You are browsing the archive for Solomon Mekonnen.

Ethiopia adopts a national open access policy

- October 9, 2019 in ethiopia, Open Access

In September, Ethiopia adopted a national open access policy for higher education institutions. In a guest blog on the EIFL website, Dr Solomon Mekonnen Tekle, librarian at Addis Ababa University Library, organiser of the Open Knowledge Ethiopia group and EIFL Open Access Coordinator in Ethiopia, celebrates the adoption of the policy. This is a repost of the original blog at EIFL (Electronic Information for Libraries) – a not-for-profit organization that works with libraries to enable access to knowledge in developing and transition economy countries in Africa, Asia Pacific, Europe and Latin America. The new national open access policy adopted by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Ethiopia (MOSHE) will transform research and education in our country. The policy comes into effect immediately. It mandates open access to all published articles, theses, dissertations and data resulting from publicly-funded research conducted by staff and students at universities that are run by the Ministry – that is over 47 universities located across Ethiopia. In addition to mandating open access to publications and data, the new policy encourages open science practices by including ‘openness’ as one of the criteria for assessment and evaluation of research proposals. All researchers who receive public funding must submit their Data Management Plans to research offices and to university libraries for approval, to confirm that data will be handled according to international FAIR data principles. (FAIR data are data that meet standards of Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability and Reusabililty.)

EIFL guest blogger, Dr Solomon Mekonnen Tekle: “And now the work begins!”

We will have to adapt quickly!

Our universities and libraries will have to adapt quickly to comply with the new policy. Each university will have to develop an open access policy to suit its own institutional context, and which is also aligned with the national policy. We have a long way to go – at present, only three of the 47 universities that fall under the Ministry (Hawassa, Jimma and Arba Minch universities) have adopted open access policies. The policy requires universities to ensure that all publications based on publicly-funded research are deposited in the National Academic Digital Repository of Ethiopia (NADRE) as well as in an institutional repository, if the university has one. NADRE is supported by MOSHE, and also harvests and aggregates deposits from institutional repositories. Right now, about 13 universities under the Ministry have institutional repositories, but only four are openly available because of policy and technical issues, so there is work to be done.

Ministry support for universities

To speed up and support compliance with the new policy, MOSHE has launched a project in partnership with Addis Ababa University. I am managing the project, and I am very happy to have the support of the Consortium of Ethiopian Academic and Research Libraries (CEARL) through its chairperson, Dr Melkamu Beyene, who has been named chairperson of the project board. We can also draw on the expertise and experience of Iryna Kuchma, Manager of the EIFL Open Access Programme, who serves as an international advisor for the project. The project has just started. It will ensure that all public universities that do not have institutional repositories establish them as soon as possible. The project will also strengthen the Ethiopian Journals Online (EJOL) open access journals platform that currently includes 24 journals and is hosted by Addis Ababa University. And the project will support researchers in making their research available through the EthERNet platform for research data, and through NADRE. There is a strong capacity building component to the project to train repository managers and administrators to manage their new institutional repositories and open access journals.

Positive impact of the new policy

When we first began making research outputs openly available in Ethiopia there was fierce resistance from the academic community who were worried that their work would be plagiarized. But now, researchers and students come to my office in the library and ask for their research to be published in open access so that others, like potential employers, for example, can find and read it. They see the benefits. The main impact of the new policy will be to increase the visibility of Ethiopian research, within the national and international research communities. The quality of our research will improve, because researchers will be able to see and verify each others’ work, and to comment on the integrity of the methodology and results. Practitioners in organizations will have access to our research and will be able to base their work on it and so our research will have real impact. Sharing of research and data through open access will minimize duplication, thereby saving costs, time and effort. The journey to achieving the new policy was long. We began reaching out to MOSHE over three years ago, and they formed a Working Group to draft a national open access policy based on a model that had been developed by CEARL and Addis Ababa University, with support from EIFL. Success resulted from a collective effort by many colleagues and partners. I am proud to have been part of the process and I am now looking forward to working with our partners to achieve full implementation of the policy through the Ministry’s project.

Open Data Day 2018 in Ethiopia and Nigeria

- April 5, 2018 in Open Data Day, open data day 2018, open research data, Open Science

Authors: Bolutife Adisa (Open Switch Africa) and Solomon Mekonnen (Open Knowledge Ethiopia) This blog is part of the event report series on International Open Data Day 2018. On Saturday 3 March, groups from around the world organised over 400 events to celebrate, promote and spread the use of open data. 45 events received additional support through the Open Knowledge International mini-grants scheme, funded by Hivos, SPARC, Mapbox, the Hewlett Foundation and the UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office. The events in this blog were supported through the mini-grants scheme under the Open Science & Open Research Data theme. Two notable events were held in celebration of Open Data Day 2018 in Africa. In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Open Knowledge Ethiopia with the support of Addis Ababa University, Open Knowledge International and SPARC hosted OpenCon 2018 Addis Ababa (a satellite event of the global annual OpenCon meeting). The event brought together 25 participants including students, researchers, academics and Librarians. In Nigeria, Open Data Day 2018 Lagos was organized by Open Switch Africa in partnership with Open Knowledge International, SPARC and the University of Lagos Science Students Association. This event was to further improve and sensitize the community of students researchers, advocates and academics on open data and the adoption of Open Education Resources in Nigeria.

Ethiopia: OpenCon 2018 Addis Abeba

The Open Data Day event in Ethiopia was officially opened by Mr. Mesfin Gezahegn, University Librarian of Addis Ababa University (AAU). He stressed that AAU strongly supports open data initiatives and hosted various workshops and trainings in open data, open access and open science. He also promised that the University will continue supporting open data initiatives in the future. Following the opening, Mr. Solomon Mekonnen of AAU introduced participants to open science concepts with sharing international initiatives related to open science that can also be applied in Ethiopia. The next talk was about open research data by Dr. Melkamu Beyene, Assistant professor at AAU, focusing on the advantages of opening research data and issues to be considered when sharing data. The final presentation for the morning session was by Mr. Mesfin Gezahegn on the role of open data to fight corruption in Ethiopia.

Clockwise from top left: Mesfin Gezahegn, Dr. Mikamu Beyene, panel discussion, Solomon Mekkonen

Following the presentations, a panel discussion was conducted mainly focusing on open science and open research data. Major issues raised included licensing options when sharing research data, policy for open research data, creating awareness on open research data and open science and the role of open data communities in pushing forward the agenda of open science. In the afternoon session, several open science tools were demonstrated to the participants, including Zenodo, re3data, ORCID and the Open Science Framework (OSF). There was also a session for lighting talks which attracted two graduate students to talk about their research projects and get feedback from the participants. Postgraduate students Yemaneberhan Lemma and Olyad Fekede talked about their project on Linked data and Sentiment Analysis respectively connecting with open data. Mr. Michael Melese who is a PhD student at AAU also shared his experience on open science tools to the participants. Finally the event was concluded by a discussion on future activities. It was agreed that the event successfully created awareness on open science and open research data, but it was stressed that there is a need for longer training on these topics to PhD students and early career researchers. It was also suggested that there should be monthly open knowledge Ethiopia community meetups to collaborate on open science issues that are raised in the workshop. The only challenge faced during the workshop, was power failure in the computer laboratory for some time in the middle of running the practical sessions but the participants use their personal laptop and smartphones to continue practicing on open science tools.

Nigeria: Open Data Day 2018 Lagos

The Open Data event in Lagos started with a keynote on open data from Dr Ahmed Ogunlaja, Executive Director of Open Access Nigeria, where he exposed participants to the importance of Open Education Resources, open research data and the current state of openness initiatives in Nigeria. Afterwards, a workshop on open data tools and Creative Commons licenses was led by Mr Kayode Yussuf, tech lead Creative Commons Nigeria. He took attendees through the various open data tools and discussed success stories in the Nigerian open data space. He gave an overview of portals like Wikidata and the Open Science Framework (OSF) and explained all the available open licenses that exist under the Creative Commons platform. The event rounded up with a panel session where both speakers were joined by Mr Adisa Bolutife, Co-founder of Open Switch Africa, to hold an interactive discussion and question and answer segment with the attendees. Community members were able to share their challenges and difficulties in working in the open sphere and were given valuable advice from the members of the panel. Some of the valuable feedback given by the participants were the need for a unified portal for accessing open data in Nigeria, and the need for the Nigerian community to step up to the challenge of making data open in form of linked data. The total number of attendees at the Lagos event was 220, including students, researchers, academics and other professionals who were new to the open data space. It was a successful event and the purpose of the event was achieved because valuable feedback was recorded from the open community which was later presented to the Director of policy and planning at the Federal Ministry of Communications Technology on the 19th of March, 2018 at an Open Data roundtable organised by the Nigerian Government in Lagos, Nigeria. The community hopes to continually update itself on recent open data policy steps that are being taken by the government and periodically share best practices. Both communities were able to achieve their aim in hosting the events. The major similarity between both events was the emphasis on open data tools and its benefits.