. “I got to know which sites or sources where data could be obtained, and how to critically analyse government-issued data, which one is not proportional, not updated, or even tends to corrupt,” she said after the session.  The organisation, Anti added, is also planning to create a database themselves. “My organisation will implement data collection and cleaning to make a database, which will be utilised by DROUPADI and many more stakeholders for collaboration,” Anti said.

Connecting environmental politics and data in Brazil: Open Data Day 2020 report

- April 1, 2020 in Brazil, Open Data Day, Open Data Day 2020

On Saturday 7th March 2020, the tenth Open Data Day took place with people around the world organising over 300 events to celebrate, promote and spread the use of open data. Thanks to generous support from key funders, the Open Knowledge Foundation was able to support the running of more than 60 of these events via our mini-grants scheme This blogspot is a report by Marília Gehrke from Afonte Jornalismo de Dados (Afonte Data Journalism) in Brazil who received funding from Resource Watch to raise awareness about environmental politics and empower the community to use public and open data.
Open Data Day Porto Alegre panelists and organising team (photo: Juliana Spilimbergo)

Open Data Day Porto Alegre panelists and organising team (photo: Juliana Spilimbergo)

People who attended Open Data Day Porto Alegre learned about the ecosystem where they live. Through graphics, figures, maps, and even a new database released during the event, three panelists explained the impact of Mina Guaíba installation. The project involves a coal mine exploration, which will affect Porto Alegre, in Brazilian South, and its metropolitan region. If it occurs, about 166 tonnes of coal might be extracted in 23 years. One of the main problems is pollution: Jacuí river, and consequently Guaíba Lake, which supplies water for the city, will be at risk of contamination. Approximately 4.6 million people would be affected.  “How can society feel safe about the coal mine?”, asked Dr. Rualdo Menegat, professor of Geosciences Institute at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) and one of the panelists. According to him, the project that aims to start coal exploration does not foresee potential risks and environmental emergencies – natural disasters, explosions, fires, storms, and inundations might happen. He also presented a periodic table of substances that are part of the chemical composition of coal. “It is chemical garbage,” he summarised.  Dr. Marilene Maia, the coordinator of the Observatory of Realities and Public Policies of Vale do Rio dos Sinos (Observasinos), believes science and data are essential for people to be aware of the mine’s risks, as well as public transparency. She said that sometimes data is available, but is not accessible because citizens do not comprehend it.
Presentation by Iporã Possantti (photo: Marília Gehrke)

Presentation by Iporã Possantti (photo: Marília Gehrke)

Iporã Possantti, who is an environmental engineer and also a member of the group Critical Environment (Coletivo Ambiente Crítico), organised and released a new database to empower the community and inspire people to investigate. Territorial and georeferenced information will allow the creation of maps and promote subsidies for data analysis. The main goal, he said, is to offer structured data that is already public in different places, but can disappear depending on the governors’ decision.  Open Data Day in Porto Alegre also had a workshop to stimulate the use of the Access of Information Law (a Brazilian version of the Freedom of Information Act) to obtain public data that are not publicly available unless if someone requests. LL.M. Bruno Morassutti, who is a lawyer and specialist in this topic, showed several examples of how to access Websites and protocols to ask for information. He also presented the environmental legislation in Brazil to support the arguments for the requirements.  The audience was able to ask questions during the event. In the first panel, invited journalists – freelancers and professionals from different news media – started the debate. Overall, the community expressed concern about the future of environmental events and people who did not know the data presented acted surprise. “It is not an event that starts tomorrow and ends at the end of the year. It will affect future generations”, said Dr. Menegat about the coal mine. About 60 people attended Open Data Day in Porto Alegre. For the second year in a row, journalists Marília Gehrke and Taís Seibt, from Afonte Jornalismo de Dados (Afonte Data Journalism), organised the event with support from Unisinos University. All the presentations (in Portuguese) are available online. The event was covered by the regional media and posts on Twitter.

Eastern Sports and Western Bodies: The “Indian Club” in the United States

- April 1, 2020 in Uncategorized

Although largely forgotten today, exercise by club swinging was all the rage in the 19th century. Daniel Elkind explores the rise of the phenomenon in the US, and how such efforts to keep trim and build muscle were inextricably entwined with the history of colonialism, immigration, and capitalist culture.

Announcing the PDR Colouring Book! Free to Download and Print Off at Home

- March 31, 2020 in Uncategorized

We made you a colouring book to help you through these strange times, featuring works by Hokusai, Albrecht Dürer, Virginia Frances Sterrett, and Aubrey Beardsley.

Mapping waste dumping locations in Malawi: Open Data Day 2020 report

- March 31, 2020 in Open Data Day, Open Data Day 2020

On Saturday 7th March 2020, the tenth Open Data Day took place with people around the world organising over 300 events to celebrate, promote and spread the use of open data. Thanks to generous support from key funders, the Open Knowledge Foundation was able to support the running of more than 60 of these events via our mini-grants scheme This blogspot is a report by Patrick Ken Kalonde from Youth for Environmental Development in Malawi who received funding from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to inspire university students to take action and contribute to environmental protection through mapping.
University students look at a map of the location of dumpsites around their campus

University students look at a map of the location of dumpsites around their campus

University students just finished data collection exercise. Everyone was curious seeing captured photos being turned into a waste disposal map. One after another, groups synchronised photos they captured on open access platform. A few minutes later, map showing waste dumping locations across the university campus was ready.  You might wonder what is really happening. This is in Malawi, and the students are from the Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resource. The students were participants in an event organised by their peers from Youth for Environmental Development (YED), a youth-led community-based organisation operating in a small area of 310 households in the capital of Malawi, Lilongwe. The event was organised to celebrate Open Data Day with the idea of sharing knowledge about how open data on waste disposal can help to trigger innovations and solution to make our communities clean. This is also partly to inspire the university students to think on innovative data solutions.  Nearly 4 hours prior to this particular moment, my colleague Alick Chisale Austin presented about YED, its activities and why the group is cerebrating Open Data Day. University students were amazed to learn how YED, a group comprised of volunteers comprising of secondary school students, university students, graduates and school leavers from the community, unified with a common desire to make their community free from careless waste disposal practices. It did not take long before I took the stage, sharing why our volunteer youth organisation has focused on citizen science in confronting the problem of poor sanitation/waste disposal in the community. Several maps were presented with the first one illustrating the location of my community, my home and its key features. The second one presented the same community with waste dumping locations mapped in 2017. According to the second map, 67 percent of the waste dumping locations are right in our local rivers.  With the presentation of the status quo, I quizzed the audience on whether they think it is a problem or not to have trash accumulating in our river networks. Unanimously, the audience responded it is very undesirable to have them. I also shared information about the clean-up campaign which our group organised in our community back in 2019. We joined what was trending on social media through the #TrashChallenge. 
YED members cleaning up a dumpsite in March 2019

YED members cleaning up a dumpsite in March 2019

I presented how information and knowledge is generated from data. It was clear to us that spatial data can be used as strong evidence to inform our decisions regarding solving poor waste disposal problem. Not only that, much as the problem of waste disposal is of public concern, I presented the need to have open data platforms for environmental protection. At this point, I introduced the tools students can use to contribute to making our communities clean by gathering evidence to inform our decisions like Open Litter Map (www.openlittermap.com), an online platform that allows the locations of litter sites to be captured using a smartphone. This data is uploaded online where it can be accessed by anyone.  I then introduced a practical and hands on exercise of going around the university campus mapping all trash dumping locations. When they finished collecting data, they came back to upload the data online. Moment later when uploaded data was verified, all university campus waste dumping locations were displayed. I led the participants downloading the data they just synchronised which was later exported to QGIS to prepare a map.  Getting closer to the end of the Open Data Day celebrations, some participants explained that they were interested to extend the environmental data mapping exercises they just learnt when they move back to their various communities. Others were more motivated to continue carry on our work by extending the message about the importance of data to their personal circles. Being the first team involving university students mapping their own campus, our team hopes this motivates others to generating relevant evidence, vital in making informed decisions for protecting our environment. 

Raising visibility of women and the LGBT community in Mexico: Open Data Day 2020 report

- March 30, 2020 in Open Data Day, Open Data Day 2020

On Saturday 7th March 2020, the tenth Open Data Day took place with people around the world organising over 300 events to celebrate, promote and spread the use of open data. Thanks to generous support from key funders, the Open Knowledge Foundation was able to support the running of more than 60 of these events via our mini-grants scheme. This blogspot is a report by Ricardo Mirón from Future Lab in Mexico who received funding from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to give visibility to women and the LGBT community in local decision making within government, business and civil society using open data. At Future Lab’s Open Data Day, we aimed to give visibility to women and the LGBT community in local decision making within government, business and civil society using open data. This day served to unite the efforts of different sectors of society, in which we wanted to focus on a topic that is of special relevance in the context of our country, Mexico; where gender violence, discrimination and unequal opportunities are still very present.  For this we decided to partner with different actors: 
  • LAB León (https://www.facebook.com/lab.leon.DGI) the city’s public innovation laboratory. Providing the link with the government and opening databases for use during this day. 
  • Codeando Mexico (http://www.codeandomexico.org) one of the strongest communities and movements in the country in terms of civic technology and citizen participation. 
  • HERE Technologies (www.here.com) an international company that creates mapping solutions, put at our disposal the necessary infrastructure to be able to visualize the results of this day. 
  • CANACINTRA (https://canacintra-leon.org.mx) the National Chamber of the Transformation Industry is the body that represents the Industrial Sector of León, supporting with its facilities and willingness to carry out the event. 
During the event, around 80 people participated, mostly young enthusiasts with different profiles such as data scientists, journalists, political scientists, architects and designers as well as several members of public agencies and private initiatives. There was a clear interest in people who usually had no experience in the topic – about half of the attendees had never worked with open data.  In order to contribute to the movement and culture that we want to promote in society and government, we held three workshops to add to the narrative of how we can create from different methodologies and tools:
  • Open data workshop: (Gender equality) An analysis of public data on femicides in Mexico was carried out, using Tableau and different visualisations an infographic was created. 
  • Open mapping workshop: (LGBT community) A collaborative map was worked among the attendees, starting by geo-referencing points such as cafes, parks, offices and other safe spaces for the community. Subsequently, the data was loaded on a map and it was customised to show these points in a specific polygon in the city of León. 
  • Open source workshop: (Citizen participation) Participants contributed to a code repository on GitHub learning the methodology of participation in an open source project. With a focus on creating citizen collaboration projects. 
As a conclusion, we know that constant and gradual work is needed to continue promoting the use of open data and open source and that real value is generated when we contribute to the solution of the different problems that we face together as society, we hope to add to the raising awareness of how discrimination in the LGBT community and gender inequality affects us all, hoping that this movement and this community will grow exponentially until materialising actions such as public policies, platforms and projects take place.

Coronavirus Update

- March 30, 2020 in Uncategorized

Quick update as to how the coronavirus crisis is impacting The Public Domain Review.

Crowdsourcing streetlights data for Kathmandu: Open Data Day 2020 report

- March 27, 2020 in nepal, Open Data Day, Open Data Day 2020

On Saturday 7th March 2020, the tenth Open Data Day took place with people around the world organising over 300 events to celebrate, promote and spread the use of open data. Thanks to generous support from key funders, the Open Knowledge Foundation was able to support the running of more than 60 of these events via our mini-grants scheme This blogspot is a report by Ankita Shah from Youth Innovation Lab in Nepal who received funding from Mapbox to showcase crowdsourced streetlights data for Kathmandu to influence policy for their maintenance. Often times we notice people around us complaining about problems they face once they step outside of their houses every day. For instance, in Nepal people complain that the roads are not properly constructed, the air is polluted, there are not enough public transportation or toilets, the traffic jam is getting worst and the list goes on. It has become a norm for people to complain about one thing or another, criticise and blame the institutions, and the people holding the authority. But most of them fail to do something about it, find a solution and actually work on it, instead of just complaining. They fail to realise that as a citizen of the country, we also have the responsibility to act upon it. Even though we might not have the authority or resources to do the job by ourselves, but we do hold the power to raise our voices, show evidences and make the people with authority accountable. Realising this growing gap and the urgency to address it, Youth Innovation Lab (YI-Lab) launched LightsON, a digital advocacy campaign that aims to bring open data and awareness together for informed decision making. A year ago on Open Data Day 2019, the LightsON campaign commenced with the aim of addressing one of the many problems our communities are facing on a daily basic i.e. lack of proper maintenance of streetlights. Streetlights are one of the many public utilities that are important for people for so many reasons. It is the basic infrastructure to ensure safer mobility after sundown. A lot of security and safety issues such as road accidents, theft, burglary, drug abuses, and, rape cases often occur in dark places which can simply be resolved if there is proper lighting and visibility. Unfortunately, most of the streetlights inside the valley does not work, the old ones are not replaced and the new ones not maintained. The institutions who are responsible to maintain these streetlights are failing to address this issue one of the many reasons being lack of data and spatial information of streetlights. Therefore, we decided to collect concrete data of streetlights and make it open and accessible to all so that we can urge the responsible institutions to draft policy for its periodic maintenance.  During the launch of LightsON, one-day session was hosted by YI-Lab that brought together elected government representatives, officials from the Survey Department, a Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) representative, Nepal police, open data enthusiasts, local citizens, digital volunteers and youths in an interactive discussion. The session sought to go in-depth of this issue. It included role of responsible institutions, accidents and crime rates in dark places, availability of data, role of technology and most importantly the importance of making data open to the public and giving them the power of interrogation with evidence. (Blog of launch event: http://bit.ly/2Seorw1) A low-cost mobile app and interactive web portal was developed in coordination with a tech company called NAXA to collect the data of streetlights.  The collected data are fed into the open web platform (http://light.utilitymaps.org/) visualising functional and non-functional streetlights data of electric and solar streetlights.  Based on the data, we can identify the type, condition, and functionality of the streetlights with its exact location and picture. YI-Lab strongly believes in the spirit of volunteerism as one of the best mediums to generate a sense of civic responsibility among youths, and so we started the campaign by reaching out to youths from different colleges, sensitising them about the issues and encouraging them to be part of our campaign.  For Open Data Day 2020, we aimed to shed light on what we had started a year back with the event ‘LightsON: Open Dialogue for Policy’. Supported by the Open Knowledge Foundation, this event aimed to present the streetlights data collected so far as an evidence to initiate and open dialogue to discuss on how the issues of poor maintenance of public utilities can be addressed by the responsible institutions using right data and evidence-based policy making. The Deputy Mayor of Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Respected Ms. Hariprabha Khadgi (Shrestha), gave a keynote speech on how this issue can be addressed by municipal governments and what initiatives can be taken in future to periodically maintain streetlights. She was delighted with the initiative and extended her support to take this initiative further. After the speech by Respected Ms. Khadgi, an hour-long open discussion began in the presence Hon. Biraj Bhakta Shrestha, Member of Parliament of Bagmati Province. The open discussion aimed to bring multidisciplinary perspectives on the issue of maintenance of streetlights that can be useful in suggesting the municipal governments to draft suitable policy. There were several interesting and insightful points brought up during the discussion that not only gave everybody an opportunity to learn but also opened up exciting avenues for the LightsON team to take the campaign further. With such amazing and insightful discourse, the session ended with special remarks by Hon. Biraj Bhakta Shrestha. He has been a supporter of LightsON campaign since its inception. During his remarks, he highlighted the importance and potential of technology and the global paradigm shift towards technology driven. He emphasised that the era is shifting from capital intensive to ideas and innovation and so, the next generation is all about innovative ideas. Referring to LightsON as the tip of the iceberg, he encouraged the team to develop similar other technologies in future to solve other problems. According to him, data is the most important element in development, policy as well as good governance. In order to be able to advocate on policy, Hon. Shrestha urged the team to understand government’s structural functioning and underlined that ownership, economy, and security are the three motivational factors to engage communities. Finally, the session ended with Hon. Shrestha extending his support to take the campaign forward.