Lehdistötiedote: Uusien digitaalisten oikeuksien aamunkoitto: Ilmainen verkkokurssi kansalaisten oppaaksi

- January 21, 2019 in Featured, My Data, New Digital Rights MOOC

Lehdistötiedote 15.1.2019 – Uusien digitaalisten oikeuksien aamunkoitto: Ilmainen verkkokurssi kansalaisten oppaaksi

  Digitaaliset kansalaisoikeudet on ilmainen verkkokurssi, joka auttaa kansalaisia ​​ymmärtämään ja toteuttamaan uusia oikeuksiaan jokapäiväisessä elämässä.   Internet Society (ISOC) ja Suomen ulkoministeriö ovat rahoittaneet Open Knowledge Finlandin luomaan ilmaisen opetuskurssin kansalaisille, jotta he voivat tutustua uusiin EU:n yleisen tietosuoja-asetuksen myötä tulleisiin digitaalisiin oikeuksiin (GDPR). Asetuksessa korostetaan kansalaisen kuluttajansuojaa ja tietosuojan läpinäkyvyyttä – esimerkiksi huolellisuutta tietojenkäsittelyssä, tietoa henkilötietoihin kohdistuvista mahdollisista vuodoista ja selkeämpää henkilötiedon käyttöön liittyvää suostumuksenhallintaa.   Kurssin julkaisutilaisuudessa 15.1.2019 Eurooppasalissa, Helsingissä ISOC:n Juhani Juselius piti puheenvuoron, jossa kerrottiin syitä miksi Internet Society lähti mukaan rahoittamaan kurssia: “GDPR on siitä jännä aihe, että kaikki keskustelu ja konsulttien myyntipuheet kursseineen ovat keskittyneet GDPR:ään yrityksen näkökulmasta – siihen miten toimitaan uuden asetuksen mukaisesti, ettei vahingossakaan mittavat sanktiot laukea. GDPR on kuitenkin ennen kaikkea tarkoitettu yksityishenkilöiden tietojen suojaksi. Missä on ollut koulutus meille kansalaisille, kuluttajille tietojemme käyttämisestä ja oikeuksistamme? Erityisen tärkeä tietosuojan merkitys haasteineen on internetin käyttäjille ja siksi Suomen Internet-yhdistys yhdessä Internet Societyn kanssa on nähnyt tärkeäksi tukea tätä projektia.”  

GDPR kansalaisten näkökulmasta

  “GDRP astui voimaan jo 25.5.2018, mutta aihepiiristä kuitenkin käydään vielä liian vähän kansalaiskeskustelua. Kansalaiset eivät ole kovin hyvin perillä siitä, miten heidän henkilötietojaan käytetään nykyään. Erityisesti viime vuodet ovat osoittaneet, että tietoturvaan ja tietojenkäsittelyyn liittyvät kysymykset ovat myös keskeisiä turvallisuuskysymyksiä sekä henkilökohtaisella että kansainvälisellä tasolla.” Toteaa Raoul Plommer, kurssin projektipäällikkö. Kurssin koulutusmateriaalia kehitetään lisäksi laajempaan käyttöön, osaksi erilaisia koulutusohjelmia, mm. lukioissa, ammattikorkeakouluissa, yliopistoissa ja vapaan sivistystyön oppilaitoksissa. Kaikkiaan koulutuksen tarkoituksena on tavoittaa Suomessa tuhansia kansalaista, kun tuotettu materiaali tulee ensimmäisen kurssin jälkeen hyödynnettäväksi kaikille. Käytännössä verkkokurssi sisältää harjoitteita, kuten olemassa olevien tietopyyntö-palveluiden käyttöä. Järjestelmät tukevat kansalaisia, jotka pyytävät joko julkista tietoa viranomaisilta tai henkilötietoa miltä tahansa organisaatiolta. Pyyntöjen pohjalta saatavaa tietoa voidaan myös käyttää hyödyksi tietosuojavaltuutetun työssä.   Kurssille voi ilmoittautua osoitteessa: Digioikeudet.info Twitter: twitter.com/Digirightsinfo Facebook: facebook.com/digirights.info     Open Knowledge Finland ry. on vuoden 2012 lopussa perustettu yhteisölähtöinen voittoa tavoittelematon organisaatio, joka toimii osana kansainvälistä Open Knowledge -verkostoa. Yhdistys edistää tiedon avoimuutta, avoimen tiedon hyödyntämistä, sekä avoimen yhteiskunnan kehittymistä. Yhdistyksen Open Science -työryhmä palkittiin opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriön avoimuuspalkinnolla avoimen tieteen ansiokkaasta edistämisestä vuonna 2017. Web: www.okf.fi   Internet Society tai ISOC on yleishyödyllinen, vuonna 1992 perustettu, organisaatio, jonka tarkoitus on säätää Internet-standardeja, -opetusta ja -käytäntöjä. Omien sanojensa mukaan organisaation tarkoitus on varmistaa Internetin hyöty joka puolelle maailmaa jokaiselle ihmiselle. Web: siy.fi/isoc-finland     Lisätietoa Raoul Plommer raoul.plommer@okf.fi +358 44 5810005 The post Lehdistötiedote: Uusien digitaalisten oikeuksien aamunkoitto: Ilmainen verkkokurssi kansalaisten oppaaksi appeared first on Open Knowledge Finland.

Ποια στοιχεία έχουν σημασία στην Ευρώπη; Προς μια δημόσια συζήτηση σχετικά με τα δεδομένα μεγάλης αξίας της Ευρώπης και την οδηγία για το PSI

- January 18, 2019 in Featured, Featured @en, News, ανοικτά δεδομένα, δείκτες, Νέα

Από τον Danny Lämmerhirt Αυτό το κείμενο γράφτηκε συνεργατικά από τους Danny Lämmerhirt, Pierre Chrzanowski και Sander van der Waal  Η 22α Ιανουαρίου θα σηματοδοτήσει μία κρίσιμη στιγμή για το μέλλον των ανοικτών δεδομένων στην Ευρώπη. Εκείνη την ημέρα, ο τελικός τριμερής διάλογος μεταξύ της Ευρωπαϊκής Επιτροπής, του Κοινοβουλίου και του Συμβουλίου σχεδιάζεται να αποφασίσει σχετικά με την επικύρωση της […]

Robert Fludd’s Memory Tricks (1617)

- January 17, 2019 in Alphabet, ars memorativa, ars memoriae, memory, numbers, robert fludd

Robert Fludd's alphabet of correspondences, where each letter and number is paired with an object which echoes its shape.

Nossos projetos open source: tudo o que você precisa saber para participar.

- January 16, 2019 in código aberto, Conhecimento Livre, css, d3, Destaque, Gastos Abertos, Gastos Públicos, governo aberto, html, jekyll, Open Knowledge Brasil, Open Source, Python, transparência, visualização de dados

Por Pedro Vilanova Se você acompanha projetos de tecnologia – ou trabalha no mercado, independente da área de atuação, provavelmente já ouviu falar sobre projetos open source. Mesmo em crescimento, porém, o universo de projetos de código aberto ainda gera muitas dúvidas até mesmo em profissionais. Esse texto é para facilitar um pouco o entendimento e ajudar as pessoas a colocarem em prática um dos principais conceitos do open source: participação.

O que é Open Source?

Na prática, um projeto open source nada mais é do que um trabalho cujo código é aberto. Isto é, tem seu licenciamento livre, com o conteúdo do software disponível para quem quiser modificar, copiar, estudar e fazer os mais diversos tipo de experiência, inclusive trabalhando e ganhando dinheiro com isso. Apesar do caráter de troca de conhecimento e experiência, se engana quem pensa que a comunidade de código aberto é composta apenas por estudantes e acadêmicos. As maiores empresas do mundo, como IBM e Microsoft, mantém participação ativa e olhos bem abertos sobre iniciativas de código aberto. Isso acaba por trazer mais profissionais experientes para a comunidade e movimentar um maior investimento.

A importância do open source para a ciência.

Projetos em código aberto proporcionam o que chamamos de trabalhos derivados. Qualquer pessoa pode ter acesso e aprimorar o que já foi feito. Qualquer pessoa. Com isso, as possibilidades de melhoria são infinitas. Além disso, em geral, quem contribui com projetos open source também tem muito a ganhar em termos de conhecimento e oportunidades profissionais.

A importância do open source para a democracia.

Dentro da Open Knowledge Brasil, trabalhamos muito com código aberto voltado para iniciativas políticas. Isso porque acreditamos que essa é uma das principais vocações de se trabalhar com software livre. Um projeto que busca democracia precisa ser, acima de tudo, democrático.

Nossas iniciativas open source facilitam o acompanhamento, a transparência e auditoria do nosso trabalho, pilares do que acreditamos ser o conhecimento livre. Isso sem falar no engajamento. Em um país grande e diverso como o Brasil, trabalhar de forma aberta é dar a oportunidade do código passar por todo o país, sendo agregado, adaptado a diferentes realidades e servindo a democracia em seu potencial máximo.

Ok. E como vocês ganham dinheiro com isso?

Se engana quem acha que trabalhar com open source é sinônimo de trabalho voluntário. É bem verdade que muito do universo de código aberto é voluntário, mas o mercado só cresce globalmente, reunindo cada vez mais profissionais experientes e chamando a atenção de grandes empresas. A diferença é que, por não gerar custos em torno da licença, o mercado de código aberto gera maior valor no conhecimento, com investimentos em serviço e formação. Existem algumas formas clássicas de capitalização de trabalhos open source, como por exemplo:
  • Doações: alguns projetos open source servem a um propósito muito forte, o que faz com que pessoas – técnicas ou não – se mobilizem em torno da causa, contribuindo com doações em dinheiro. As plataformas de financiamento coletivo estão repletas de projetos incríveis que alcançaram seus objetivos financeiros para serem desenvolvidos.

  • Desenvolvendo para grandes empresas: é bastante comum que grandes empresas adaptem softwares open source para suas necessidades ou até mesmo internalizem algumas iniciativas. Com a entrada de companhias maiores nesse mercado, a tendência é que tenhamos cada vez mais código aberto dentro de grandes organizações, o que movimenta muito a comunidade financeiramente.

  • Conhecimento: o mercado de open source movimenta muito investimento em conhecimento. Linguagens e softwares open source abrem espaço para aulas, consultorias e demais serviços. Não se paga licença, mas se vê alto valor na aplicação da tecnologia dentro do conhecimento.

Nossos principais projetos open source.

Como falamos ali em cima, a OKBr atualmente conta com várias iniciativas open source prontinhas para receber participação. Confira algumas delas:

Serenata de Amor

Linguagens utilizadas: Python (e HTML/CSS com Jekyll). O que o projeto entrega: inteligência artificial para auditoria de gastos com a cota parlamentar. Como contribuir: o Serenata possui três grandes repositórios: o principal, o website e o tool box. No primeiro, é possível contribuir com a Rosie, inteligência artificial que analisa os gastos públicos, melhorando sua performance, e em outras diversas tarefas essenciais para o funcionamento do projeto. Nesse repositório está também o Jarbas, que é nosso painel de visualização desses dados todos.

Perfil Político

Linguagens utilizadas: Python (com Django na API) e Javascript (com D3 no frontend). O que o projeto entrega: perfis detalhados de todos os candidatos a cargos eleitorais no Brasil. Como contribuir: o Perfil possui três repositórios: o principal (API) e o de frontend. O primeiro é um prato cheio para jornalistas de dados: ali são coletadas, tratadas e organizados em um banco de dados único informações de candidatos a diversos cargos, vários deles eleitos, prontos para serem analisadas. O frontend, por sua vez, traz a parte visual, oferecendo uma melhor usabilidade e apresentação dos dados a partir da nossa API. O Perfil é mais um projeto aberto para diferentes perfis profissionais que queiram contribuir.

Vítimas da intolerância

Linguagens utilizadas: Python (com Sanic) O que o projeto entrega: mapeamento de casos de violência com fundo político.   Como contribuir: no repositório do Vítimas é possível conferir todo o código e todos os casos levantados até agora, onde os contribuidores podem adicionar, analisar e melhorar a leitura de dados desenvolvida até agora.

Queremos Saber

Linguagens utilizadas: Python (Django) O que o projeto entrega: possibilidade de fazer pedidos de informação dentro da lei sem revelar sua identidade.   Como contribuir: acesse o repositório do Queremos Saber no GitHub e veja a lista de tarefas em aberto. Em especial, as marcadas como “good first issue” são as que consideramos boas para alguém que ainda está se familiarizando com o código-fonte.

 

Querido Diário

Linguagens utilizadas: Python O que o projeto entrega: raspagem e análise de dados de compras emitidas nos diários oficiais municipais. Como contribuir: os diários oficiais mudam bastante e o Brasil é um país com milhares de municípios. Quem entrar no repositório do Querido Diário encontra tarefas e a documentação necessária para atuar com dados no seu município e fazer a sua parte pelo controle social no país. Por que não criamos uma grande rede e contemplamos o Brasil todo com essa tecnologia? Participe de iniciativas open source. Contribua com os nossos projetos e faça parte da comunidade. Se você não é da parte técnica e quer ajudar a manter os nossos projetos, pode contribuir com o apoia.se/serenata.   Flattr this!

Paterson’s Roads (1826 edtion)

- January 16, 2019 in 19th-century google street view, Index, maps, roads, transport, travel

Perhaps the closest thing the 19th century ever got to Google Street View, a book to guide the journeyer along the major roads of England and Wales.

Paterson’s Roads (1826 edtion)

- January 16, 2019 in 19th-century google street view, Index, maps, roads, transport, travel

Perhaps the closest thing the 19th century ever got to Google Street View, a book to guide the journeyer along the major roads of England and Wales.

What’s beyond democracy? Join our Social Innovation for Systems Change Finland group

- January 16, 2019 in Featured, Social Innovation for Systems Change Finland

Are you trying to transform a social system? What do you need in order to become more successful in your change efforts? We warmly invite you – social innovator, designer, activist, public official or other world changer – to a network of conversation around responding to complex social challenges. Our intention is to bring together people who want to apply design methods, systems thinking and collaborative approaches to systems change. Whether you’ve already done that successfully or keep bumping into obstacles, come deepen your network, share your experiences and talk about how we might collectively become more effective at changing the systems we want to see flourish. Open Knowledge Finland’s Social Innovation for Systems Change Finland group focuses on creating an Open Society and what should come together to enable one. Tags include but are not restricted to: #openinnovation #participation #systemsthinking #opendata etc. Want to join in? Check the web page: https://socinn.fi
Join #socinnfi on Slack: https://okfi.slack.com/messages/CD68D0X8A/
Join the Facebook group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/SocInnFI/ The post What’s beyond democracy? Join our Social Innovation for Systems Change Finland group appeared first on Open Knowledge Finland.

What data counts in Europe? Towards a public debate on Europe’s high value data and the PSI Directive

- January 16, 2019 in Open Government Data, Open Standards, Policy, research

This blogpost was co-authored by Danny Lämmerhirt and Pierre Chrzanowski (*author note at the bottom) January 22 will mark a crucial moment for the future of open data in Europe. That day, the final trilogue between European Commission, Parliament, and Council is planned to decide over the ratification of the updated PSI Directive. Among others, the European institutions will decide over what counts as ‘high value’ data. What essential information should be made available to the public and how those data infrastructures should be funded and managed are critical questions for the future of the EU. As we will discuss below, there are many ways one might envision the collective ‘value’ of those data. This is a democratic question and we should not be satisfied by an ill and broadly defined proposal. We therefore propose to organise a public debate to collectively define what counts as high value data in Europe.

What does PSI Directive say about high value datasets?  

The European Commission provides several hints in the current revision of the PSI Directive on how it envisions high value datasets. They are determined by one of the following ‘value indicators’:
  • The potential to generate significant social, economic, or environmental benefits,
  • The potential to generate innovative services,
  • The number of users, in particular SMEs,  
  • The revenues they may help generate,  
  • The data’s potential for being combined with other datasets
  • The expected impact on the competitive situation of public undertakings.
Given the strategic role of open data for Europe’s Digital Single Market, these indicators are not surprising. But as we will discuss below, there are several challenges defining them. Also, there are different ways of understanding the importance of data. The annex of the PSI Directive also includes a list of preliminary high value data, drawing primarily from the key datasets defined by Open Knowledge International’s (OKI’s) Global Open Data Index, as well as the G8 Open Data Charter Technical Annex. See the proposed list in the table below. List of categories and high-value datasets:
Category Description
1. Geospatial Data Postcodes, national and local maps (cadastral, topographic, marine, administrative boundaries).
2. Earth observation and environment Space and situ data (monitoring of the weather and of the quality of land and water, seismicity, energy consumption, the energy performance of buildings and emission levels).
3. Meteorological data Weather forecasts, rain, wind and atmospheric pressure.
4. Statistics National, regional and local statistical data with main demographic and economic indicators (gross domestic product, age, unemployment, income, education).
5. Companies Company and business registers (list of registered companies, ownership and management data, registration identifiers).
6. Transport data Public transport timetables of all modes of transport, information on public works and the state of the transport network including traffic information.
  According to the proposal, regardless of who provide them, these datasets shall be available for free, machine-readable and accessible for download, and where appropriate, via APIs. The conditions for re-use shall be compatible with open standard licences.

Towards a public debate on high value datasets at EU level

There has been attempts by EU Member States to define what constitutes high-value data at national level, with different results. In Denmark, basic data has been defined as the five core information public authorities use in their day-to-day case processing and should release. In France, the law for a Digital Republic aims to make available reference datasets that have the greatest economic and social impact. In Estonia, the country relies on the X-Road infrastructure to connect core public information systems, but most of the data remains restricted. Now is the time for a shared and common definition on what constitute high-value datasets at EU level. And this implies an agreement on how we should define them. However, as it stands, there are several issues with the value indicators that the European Commission proposes. For example, how does one define the data’s potential for innovative services? How to confidently attribute revenue gains to the use of open data? How does one assess and compare the social, economic, and environmental benefits of opening up data? Anyone designing these indicators must be very cautious, as metrics to compare social, economic, and environmental benefits may come with methodical biases. Research found for example, that comparing economic and environmental benefits can unfairly favour data of economic value at the expense of fuzzier social benefits, as economic benefits are often more easily quantifiable and definable by default. One form of debating high value datasets could be to discuss what data gets currently published by governments and why. For instance, with their Global Open Data Index, Open Knowledge International has long advocated for the publication of disaggregated, transactional spending figures. Another example is OKI’s Open Data For Tax Justice initiative which wanted to influence the requirements for multinational companies to report their activities in each country (so-called ‘Country-By-Country-Reporting’), and influence a standard for publicly accessible key data.   A public debate of high value data should critically examine the European Commission’s considerations regarding the distortion of competition. What market dynamics are engendered by opening up data? To what extent do existing markets rely on scarce and closed information? Does closed data bring about market failure, as some argue (Zinnbauer 2018)? Could it otherwise hamper fair price mechanisms (for a discussion of these dynamics in open access publishing, see Lawson and Gray 2016)? How would open data change existing market dynamics? What actors proclaim that opening data could purport market distortion, and whose interests do they represent? Lastly, the European Commission does not yet consider cases of government agencies  generating revenue from selling particularly valuable data. The Dutch national company register has for a long time been such a case, as has the German Weather Service. Beyond considering competition, a public debate around high value data should take into account how marginal cost recovery regimes currently work.

What we want to achieve

For these reasons, we want to organise a public discussion to collectively define
  1. i) What should count as a high value datasets, and based on what criteria,
  2. ii) What information high value datasets should include,
  3. ii) What the conditions for access and re-use should be.
The PSI Directive will set the baseline for open data policies across the EU. We are therefore at a critical moment to define what European societies value as key public information. What is at stake is not only a question of economic impact, but the question of how to democratise European institutions, and the role the public can play in determining what data should be opened.

How you can participate

  1. We will use the Open Knowledge forum as main channel for coordination, exchange of information and debate. To join the debate, please add your thoughts to this thread or feel free to start a new discussion for specific topics.
  2. We gather proposals for high value datasets in this spreadsheet. Please feel free to use it as a discussion document, where we can crowdsource alternative ways of valuing data.
  3. We use the PSI Directive Data Census to assess the openness of high value datasets.
We also welcome any reference to scientific paper, blogpost, etc. discussing the issue of high-value datasets. Once we have gathered suggestions for high value datasets, we would like to assess how open proposed high-value datasets are. This will help to provide European countries with a diagnosis of the openness of key data.     Author note: Danny Lämmerhirt is senior researcher on open data, data governance, data commons as well as metrics to improve open governance. He has formerly worked with Open Knowledge International, where he led its research activities, including the methodology development of the Global Open Data Index 2016/17. His work focuses, among others, on the role of metrics for open government, and the effects metrics have on the way institutions work and make decisions. He has supervised and edited several pieces on this topic, including the Open Data Charter’s Measurement Guide. Pierre Chrzanowski is Data Specialist with the World Bank Group and a co-founder of Open Knowledge France local group. As part of his work, he developed the Open Data for Resilience Initiative (OpenDRI) Index, a tool to assess the openness of key datasets for disaster risk management projects. He has also participated in the impact assessment prior to the new PSI Directive proposal and has contributed to the Global Open Data Index as well as the Web Foundation’s Open Data Barometer.

Open Knowledge Foundation Deutschland 2019-01-15 15:39:15

- January 15, 2019 in Uncategorized

Yesterday we launched „Pot Secret“ („Topf Secret“ in German) - a platform against secrecy at food authorities. Consumers can use this platform to obtain the results of hygiene controls in restaurants, bakeries, supermarkets and other food-processing businesses. Together with our partners at foodwatch, we created a platform that enables all people to quickly and easily send pre-formulated freedom of information requests about businesses to the relevant authorities. „Pot Secret“ is based on a map that displays all businesses related to food that can be found in Open Street Maps. Users can select any establishment - from restaurants to bakeries to petrol stations - via a search function or by clicking on a road map. All users need to do is enter their name, e-mail and postal address, which will be sent to one of the matching regional authority together with a prepared text. We need a Transparency Law With the campaign, we not only want to make it possible for citizens to exercise their right to information.We want to pressure the government to enact proactive transparency laws on food safety. So far, most of the results of hygiene controls have been kept secret. Federal Nutrition Minister Julia Klöckner must create the legal basis for a transparency system such as that in Denmark, Wales or Norway. All the results of official food inspection are published there, on the Internet and directly at the shop door. So far, our campaign has shown how big public interest in hygiene transparency is: More than 4,500 requests were filed in the first 24 hours of the campaign already. Take part in the campaign (in German) →

Pot Secret – Freeing thousands of Food Hygiene Reports

- January 14, 2019 in Uncategorized

Yesterday we launched „Pot Secret“ („Topf Secret“ in German) - a platform against secrecy at food authorities. Consumers can use this platform to obtain the results of hygiene controls in restaurants, bakeries, supermarkets and other food-processing businesses. Together with our partners at foodwatch, we created a platform that enables all people to quickly and easily send pre-formulated freedom of information requests about businesses to the relevant authorities. „Pot Secret“ is based on a map that displays all businesses related to food that can be found in Open Street Maps. Users can select any establishment - from restaurants to bakeries to petrol stations - via a search function or by clicking on a road map. All users need to do is enter their name, e-mail and postal address, which will be sent to one of the matching regional authority together with a prepared text.

We need a Transparency Law

With the campaign, we not only want to make it possible for citizens to exercise their right to information.We want to pressure the government to enact proactive transparency laws on food safety. So far, most of the results of hygiene controls have been kept secret. Federal Nutrition Minister Julia Klöckner must create the legal basis for a transparency system such as that in Denmark, Wales or Norway. All the results of official food inspection are published there, on the Internet and directly at the shop door. So far, our campaign has shown how big public interest in hygiene transparency is: More than 4,500 requests were filed in the first 24 hours of the campaign already. Take part in the campaign (in German) →