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Open Summer of Code is growing beyond the Belgian borders!

Dries van Ransbeeck - August 2, 2018 in belgium, Events, network, OK Belgium, open Summer of code

Authors: Dries van Ransbeek and David Chaves To some of you, Open Summer of Code – also known as osoc – is a name that rings a bell, to others this is a new concept. So, for the latter group: osoc is an originally Belgian summer programme organised by Open Knowledge Belgium which has been around since 2011. Ever since that first summer, osoc has been breathing life into 62 open innovation projects.

More open innovation than ever before

Open Summer of Code is an annual summer programme. Several teams of students have four weeks to give shape to real-life open innovation projects. This July, Open Summer of Code welcomed 74 students who got paid to work on 17 open innovation projects as summer job: a record in osoc’s history. To make this happen, Open Summer of Code partners up with external partners: two examples of this edition were, amongst others, Informatie Vlaanderen and Brussels Mobility. This summer, the 8th edition took place. 17 projects were developed, start to finish, in just one month. Every team consisted of driven multi-disciplinary students and coaches who brainstormed, coded and tested out their applications together. The fruits of their labour were presented at the Demo Day on the 26th of July in Brussels with more than 300 attendees. Find an overview of all osoc18’s projects here: http://2018.summerofcode.be/2018.

Open innovation with Open Source and Open Data

Open Summer of Code builds open source applications based on open data, which is data that can be freely (re)used and can be distributed by everyone. Open data has many different uses and brings about innovation time and again. Every single one of the 17 projects benefits our society as a whole. Toon Vanagt, chairman of Open Knowledge Belgium explains: “At osoc, we aim to illustrate the advantages of open data with clear applications in addition to giving an enriching learning experience to motivated students. We pass on the result of that effort to society transparently through open source. Our students work on these innovation projects in small teams and with a deadline. The goal of osoc is to deliver as much functionality as possible at the end of the month. To reach this goal, the teams are supported by experienced coaches. This year, we can count on the support of 24 partners from both government and business sector. In return for their contribution, they submit projects themselves that can be further developed after Open Summer of Code”.

Open Summer of Code goes international

For the first time, this year, osoc turned as international with a parallel event in Spain. A collaboration between the Open Knowledge Belgium and the Ontology Engineering Group (from Universidad Politécnica de Madrid) made possible that during two weeks in July, 8 international students developed 3 innovation projects in the city of Madrid. The three partners for this 1st edition of osoc in Spain were: the innovation department of the pharmaceutical company Lilly, the astronomical observatory of the UPM and the EU project CEF-OASIS. The whole program was celebrated with the support of the open laboratory for innovation project of the Madrid’s council, Medialab-Prado, and similar to the Belgium edition, the outcomes of the project were presented during the Demo Day on the 20th of July with more than 30 external attendees.

What’s next? osoc19 in multiple countries

With its first international edition, Open Summer of Code has put its first steps towards its goal to pursue more international impact. In 2019, it aims to have students making open innovation projects happen across multiple countries. Therefore, it’s looking for local Open Knowledge chapters or other partner organizations who want to take the lead in their country. As Open Knowledge Belgium has 8 years of experience within its team with organizing Open Summer of Code, feel free to drop an email to dries@openknowledge.be to get started and receive more information about setting up your local summer programme. Happy summer of open innovation!

More information about Open Summer of Code and this year’s projects:

Closing feedback loops for more & better open data in Switzerland

Oleg Lavrovsky - July 10, 2018 in Events, OK Switzerland, Open Data, Switzerland

Last week, the annual open data conference in Switzerland took place in St. Gallen. In this post, Oleg Lavrovsky, activist for Open Knowledge and board member of the Swiss Chapter, shares a look back at the event showcasing the latest developments in the country, with results of the first Open Data Student Awards. For more coverage, photos and links visit Opendata.ch/2018. The #opendatach conference is, for the dedicated, a 24 hour event – starting this year around 6pm on Monday, when Rufus Pollock joined us in Zürich, lasting until 6pm on Tuesday July 3, as a light apéro and quick clean-up closed the doors on the eighth annual gathering of the Swiss Open Knowledge community. A group of organizers and core contributors spent a balmy afternoon perched in the loft at the Impact Hub, debating the state of the nation – which a recent ch.okfn.org blog post recounts – reviewing the recommendations of our Task Force, distributing and discussing the new book. A short night later we were on an early train with Hannes Gassert, checking waypoints over cups of green tea. Finally we arrive on site in St.Gallen, the economic and political center of eastern Switzerland, and host to a modern, internationally renowned University – whose main building was rapidly transformed into our favourite habitat: a burgeoning centre for activism, critical thought and debate.
After quickly saying hello we set to work on setting up the rooms, dodging streams of students rushing to class. In one hacky corner of the event, an unconference showcase sponsored by the local IT community featured 9 projects, submitted through an online platform (hack.opendata.ch), and whose team members were attending the conference. A colorful showcase wall, next to the entrance to the main room where keynotes took place, engendered imaginative discussion, giving participants a chance to find and meet the makers of innovative projects made with open data.

Photo credit: Ernie Deane, CC BY-SA 3.0

You’ll find excellent coverage of the morning’s plenary sessions in the Netzwoche article, highlighting the readiness which our host city St. Gallen demonstrated to support open government data (OGD), sharing a preview of their new open data platform. We learned insights from the cross-border collaboration that has taken place over the past years between the OGD administrations of the cities of St. Gallen and Vienna. Balancing out the mood in the room, we got to hear compelling remarks from a project leader who has so far been frustrated in his attempts to gain funding and political support for his open political data initiative:
“The biggest problem, however, is not the lack of access to data or lack of know-how among those involved. The parliamentary services now provide a good API, so that linking and interpreting various data is feasible. What is lacking above all is sustainability, and in particular sustainable financing.” –Daniel Black, smartmonitor

Keynotes

In the keynote by André Golliez, his upcoming departure from the role as president of Opendata.ch was announced, and he shared his vision for the recently founded Swiss Data Alliance. In this, he strives to make open data a key component of data policy and data infrastructure development in Swiss government and industry. Looking back on how open data has fared in politics since Barack Obama, he expressed worries about the pendulum turning in another direction, and encouraged us not to take things for granted. Hitting closer to home, André spoke about the right to data portability, specifically mentioning revisions to the Swiss Data Protection Act which follow the EU’s GDPR – encouraging our community to get involved in the debate and political process. In our final – much anticipated – morning keynote, Rufus Pollock came on stage to share his renewed vision for openness activism, introducing the main ideas from his new book, The Open Revolution, which he was selling and signing in the conference hall. In Switzerland, we have been keeping close track on developments in the open knowledge movement, influencing our own ongoing organizational transformation as a new generation of activists, policymakers, data wranglers push the project forward. The ideas within the book have been a cause of ceaseless debate for the weeks before the conference, and will surely continue through the summer. Some people complain about seeing the relevance, and we have been enjoying the ensuing debate. Even if Rufus did not manage to convince everyone in the room – if the language barrier, stories from foreign shores, or his radical-common-sense philosophy fail to attract immediate policy or media attention (NB: we eagerly await publication of an interview in the next issue of Das Magazin – follow @tagi_magi), they are certainly leaving a deep impression on our community. 105 copies of the new book distributed at name-your-price along with free digital downloads have put a progressive, challenging text into able hands, and the bold ideas within are helping to reignite and refresh our personal and collective commitment to activism for a fair and sustainable information society.

The workshops

After lunch, we hosted six afternoon workshop tracks (Open Data Startups, Open Smart Cities, Open Data in Science, Linked Open Data, Open Mobility Data, and Blockchain for Open Data), which you can read about, and download presentations from (as well as those of the keynotes), on the conference website. I made a short presentation on Frictionless Data (slides here) in the Science track, which showcased four projects working with, or fostering the development and use of, open data for scientific purposes – and will elaborate a little bit on this workshop here. Marcel Salathé, our workshop lead and a founder of the open foodrepo.org initiative, demonstrated the open data science challenge platform crowdAI developed at EPFL, which connects data science experts and enthusiasts with open data to solve specific problems, through challenges. My talk was about containerization formats for open data, introducing Frictionless Data – which addresses this issue through simple specifications and software – and my work on supporting these standards in the Julia language. Donat Agosti spoke about Plazi, addressing the need of transforming scientific data from publications, books, and other unstructured formats into a persistent and openly accessible digital taxonomic literature. Finally, Rok Roškar introduced the Swiss Data Science Center and its Renku platform, a highly scalable & secure open software platform designed to foster multidisciplinary data (science) collaborations. It was a privilege to take part, and I appreciated the learnings shared and eager discussions. The question came up of how many standardization initiatives it really takes, as well as whether and how improvements to the platform for data sharing really address the fundamental issues in science, and how the open data community can help improve access to high quality experimental data, reproducibility, and collaboration. We are following up on some of these questions already.

Open Data Student Award

And then it was, finally, time to hand over the Open Data Student Award, a project that took months of preparation, three days of 3D printing, hours of nail-bitingly intense jury duty, and only 15 minutes allowed to sum it all up. The jury team – consisting of Prof. Stefan Keller (CH Open), Andreas Amsler (OGD Canton of Zürich) and myself (Opendata.ch) – were impressed with the projects, each truly exemplary.
Every student and supervisor participating this year deserves recognition for making an effort to use, re-publish and to promote open data. In addition to being put on the big screen at the annual conference in St. Gallen and discussed by all the people gathered there, the projects are being given extra attention through community channels.

Congratulations to Jonas Oesch from FHNW Windisch, whose winning project The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Swiss Open Government Data educates readers in an exemplary way about open data, applying open source technical ingenuity and skillful design to a problem that is critical to the open data community.
The open data community is looking for answers to the question of how to better represent the diversity of datasets, putting them into new clothes, so to speak. The hitchhiker’s guide to Swiss Open Government Data is a project that points the way in such a direction.
Details about all the projects can be found on the official announcement. Additionally, we have shared some background and sources of the award open source for you to peruse. We are happy to get feedback and to hear your ideas for where to take the un/conference and award next year! Just drop us a line in the Open Knowledge Switzerland forum.

Wrapping up

As the football match got going that would eventually see our country rather unconvincingly exit the World Cup, we gave the floor to the people doing much of the day-to-day leg work to convince and support data providers to open up their troves to the Swiss public. Jean-Luc Cochard and Andreas Kellerhalls from the Swiss Federal Archives took turns to recap the situation in Switzerland. The OGD strategy for 2019-2023 is being prepared in the Federal Department of Home Affairs, to be ratified by stakeholder departments over the summer. Our association will make a position statement with and on behalf of the user community in the coming months. The presentations demonstrated both a continued commitment to public service, as well as an admission of where we are coming short, an analysis of some of the many roadblocks and challenges technical, political and cultural, that are part of the strategy review. The next 4 years promise renewal, responsibility, and many lessons to apply across the board.

Photo credit: Ernie Deane, CC BY-SA 3.0

We know that not all the actors on the OGD stage are doing a great job, yet – and that to improve the status quo, we need to continue improving awareness and knowledge of the issues. Our role in facilitating cooperation across the digital divide and improving data literacy in Switzerland will be an important stepping stone to future success. Pointing the way to such opportunities was the final keynote of the day, from Walter Palmetshofer (@vavoida), who joined us for the whole 24 hour marathon, and helped to end our conference with a bright acknowledgement of public interest: in good sportsmanship, international cooperation, and sustainable projects to build THINGS THAT MATTER. Walter shared with us the most interesting results, learnings and statistics from the first highly successful years of the Open Data Incubator Europe (ODINE), and let us take home tantalizing glimpses into 57 inspiring startups – each of which could well be at home in Switzerland, to each of which we should be keen to open data, open doors, and learn from.

Suomi digitaalisten henkilötietojen edelläkävijäksi – maailman johtavat asiantuntijat Helsingissä elokuussa

Open Knowledge Finland - July 4, 2018 in data protection, Events, Featured, human-centered approach, My Data, mydata, omadata, personal-data, privacy

Palvelujen digitalisoituminen on synnyttänyt kasvavan määrän henkilötietojen kertymistä eri palveluntarjoajille. Samaan aikaan kuluttajien luottamus henkilötietojen asialliseen käyttöön on heikentynyt.

Suomalaiset asiantuntijat, aktivistit ja yritykset ovat eturintamassa kehittämässä tulevaisuuden mallia digitaalisten henkilötietojen hallintaan. Tavoitteena on rakentaa maailmanlaajuinen toimintamalli, jossa yksilö voi itse määritellä millaisin ehdoin hänen tietojaan käytetään. Reilu datatalous hyödyttää kaikkia ja avaa uusia mahdollisuuksia eettisesti kestävään liiketoimintaan.

Liikenne- ja viestintäministeriön tänään julkaisema raportti (https://www.lvm.fi/-/suomi-toimii-omadata-mallin-suunnannayttajana-980281), Sitran IHANⓇ-hanke ja elokuussa Helsingin Kulttuuritalolla järjestettävä MyData 2018 -konferenssi vievät maailmanlaajuisten yhteisten pelisääntöjen kehittämistä aimo harppauksen eteenpäin.

”Toukokuussa 2018 voimaan astunut EU:n tietosuoja-asetus GDPR on merkittävä askel oikeaan suuntaan. Tämä asetus ei kuitenkaan yksin riitä takaamaan oikeudenmukaista tietoyhteiskuntaa tai ruokkimaan innovatiivista liiketoimintaa ja teknologiaa. Tarvitsemme uusia käytäntöjä ja työkaluja, joilla oikeudet toteutetaan käytännössä. Siksi tarvitsemme MyDataa”, selittää raportin toimittanut Antti Poikola, Aalto-yliopiston tutkija ja yksi kansainvälisen MyData-verkoston perustajista.

MyData on 2010-luvulla syntynyt kansainvälinen ilmiö, uudenlainen ajattelumalli ja tulevaisuuden kuva. Tämän päivän päätöksillä on suuri vaikutus siihen, syntyykö oman datan jakamiseen ja hallintaan yhteisiä standardeja kuten aiemmin rahansiirtoihin pankkien välillä, matkapuheluihin tai sähköpostiin, vai jatkuuko muutaman jätin valta datamarkkinoilla.

MyData 2018 konferenssi pureutuu tietosuoja-asetuksen vaikutuksiin ja tuo alan pioneerit ja teknologiajätit Suomeen

Tietosuoja-asetuksen vaikutuksia yrityksille ja kansalaisille punnitaan elokuussa, kun kolmatta kertaa järjestettävä MyData-konferenssi tuo henkilötiedon ammattilaiset ympäri maailmaa Helsinkiin. Esiintyjäkaartiin kuuluu yli sata kotimaista ja kansainvälistä huippuasiantuntijaa mm. Googlelta, BBC:ltä ja F-Securelta.

”Konferenssiin saapuu arviolta 800 henkilöä yli 30 maasta. Mukana on liike-elämän johtajia, yrittäjiä, teknologian kehittäjiä, juristeja, yhteiskuntatieteilijöitä ja aktivisteja. Keskustelujen aiheina ovat uusi liiketoiminta, tekoälyn ja henkilötiedon etiikka, tietojärjestelmien yhteentoimivuus sekä henkilötiedon yhteiskunnalliset vaikutukset”, kuvailee MyData-konferenssin projektijohtaja Viivi Lähteenoja.

Kulttuuritalolla 29.-31.8.2018 järjestettävän konferenssin pääkumppani on Suomen itsenäisyyden juhlarahasto Sitra. Konferenssin järjestävät Open Knowledge Finland ry ja Aalto yliopisto yhteistyössä ranskalaisen ajatuspajan Fingin kanssa. www.mydata2018.org

Lisätietoja:

Antti ‘Jogi’ Poikola
Ohjelmapäällikkö, MyData 2018
Aalto-yliopisto
jogi@mydata.org +358 44 337 5439
 
Riikka Kämppi
Viestintäpäällikkö, MyData 2018
riikka@mydata.org
+358 40 5729733

www.mydata2018.org

MyData-konferenssi järjestetään kolmatta kertaa 29.-31.8.2018 Helsingin Kulttuuritalolla. Konferenssi on maailmanlaajuisen MyData-verkoston lippulaivatapahtuma, joka kokoaa monialaisen yleisön oppimaan toisiltaan ja rakentamaan toimivaa datataloutta ja reilua tietoyhteiskuntaa.

Open Knowledge Finland ry on vuonna 2012 perustettu yhteisölähtöinen, voittoa tavoittelematon kansalaisjärjestö, joka toimii osana kansainvälistä Open Knowledge -verkostoa. Yhdistys edistää tiedon avoimuutta, avoimen tiedon hyödyntämistä ja avoimen yhteiskunnan kehittymistä.

Aalto-yliopisto on monitieteinen yhteisö, jossa tiede ja taide kohtaavat tekniikan ja talouden.

Fing on riippumaton ranskalainen voittoa tavoittelematon tutkimusorganisaatio, joka löytää, luo ja jakaa uusia ja käytännöllisiä ideoita, jotka ennakoivat digitaalisia muutoksia.

The post Suomi digitaalisten henkilötietojen edelläkävijäksi – maailman johtavat asiantuntijat Helsingissä elokuussa appeared first on Open Knowledge Finland.

CKANconUS and Code for America Summit: some thoughts about the important questions

Oscar Montiel - June 20, 2018 in ckan, code for america, Events, OK US, USA

It’s been a few weeks after CKANConUS and the seventh Code for America Summit took place in Oakland. As always, it was a great place to meet old friends and new faces of technologists, policy experts, government innovators in the U.S. In this blogpost I share some of the experience of attending these two conferences and a few thoughts I’ve been ruminating about the discussions that happened, and more importantly, those that didn’t happen. CKAN is an open source open data portal platform that Open Knowledge International developed several years ago. It has been used and reused by many governments and civil society organizations around the world. For CKANconUS, the OK US group, led by Joel Natividad organized a one day event with different users and implementers of CKAN around the United States. We had the California based LA Counts, gathering data from the 88 cities in the County of Los Angeles; the California Data Collaborative working to improve water management decisions. We also had some interesting presentations from the GreenInfo Network and the California Natural Resources Agency. And we had the chance to hear about the awesome process of the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center to choose CKAN as its platform and how they maintain the project (presentation included LEGOs in every slide). On the more technical side, David Read, Ian Ward and our own Adrià Mercader talked about the new versions of CKAN, the Express Loader and the Technical Roadmap for CKAN, 11 years after its development started. You can view the slides by Adrià Mercader on the CKAN Technical Roadmap overview here. We closed with some great lightning talks about datamirror.org to ensure access to federal research data and Human Centered Design and what Amanda Damewood learned about working in government in improving these processes. The next two days in the Code for America Summit were full of interesting talks about building tools, innovating in our processes and making government work for people in a better way. There were some interesting keynote speakers as well as breakout sessions where we discussed the process to build certain projects and how we can rethink how we engage in our communities. I would like highlight two mainstage talks about collaboration (or the difficulty of such) between government and civil society. The first is a talk and panel about disasters in Puerto Rico, Houston and cities in Florida, where some key points were raised about the importance of having accurate, verifiable and usable information in these cases, as well as the importance of having a network of people who are willing to help their peers. The second is the presentation Code for Asheville presented, regarding their issues with homelessness and police data. This isn’t necessarily what you would call a success story but Sabrah n’haRaven made a great point about working with social issues: “Trust effective communities to understand their own problems”. This may sound like a given in the work we do when working with data and building things with it, but it’s something that we need to keep in mind. Using this line of thought, it seems crucial to keep these conversations going. We need to understand our communities, be aware that there are policies that go against the rights of people to live a fulfilling life and we need to change that. I hope for the next CfA Summit and CKANConUS we can try to find some answers to these questions collectively.

CKANconUS and Code for America Summit: some thoughts about the important questions

Oscar Montiel - June 20, 2018 in ckan, code for america, Events, OK US, USA

It’s been a few weeks after CKANConUS and the seventh Code for America Summit took place in Oakland. As always, it was a great place to meet old friends and new faces of technologists, policy experts, government innovators in the U.S. In this blogpost I share some of the experience of attending these two conferences and a few thoughts I’ve been ruminating about the discussions that happened, and more importantly, those that didn’t happen. CKAN is an open source open data portal platform that Open Knowledge International developed several years ago. It has been used and reused by many governments and civil society organizations around the world. For CKANconUS, the OK US group, led by Joel Natividad organized a one day event with different users and implementers of CKAN around the United States. We had the California based LA Counts, gathering data from the 88 cities in the County of Los Angeles; the California Data Collaborative working to improve water management decisions. We also had some interesting presentations from the GreenInfo Network and the California Natural Resources Agency. And we had the chance to hear about the awesome process of the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center to choose CKAN as its platform and how they maintain the project (presentation included LEGOs in every slide). On the more technical side, David Read, Ian Ward and our own Adrià Mercader talked about the new versions of CKAN, the Express Loader and the Technical Roadmap for CKAN, 11 years after its development started. You can view the slides by Adrià Mercader on the CKAN Technical Roadmap overview here. We closed with some great lightning talks about datamirror.org to ensure access to federal research data and Human Centered Design and what Amanda Damewood learned about working in government in improving these processes. The next two days in the Code for America Summit were full of interesting talks about building tools, innovating in our processes and making government work for people in a better way. There were some interesting keynote speakers as well as breakout sessions where we discussed the process to build certain projects and how we can rethink how we engage in our communities. I would like highlight two mainstage talks about collaboration (or the difficulty of such) between government and civil society. The first is a talk and panel about disasters in Puerto Rico, Houston and cities in Florida, where some key points were raised about the importance of having accurate, verifiable and usable information in these cases, as well as the importance of having a network of people who are willing to help their peers. The second is the presentation Code for Asheville presented, regarding their issues with homelessness and police data. This isn’t necessarily what you would call a success story but Sabrah n’haRaven made a great point about working with social issues: “Trust effective communities to understand their own problems”. This may sound like a given in the work we do when working with data and building things with it, but it’s something that we need to keep in mind. Using this line of thought, it seems crucial to keep these conversations going. We need to understand our communities, be aware that there are policies that go against the rights of people to live a fulfilling life and we need to change that. I hope for the next CfA Summit and CKANConUS we can try to find some answers to these questions collectively.

Open education ecosystem or egosystem?

Javiera Atenas - May 29, 2018 in advisoryboard, Events, Featured, guestpost, oer

Post by Vivien Rolfe: Advisory Board, Open Education Working Grup
Illustration by Bryan Mathers https://bryanmmathers.com/pedagogies-of-disruption-as-resistance/
It is my time to reflect on the April #OER18 conference held in Bristol in the UK superbly organised by the Association of Learning …

Open education ecosystem or egosystem?

Javiera Atenas - May 29, 2018 in advisoryboard, Events, Featured, guestpost, oer

Post by Vivien Rolfe: Advisory Board, Open Education Working Grup
Illustration by Bryan Mathers https://bryanmmathers.com/pedagogies-of-disruption-as-resistance/
It is my time to reflect on the April #OER18 conference held in Bristol in the UK superbly organised by the Association of Learning …

Transparency, algorithms and data

Georgia Panagiotidou - May 24, 2018 in algorithmic transparency, blog, data transparency, Events, International, Open Democracy, travel

Notes from the Data Transparency Lab 2017 in Barcelona

As part of Open Knowledge Finland, I attended the Data Transparency Lab(DTL) Conference in Barcelona last December. Unfortunately I only managed to attend the second day but since the sessions were recorded, I will be watching the rest online soon. Nevertheless, the second day had a lot of interesting talks and people, and I’d thought I’d note here some of the highlights.

The sessions, seemed to have an emphasis on transparency in the times of algorithmic complexity, which was great to listen to, even more so because the topic was covered from multiple angles. It was described from the angles of policy, design, ethics as well as practical demos accordingly in each session. So total the discussions were on a mix of high level discussion as well as practical applications. In this post I’ll try to summarise few of the talks, give some links to the people when possible, and add a few of my own thoughts as well.

The day started with a keynote from Isabella de Michelis from ErnieApp who described their startup’s point of view on companies and personal data. They argue that once users are aware of how they generate value for companies, they would be more willing to shift their permissions to a vendor type relationship rather than a customer one. For example, when owning an IoT connected fridge, a household should be able to get a discount on their electricity bill (since information about the fridge’s contents would be shared eg. to supermarkets for profit). An interesting position for sure, one which could be debated to clash with a later presentation from Illaria Liccardi.

Image from Liccardi’s research on user permission sharing. http://people.csail.mit.edu/ilaria/papers/ShihCHI15.pdf

Illaria Liccardi, as part of the ‘How to foster transparency’ session, presented her research from MIT on how people’s privacy permissions would change on apps they use, depending on the information provided. The results are possibly not as obvious as expected. They actually found that people are much more willing to give permissions for use of their data when no indication of how they will be used is given. However, they are less willing to give permissions to personal data when the reasoning of use is vaguely worded and yet somewhat permissive when there is a more detailed information from the side of the companies. The full research can be found on her page.

These are interesting findings that imply that for the general public to understand and give consent to give out personal data for company profit, there needs to be both an initial motivator from the company side, and also a good balance between sufficient and clear information on it’s use.

Namely, if people are more permissive when knowing less, then it is possible that the path to transparency won’t be as user-driven as expected.

Nozha Boujemaa from DATAIA institute, ( who was also the chair of that session), nicely put it that ‘data-driven does not mean objective’, which is something I can personally imagine myself repeating endlessly, especially in the context of data-driven journalism. A personal favourite entry point to the topic is on feminist data visualisation by Catherine Dignazio, who explainshow data and datasets can be wrongfully coupled with ideas that they are objective or presenting the truth. Nozha Boujemaa also discusses what would computational decision making systems need to be considered transparent. She notes for example that many Machine Learning (ML) algorithms are open sourced yet they are not open-data-ed. Meaning the data they have been trained on are actually proprietary, and since the decisions are actually based on exactly this trained models, then the openness of the algorithms are less useful.

The CNNum, the French national digital council, are actually trying to figure out how to incorporate and implement these principles for accountability in the french regulatory system. Moreover, their approach seemed to be really aware of the environment they are trying to regulate, in terms of diversity, speed of change cycles and they made a good note on the difficulty in actually assessing the impact of power asymmetry caused by algorithms.

Jun Huan (NSF) with the building blocks to model transparency holistically

Jun Huan (NSF) with the building blocks to model transparency holistically. Photo by author.

 

From the Nation Science Foundation (USA), Jun Huan, went a step beyond accountability for algorithmic systems towards their explainability and interpretability. In their research they are creating ways ML systems can identify and therefore indicate when they are actually ‘learning new tasks’ inspired by the human constructivism learning theory. It definitely sounded promising though due to my shallow knowledge on the topic, I am prone to algo-sensationalism!

Simone Fischer-Hubners, professor from Karlstad University, was chairing the session on ‘Discrimination and data Ethics’. She presented real world cases of discrimination and bias, such as the racial discrimination in online ad serving, price discrimination based on operating system used, predictive policing as well as an example case of gender discrimination in bibliometric profiling based on biased input data (women are less likely to self-cite). The last example is especially interesting because it highlights, that when we refer to biased computer decision making systems we tend to refer to the computational side of the system. However as in the example of the bibliometric profiling in academia, women are less likely to self-cite therefore already the ranking carries the initial biased sample of reality.

Julia Stoyanovich explaining why we should asses data science in its whole lifecycle.

Julia Stoyanovich explaining why we should asses data science in its whole lifecycle.

Julia Stoyanovich referred to that we should be assessing the fairness, accountability and transparency throughout the full data science lifecycle in order to be able to make valid conclusions on such systems. Her research with Data Responsibly, is actually centered around this topic as well. Last but not least, Gemma Galdon Clavell from Eticas added their own approach on research and consulting on ethical issues arising from technology and the importance of creating assessment criteria for technologies on society.

DTL actually funds projects globally, many actually awarded to university research groups, to create tools on the theme of data transparency. A part of the sessions was actually devoted exactly to those tools developed during 2017. The demos seemed by majority to be browser add-ons (and an app if I recall correctly ) that inform users on privacy leaks and ad targeting. Relevant topics for sure, though I admit I did catch myself pondering the irony of most privacy related add-ons being developed for Chrome..

The way I see it is that these subjects should eventually be discussed in even more wide audiences since they will affect the majority and in our daily life. It is therefore great to hear the researchers, dedicated circles and organisations who are actively working on these topics first hand.

Keep it open!

The post Transparency, algorithms and data appeared first on Open Knowledge Finland.

MyData-periaatteilla luodaan GDPR:n pykälistä palveluita

Open Knowledge Finland - May 23, 2018 in aalto university, antti poikola, bbc, data ethics, Events, f-secure, Featured, fing, Google, human-centered, ihmiskeskeinen, konferenssi, My Data, mydata, mydata 2018, omadata, projects, viivi lähteenoja

MyData on eettisesti kestävä lähestymistapa henkilötiedon keräämiseen ja käyttöön. MyData 2018 -konferenssi kokoaa maailman johtavat asiantuntijat Helsinkiin 29.-31. elokuuta.

Euroopan unioni näyttää tietä muulle maailmalle yksityisyydensuojan ja digitaalisten oikeuksien edistämisessä, kun EU:n tietosuoja-asetus GDPR astuu voimaan perjantaina 25. toukokuuta.

”Tietosuoja-asetus on merkittävä askel oikeaan suuntaan. Lainsäädäntö yksin ei kuitenkaan riitä takaamaan oikeudenmukaista tietoyhteiskuntaa tai ruokkimaan innovatiivista uutta liiketoimintaa ja teknologiaa. Tarvitaan uusia käytäntöjä ja työkaluja, joilla oikeudet toteutetaan käytännössä. Siksi tarvitsemme MyDataa”, selittää Antti Poikola, Aalto-yliopiston tutkija ja yksi kansainvälisen MyData-verkoston perustajista.

MyDatan keskeinen tavoite on, että ihmiset voisivat paremmin hallita datajälkiä, joita jättävät jälkeensä päivittäin. MyData-periaatteet auttavat kansalaisia hyödyntämään heitä itseään koskevaa tietoa. Siten MyData-malli vahvistaa digitaalisia ihmisoikeuksia ja avaa mahdollisuuksia uudelle, ihmiskeskeiselle ja käyttäjiä kunnioittavalle datataloudelle.

”Verkon villistä lännestä pitää päästä tilanteeseen, jossa eettinen henkilötiedon käyttö on myös yrityksille aina kannattavin toimintatapa”, Poikola korostaa.

MyData-periaatteita toteuttavat palvelut helpottavat käyttäjien arkea hyödyntämällä tietoa useista eri lähteistä. Esimerkiksi aktiivirannekkeista ja ruokaostoksista kertynyttä dataa ja terveystietoa yhdistelemällä voidaan tarjota päivittyvää tilannekuvaa ja räätälöityä neuvontaa.

Jättitapahtuma pureutuu tietosuoja-asetuksen ensivaikutuksiin

Tietosuoja-asetuksen ensivaikutuksia yrityksille ja kansalaisille punnitaan elokuussa, kun kolmatta kertaa järjestettävä MyData-konferenssi tuo henkilötiedon ammattilaiset ympäri maailmaa Helsinkiin. Esiintyjäkaartiin kuuluu yli sata kotimaista ja kansainvälistä huippuasiantuntijaa mm. Googlelta, BBC:ltä ja F-Securelta.

”MyData-konferenssiin arvioidaan saapuvan yli 800 henkilöä yli 30 maasta. Mukana on liike-elämän johtajia, yrittäjiä, teknologian kehittäjiä, juristeja, yhteiskuntatieteilijöitä ja aktivisteja. GDPR:n lisäksi keskiössä ovat uusi liiketoiminta, tekoälyn ja henkilötiedon etiikka, tietojärjestelmien yhteentoimivuus sekä henkilötiedon yhteiskunnalliset vaikutukset”, kuvailee MyData-konferenssin projektijohtaja Viivi Lähteenoja.

Tänä vuonna tapahtuman pääkumppani on Suomen itsenäisyyden juhlarahasto Sitra ja sen järjestävät Open Knowledge Finland ry ja Aalto yliopisto yhteistyössä ranskalaisen ajatuspajan Fingin kanssa.

Lisätietoja:

Viivi Lähteenoja Projektijohtaja, MyData 2018 Open Knowledge Finland ry viivi@mydata.org +358 50 375 8274

Antti ‘Jogi’ Poikola Ohjelmapäällikkö, MyData 2018 Aalto-yliopisto jogi@mydata.org +358 44 337 5439

www.mydata2018.org

MyData-konferenssi järjestetään kolmatta kertaa 29.-31.8.2018 Helsingin Kulttuuritalolla. Konferenssi on maailmanlaajuisen MyData-verkoston lippulaivatapahtuma, joka kokoaa monialaisen yleisön oppimaan toisiltaan ja rakentamaan toimivaa datataloutta ja reilua tietoyhteiskuntaa.

Open Knowledge Finland ry on vuonna 2012 perustettu yhteisölähtöinen, voittoa tavoittelematon kansalaisjärjestö, joka toimii osana kansainvälistä Open Knowledge -verkostoa. Yhdistys edistää tiedon avoimuutta, avoimen tiedon hyödyntämistä ja avoimen yhteiskunnan kehittymistä.

Aalto-yliopisto on monitieteinen yhteisö, jossa tiede ja taide kohtaavat tekniikan ja talouden.

Fing on riippumaton ranskalainen voittoa tavoittelematon tutkimusorganisaatio, joka löytää, luo ja jakaa uusia ja käytännöllisiä ideoita, jotka ennakoivat digitaalisia muutoksia.

The post MyData-periaatteilla luodaan GDPR:n pykälistä palveluita appeared first on Open Knowledge Finland.

Dati e donne. Correlazioni pericolose e soffitti di cristallo

Maurizio Napolitano - May 20, 2018 in bologna, Cultura, donne, Events, geek girls, Open Data, opendataday

Lo scorso 3 marzo in una Bologna innevata per l’ennesima volta, alla vigilia delle elezioni politiche, a pochi giorni di distanza dalla marcia delle donne promossa dal movimento di Non una di meno e in occasione della giornata internazionale dedicata ai dati aperti, una comunità inedita ha promosso il primo di una serie di incontri […]