Frictionless Data and FAIR Research Principles

Serah Rono - August 14, 2018 in Data Package, Frictionless Data

In August 2018, Serah Rono will be running a Frictionless Data workshop in CopenHagen, congregated by the Danish National Research Data Management Forum as part of the FAIR Across project. In October 2018, she will also run a Frictionless Data workshop at FORCE11 in Montreal, Canada. Ahead of the two workshops, and other events before the close of 2018, this blog post discusses how the Frictionless Data initiative aligns with FAIR research principles. An integral part of evidence-based research is gathering and analysing data, which takes time and often requires skill and specialized tools to aid the process. Once the work is done, reproducibility requires that research reports be shared with the data and software from which insights are derived and conclusions are drawn, if at all.  Widely lauded as a key measure of research credibility, reproducibility also makes a bold demand for openness by default in research, which in turn fosters collaboration. FAIR (findability, accessibility, interoperability and reusability) research principles are central to the open access and open research movements.
FAIR Guiding Principles precede implementation choices, and do not suggest any specific technology, standard, or implementation-solution; moreover, the Principles are not, themselves, a standard or a specification. They act as a guide to data publishers and stewards to assist them in evaluating whether their particular implementation choices are rendering their digital research artefacts Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable.”

Wilkinson, M. D. et al. The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship. Sci. Data3:160018 doi: 10.1038/sdata.2016.18 (2016)

Data Packages in Frictionless Data as an example of FAIRness

Our Frictionless Data project aims to make it effortless to transport high quality data among different tools & platforms for further analysis. The Data Package format is at the core of Frictionless Data, and it makes it possible to package data and attach contextual information to it before sharing it.

An example data package

Data packages are nothing without the descriptor file. This descriptor file is made available in a machine readable format, JSON, and holds metadata for your collection of resources, and a schema for your tabular data.


In Data Packages, pieces of information are called resources. Each resource is referred to by name and has a globally unique identifier, with the provision to reference remote resources by URLs. Resource names and identifiers are held alongside other metadata in the descriptor file.


Since metadata is held in the descriptor file, it can be accessed separately from associated data. Where resources are available online – in an archive or data platform – sharing the descriptor file only is sufficient and data provenance is guaranteed for all associated resources.


The descriptor file is saved as a JSON file, a machine-readable format that can be processed with great ease by many different tools during data analysis. The descriptor file uses accessible and shared language, and has provision to add descriptions, and information on sources and contributors for each resource, which makes it possible to link to other existing metadata and guarantee data provenance. It is also very extensible, and can be expanded to accommodate additional information as needed.


Part of the metadata held in a data package includes licensing and author information, and has a requirement to link back to original sources thus ensuring data provenance. This serves as a great guide for users interested in your resources. Where licensing allows for resources to be archived on different platforms, this means that regardless of where users access this data from, they will be able to trace back to original sources of the data as needed. For example, all countries of the world have unique codes attached to them. See how the Country Codes data package is represented on two different platforms:  GitHub, and on DataHub. With thanks to SLOAN Foundation for the new Frictionless Data For Reproducible Research grant, we will be running deep dive workshops to expound on these concepts and identify areas for improvement and collaboration in open access and open research. We have exciting opportunities in store, which we will announce in our community channels over time.

Bonus readings

Here are some of the ways researchers have adopted Frictionless Data software in different domains over the last two years:
  • The Cell Migration and Standardisation Organisation (CMSO) uses Frictionless Data specs to package cell migration data and load it into Pandas for data analysis and creation of visualizations. Read more.
  • We collaborated with Data Management for TEDDINET project (DM4T) on a proof-of-concept pilot in which we used Frictionless Data software to address some of the data management challenges faced by DM4T. Read more.
  • Open Power System Data uses Frictionless Data specifications to avail energy data for analysis and modeling. Read more.
  • We collaborated with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory – Active Data Biology and explored use of Frictionless Data software to generate schema for tabular data and check validity of metadata stored as part of a biological application on GitHub. Read more.
  • We collaborated with the UK Data service and used Frictionless Data software to assess and report on data quality, and made a case for generating visualisations with ensuing data and metadata. Read more.
Our team is also scheduled to run Frictionless Data workshops in the coming months:
  • In CopenHagen, congregated by the Danish National Research Data Management Forum as part of the FAIR Across project, in August 2018.
  • In Montreal, Canada, at FORCE11 between October 10 and 12, 2018. See the full program here and sign up here to attend the Frictionless Data workshop.

New research to map the diversity of citizen-generated data for sustainable development

Danny Lämmerhirt - August 13, 2018 in citizen data, citizen generated data, research

We are excited to announce a new research project around citizen-generated data and the UN data revolution. This research will be led by Open Knowledge International in partnership with King’s College London and the Public Data Lab to develop a vocabulary for governments to navigate the landscape of citizen-generated data. This research elaborates on past work which explored how to democratise the data revolution, how citizen and civil society data can be used to advocate for changes in official data collection, and how citizen-generated data can be organised to monitor and advance sustainability. It is funded by the United Nations Foundation and commissioned by the Task Team on Citizen Generated Data which is hosted by the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data (GPSDD). Our research seeks to develop a working vocabulary of different citizen-generated data methodologies. This vocabulary shall highlight clear distinction criteria between different methods, but also point out different ways of thinking about citizen-generated data. We hope that such a vocabulary can help governments and international organisations attend to the benefits and pitfalls of citizen-generated data in a more nuanced way and will help them engage with citizen-generated data more strategically.

Why this research matters

The past decades have seen the rise of many citizen-generated data projects. A plethora of concepts and initiatives use citizen-generated data for many goals, ranging from citizen science, citizen sensing and environmental monitoring to participatory mapping, community-based monitoring and community policing. In these initiatives citizens may play very different roles (from assigning the role of mere sensors, to enabling them to shape what data gets collected). Initiatives may differ in the  media and technologies used to collect data, in the ways stakeholders are engaged with partners from government or business, or how activities are governed to align interests between these parties.

Air pollution monitoring devices used as part of Citizen Sense pilot study in New Cross, London (image from Changing What Counts report)

Likewise different actors articulate the concerns and benefits of CGD in different ways. Scientific and statistical communities may be concerned about data quality and interoperability of citizen-generated data whereas a community centered around the monitoring of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) may be more concerned with issues of scalability and the potential of CGD to fill gaps in official data sets. Legal communities may consider liability issues for government administrations when using unofficial data,, whilst CSOs and international development organisations may want to know what resources and capacities are needed to support citizen-generated data and how to organise and plan projects. In our work we will address a range of questions including: What citizen-generated data methodologies work well, and for what purposes? What is the role of citizens in generating data, and what can data “generation” look like? How are participation and use of citizen data organised? What collaborative models between official data producers/users and citizen-generated data projects exist? Can citizen-generated data be used alongside or incorporated into statistical monitoring purposes, and if so, under what circumstances? And in what ways could citizen-generated data contribute to regulatory decision-making or other administrative tasks of government? In our research we will
  • Map existing literature, online content and examples of projects, practices and methods associated with the term “citizen generated data”;
  • Use this mapping to solicit for input and ideas on other kinds of citizen-generated data initiatives as well as other relevant literatures and practices from researchers, practitioners and others;
  • Gather suggestions from literature, researchers and practitioners about which aspects of citizen-generated data to attend to, and why;
  • Undertake fresh empirical research around a selection of citizen-generated data projects in order to explore these different perspectives.

Visual representation of the Bushwick Neighbourhood, geo-locating qualitative stories in the map (left image), and patterns of land usage (right image) (Source: North West Bushwick Community project)

Next steps

In the spirit of participatory and open research, we invite governments, civil society organisations and academia to share examples of citizen-generated data methodologies, the benefits of using citizen-generated data and issues we may want to look into as part of our research. If you’re interested in following or contributing to the project, you can find out more on our forum.

Help us find the world’s electoral boundaries!

Georgie Burr - August 7, 2018 in #mysociety, Open Data Census, open data survey, open politics, politics

mySociety and Open Knowledge International are looking for the digital files that hold electoral boundaries, for every country in the world — and you can help.  Yeah, we know — never let it be said we don’t know how to party. But seriously, there’s a very good reason for this request. When people make online tools to help citizens contact their local politicians, they need to be able to match users to the right representatives. So head on over to the Every Boundary survey and see how you can help — or read on for a bit more detail.

Image credit: Sam Poullain

Data for tools that empower citizens

If you’ve used mySociety’s sites TheyWorkForYou — or any of the other parliamentary monitoring sites we’ve helped others to run around the world — you’ll have seen this matching in action. Electoral boundary data is also integral in campaigning and political accountability,  from Surfers against Sewage’s ‘Plastic Free Parliament’ campaign, to Call your Rep in the US. These sites all work on the precept that while people may not know the names of all their representatives at every level — well, do you? — people do tend to know their own postcode or equivalent. Since postcodes fall within boundaries, once both those pieces of information are known, it’s simple to present the user with their correct constituency or representative. So the boundaries of electoral districts are an essential piece of the data needed for such online tools.  As part of mySociety’s commitment to the Democratic Commons project, we’d like to be able to provide a single place where anyone planning to run a politician-contacting site can find these boundary files easily.

And here’s why we need you

Electoral boundaries are the lines that demarcate where constituencies begin and end. In the old days, they’d have been painstakingly plotted on a paper map, possibly accessible to the common citizen only by appointment. These days, they tend to be available as digital files, available via the web. Big step forward, right? But, as with every other type of political data, the story is not quite so simple. There’s a great variety of organisations responsible for maintaining electoral boundary files across different countries, and as a result, there’s little standardisation in where and how they are published.

How you can help

We need the boundary files for 231 countries (or as we more accurately — but less intuitively — refer to them, ‘places’), and for each place we need the boundaries for constituencies at national, regional and city levels. So there’s plenty to collect. As we so often realise when running this sort of project, it’s far easier for many people to find a few files each than it would be for our small team to try to track them all down. And that, of course, is where you come in. Whether you’ve got knowledge of your own country’s boundary files and where to find them online, or you’re willing to spend a bit of time searching around, we’d be so grateful for your help. Fortunately, there’s a tool we can use to help collect these files — and we didn’t even have to make it ourselves! The Open Data Survey, first created by Open Knowledge International to assess and display just how much governmental information around the world is freely available as open data, has gone on to aid many projects as they collect data for their own campaigns and research. Now we’ve used this same tool to provide a place where you can let us know where to find that electoral boundary data we need. Start here  — and please feel free to get in touch if anything isn’t quite clear, or you have any general questions. You might want to check the FAQs first though! Thanks for your help — it will go on to improve citizen empowerment and politician accountability throughout the world. And that is not something everyone can say they’ve done.

Food Data Preparation Expedition!

nikki - August 7, 2018 in Uncategorized

Learn to work with open data and help to prepare resources for the upcoming Open Food Data x Smart Kitchen Hackdays.

16:00, August 15, 2018 SBB Hauptsitz, Hilfikerstrasse 1 We encourage people of all skill levels to take part in this event facilitated by the School of Data. The workshop will be followed by from 18:30. Whether you are a data connaisseur or beginner, this pre-event is the perfect chance to get ready for a hackathon! Register here:

Rückblick: Open Government Global Summit 2018

Michael Peters - August 6, 2018 in Uncategorized

Beim „5. Open Government Global Summit 2018” der Open Government Partnership (OGP) in Tiflis tauschten sich vom 17. bis 19. Juli etwa 2000 Teilnehmer aus Regierung, Verwaltung und Zivilgesellschaft aus über 75 Ländern aus. Die Schwerpunkte der diesjährigen Konferenz lagen auf Korruptionsbekämpfung, bürgerlichem Engagement und der Bereitstellung öffentlicher Dienstleistungen. Die dreitägige Konferenz bot am ersten Tag getrennte Veranstaltungen für die Zivilgesellschaft und Regierungsvertreterinnen, darauf folgten zwei Tage gemeinsamer Summit. Solch große internationale Kongresse können häufig überwältigend sein. Deswegen folgte ich wieder dem Rat einer Kollegin, sich bewusst auf eine Frage zu konzentrieren und sich diese immer wieder zu vergegenwärtigen, für mich war das: Wie kann Open Government dabei helfen, unsere Alltagsprobleme zu lösen?

Inklusion erzeugt bessere Ergebnisse

Der “Civil Society Day” bietet der Open Gov Community den Raum für Austausch, um voneinander zu lernen, zu planen und Kooperationen zu schmieden, welche die kollektive Wirkung der Zivilgesellschaft steigern. Neben klassischen Vorträgen und Podiumsdiskussionen gab es auch Fishbowls, 5-minütige Lightning Talks oder offene Themenzirkel. In der Eröffnung lobte OGP Chief Country Support Paul Maassen, dass die Zivilgesellschaft der Motor hinter den gesellschaftlichen Innovationen sei, appellierte aber gleichzeitig daran stets ehrgeizig und inklusiv bleiben zu müssen. Inklusion ist auch in Deutschland höchst relevant und stand für mich auch am Nachmittag im Fokus. Für die nationalen Aktionspläne der OGP werden stets zivilgesellschaftliche Konsultationen durchgeführt, dabei sind unterschiedliche Gruppen mal mehr oder weniger präsent. Im internationalen Vergleich zeigte sich, dass die systematische Einbeziehung von Jugendlichen verbessert werden muss. Die Zivilgesellschaft in Großbritannien ist hier Vorreiter und arbeitet bei ihren Konsultationen eng mit Organisationen aus der Jugendarbeit zusammen. Auch in der Session zu Feminismus und Open Government ging es um systematische Inklusion. Dabei bot die neue Gender Strategie einen Ausgangspunkt der Diskussion. Die Anzahl der Verpflichtungen in den Aktionsplänen, die sich mit dem systematischen Einbezug von Frauen beschäftigen, ist noch ausbaufähig. Dabei forderte Mor Rubinstein von Open Heroines, dass es nicht nur spezifische Verpflichtungen für Frauen geben soll, sondern dass jede Verpflichtung mit einer feministischen Brille hinterfragt werden sollte. Der kanadische Minister Scott Brison berichtete, dass die gesteigerte Diversität im kanadischen Kabinett die Qualität der dort getroffenen Entscheidungen steigere. Podium

Von offenen Algorithmen zu Nachhaltigkeitszielen

Die nächste Session setzte sich mit dem Verhältnis von Künstlicher Intelligenz, Datenschutz und Open Data auseinander und wie Open Government die Themen den Dialog dazu fördern kann. Es wurde vor allem die fehlende staatliche Regulierung für Algorithmen thematisiert. Ein Lösungsansatz dafür wäre, die Funktionsweise von Algorithmen, die zur öffentlichen Entscheidungsfindung genutzt werden, offenzulegen. So könnte zumindest nachvollzogen werden, welche Daten herangezogen und wie genutzt werden. Offene Algorithmen und Datenquellen würden Transparenz schaffen und fehlerhafte Einträge, zum Beispiel bei Credit-Scorings, erschweren. Mit den Nachhaltigkeitszielen der Vereinten Nationen gibt es bereits eine gemeinsame Zielvorgabe aller Länder, um den weltweiten wirtschaftlichen Fortschritt in Einklang mit sozialer Gerechtigkeit zu bringen und im Rahmen der ökologischen Grenzen des Planeten zu gestalten. Wie diese Ziele durch den Einsatz von Open Government erreicht werden können, war ein weiterer Fokus des Summits. In Schottland, Argentinien und Kolumbien arbeitet die Zivilgesellschaft bereits daran, die Umsetzung dieser Ziele durch die offene Bereitstellung von Informationen und die aktive Einbeziehung von BürgerInnen transparenter und partizipativer zu gestalten. Kann also Open Government dabei helfen, unsere Alltagsprobleme zu lösen? Ja, davon bin ich mittlerweile sehr überzeugt. Open Government ist ein Ansatz, der von einer Problemstellung ausgehend die strukturelle Bereitstellung von Informationen fördert, um mit digitalen und analogen Tools BürgerInnen einzubeziehen. Das funktioniert vor allem dann, wenn die lokal relevanten Themen auf der Agenda stehen und der Umgang damit offen abläuft. Das heißt, dass Behörden und Politiker nicht erst nach Erarbeitung eines Lösungsvorschlags die Öffentlichkeit beteiligen, sondern direkt nach der Identifikation des Problems mit Betroffenen sprechen und gemeinsam Lösungswege eruieren. Mehr Informationen zu Deutschland in der Open Government Partnership und wie Sie sich engagieren können, finden sie hier.

Mitmachen bei «Bärn Häckt»

nikki - August 5, 2018 in Bern, event

mit Open Data und KI die Arbeit von Stiftungen erleichtern!

Vom 24. bis 26. August 2018 findet die zweite Ausführung von BärnHäckt statt. Es gilt eine ganze Reihe von spannenden Challenges zu rocken, resp. zu hacken. Beispielsweise hat die Eidgenössische Stiftungsaufsicht bei BärnHäckt eine spannende Herausforderung eingereicht: Mittels Open Data und KI soll die Berichterstattung der Stiftungen und Revisionsstellen sowie die Aufsichtsfunktion der Stiftungsaufsicht so weit wie möglich automatisiert werden. Es geht darum, mit den verfügbaren Datenquellen unkonventionelle und überraschende Lösungskonzepte zu entwickeln, damit alle Beteiligten effizienter werden und sich auf das Wesentliche konzentrieren können! Weitere Informationen dazu unter Bei BärnHäckt können alle mitmachen, die sich irgendwo im IT-Umfeld bewegen: Vom Entwickler über den IT-Architekten bis hin zum Business Engineer oder UX-Designer. Die Teilnahme als Hacker ist kostenlos und beinhaltet Verpflegung, Übernachtung auf dem Campus und alles andere, was man während einem Wochenende so braucht. Interessiert? Weitere Informationen und Anmeldung unter  

Ciência de Dados para Inovação Cívica recebe bolsa da Mozilla Research Projects

Isis Reis - August 2, 2018 in acesso à informação, colaboração, Dados Abertos, Destaque, Gastos Abertos, governo, Open Knowledge Brasil, sociedade civil, transparência

No último mês, a Operação Serenata de Amor, que integra nosso programa Ciência de Dados para Inovação Cívica, recebeu apoio da Mozilla Research Projects para avançar no processamento de linguagem natural de alguns de seus principais projetos, como o Querido Diário e o Perfil Político. O Querido Diário faz a captura e análise de diários oficiais dos municípios para compreensão dos casos de dispensa de licitação. Atualmente, está presente em Goiânia e Porto Alegre, e em fase de construção para outros 40 municípios brasileiros. Já o Perfil Político pretende cruzar praticamente todos os bancos de dados públicos e oferecer informação jamais imaginada sobre o comportamento, intenções e histórico dos políticos. Ambos os projetos lidam com textos corridos, por tratar-se da interpretação de diários oficiais, projetos de lei, relatórios e pareceres do legislativo. Na área técnica, esse tipo de trabalho, quando feito por robôs, é chamado de processamento de linguagem natural, também conhecido como PLN. Como a maior parte do que existe em PLN é feito pensando na língua inglesa, as ferramentas com textos em português não são capazes de entregar resultados satisfatórios. O jargão jurídico é outro obstáculo para a interpretação das máquinas.

Com esse desafio em mente, o programa enviou à Mozilla Research Projects um projeto de pesquisa com o título A Brazilian bot to read government gazettes and bills: Using NLP to empower citizens and civic movements (traduzindo para o bom PT-BR: “Um bot brasileiro para ler diários oficiais e contas do governo: usando PLN para empoderar cidadãos e movimentos cívicos), que foi aprovado com uma bolsa.

Em breve, novidades a caminho. Flattr this!

Open Summer of Code is growing beyond the Belgian borders!

Dries van Ransbeeck - August 2, 2018 in belgium, Events, network, OK Belgium, open Summer of code

Authors: Dries van Ransbeek and David Chaves To some of you, Open Summer of Code – also known as osoc – is a name that rings a bell, to others this is a new concept. So, for the latter group: osoc is an originally Belgian summer programme organised by Open Knowledge Belgium which has been around since 2011. Ever since that first summer, osoc has been breathing life into 62 open innovation projects.

More open innovation than ever before

Open Summer of Code is an annual summer programme. Several teams of students have four weeks to give shape to real-life open innovation projects. This July, Open Summer of Code welcomed 74 students who got paid to work on 17 open innovation projects as summer job: a record in osoc’s history. To make this happen, Open Summer of Code partners up with external partners: two examples of this edition were, amongst others, Informatie Vlaanderen and Brussels Mobility. This summer, the 8th edition took place. 17 projects were developed, start to finish, in just one month. Every team consisted of driven multi-disciplinary students and coaches who brainstormed, coded and tested out their applications together. The fruits of their labour were presented at the Demo Day on the 26th of July in Brussels with more than 300 attendees. Find an overview of all osoc18’s projects here:

Open innovation with Open Source and Open Data

Open Summer of Code builds open source applications based on open data, which is data that can be freely (re)used and can be distributed by everyone. Open data has many different uses and brings about innovation time and again. Every single one of the 17 projects benefits our society as a whole. Toon Vanagt, chairman of Open Knowledge Belgium explains: “At osoc, we aim to illustrate the advantages of open data with clear applications in addition to giving an enriching learning experience to motivated students. We pass on the result of that effort to society transparently through open source. Our students work on these innovation projects in small teams and with a deadline. The goal of osoc is to deliver as much functionality as possible at the end of the month. To reach this goal, the teams are supported by experienced coaches. This year, we can count on the support of 24 partners from both government and business sector. In return for their contribution, they submit projects themselves that can be further developed after Open Summer of Code”.

Open Summer of Code goes international

For the first time, this year, osoc turned as international with a parallel event in Spain. A collaboration between the Open Knowledge Belgium and the Ontology Engineering Group (from Universidad Politécnica de Madrid) made possible that during two weeks in July, 8 international students developed 3 innovation projects in the city of Madrid. The three partners for this 1st edition of osoc in Spain were: the innovation department of the pharmaceutical company Lilly, the astronomical observatory of the UPM and the EU project CEF-OASIS. The whole program was celebrated with the support of the open laboratory for innovation project of the Madrid’s council, Medialab-Prado, and similar to the Belgium edition, the outcomes of the project were presented during the Demo Day on the 20th of July with more than 30 external attendees.

What’s next? osoc19 in multiple countries

With its first international edition, Open Summer of Code has put its first steps towards its goal to pursue more international impact. In 2019, it aims to have students making open innovation projects happen across multiple countries. Therefore, it’s looking for local Open Knowledge chapters or other partner organizations who want to take the lead in their country. As Open Knowledge Belgium has 8 years of experience within its team with organizing Open Summer of Code, feel free to drop an email to to get started and receive more information about setting up your local summer programme. Happy summer of open innovation!

More information about Open Summer of Code and this year’s projects:

Open Knowledge International needs a new CEO – Could this be you?

Open Knowledge International - August 1, 2018 in Featured, job, Jobs, Open Knowledge International

The space around us is changing and Open Knowledge International needs a CEO who can help refine our identity and mission in this changing context. We are looking for someone who is entrepreneurial, creative and can work out what open means today, turning our mission into reality. You will be able to harness our activist ethos to deliver the services and products while ensuring the sustainability of the organisation and our mission. As the leader of our organisation, you will be in charge of directing our activities, shaping our fundraising and business development efforts, and nurturing our relationships with our funders, partners and communities, while welcoming and pursuing new opportunities and collaborations for open data. You will translate the open philosophy into concrete streams for our clients and operationalise that vision. You will help our funders, partners and clients understand what open means for them and what standards can do to make that a reality. You might be a senior leader within the open movement, in an organisation that promotes openness or in a data driven environment, with a strong desire and a passion to make a difference and are looking for the right vehicle to make that change. You have experience in operationalising the mission for organisations and are now looking for the opportunity to articulate the vision. Translating that vision in a changing context of user expectations, government and corporate ideologies and politics excites you. For more information on the role, click here.   About us Open Knowledge International (OKI) is a multi-award winning international not-for-profit organisation. We build tools and communities to create, use and share open knowledge — content and data that everyone can use, share, build on, and ultimately make informed decisions as a result. Ours is a mixed business model, undertaking both grant and commercial projects, and fundraising to cover our core work. Partnerships and networks are essential to our impact and we see ourselves as part of a global network of communities, organisations, advocates, government officials and activists. We are supported by a Board of Directors and staff who are passionate about what we do.   Why we do what we do Our world seems to be closing or threatening to close in a whole range of ways. Knowledge is a part of how power plays out, about who can own and use it and make an impact in the world. Open Knowledge International wants to be part of getting that right. OKI, as a part of the broader open movement and network of organisations has been focused on:
  • working with civil society organisations help find value of open data for their mission and work,
  • providing organisations with the tools and skills to effectively use data, and
  • help make government efforts around information sharing responsive to civil society needs.
We believe this is important, this matters; this is necessary for making the world a better place. If you are enthused about our mission and believe you can lead us into the next chapter of our journey, please get in touch.  

The Poetry of Victorian Science

Adam Green - July 26, 2018 in poetry, robert hunt, Science & Medicine, the poetry of science, victorian, victorian england, victorian science

In 1848, the mineralogist, pioneer of photography, and questionable poet Robert Hunt published The Poetry of Science, a hugely ambitious work that aimed to offer a survey of scientific knowledge while also communicating the metaphysical, moral, and aesthetic aspects of science to the general reader. Gregory Tate explores what the book can teach us about Victorian desires to reconcile the languages of poetry and science.