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Time to get ready for OKCon 2013!

- September 11, 2013 in Geneva, News, OKCon, OKCon 2013, preparations

With less than a week to go until OKCon kicks off in Geneva, we wanted to give you a few last minute tips and reminders before you travel: Getting around in Switzerland: Check out these two sites: SBB for the Swiss railway and the TPG for local public transport. All hotels will provide you with free public transportation passes too! Want to brush up on your knowledge of Switzerland?
It’s a small country, but it has a rich variety of cultures, traditions and languages! Be aware that people might speak any/all of French, German and Italian, but probably also English. If you want to know more, check out this short introduction. keep-calm-and-get-ready-to-travel-1 What to bring: Yourselves, your projects, your ideas, and of course, enthusiasm to meet your fellow open-advocates from across the world! On a more practical note, things to remember:
  • Chargers for your electronic devices
  • A big stack of business cards for all the great people you’re going to meet
  • Swiss Francs (CHF)
  • A coat, or warm clothing – the weather is likely to be between 12-18°C
What to wear: Anything you feel comfortable in. OKCon will be bringing together people from a huge range of backgrounds and professions so there’s likely to be a big mix of dress codes going on! Where to eat: Check out our Restaurant Recommendations What to prepare: Have a good look at the schedule, and make a note of sessions you want to attend. For workshop sessions you need to sign up now! See this blog post on the subject. If while you’re travelling you want to check out the programme, download the PDF version here. Where to be: On Monday, there are workshops in the afternoon and the official opening on Tuesday is at the CICG (Centre Internationale de Conférences de Genève) [map]. It will be open from 8.45 on Monday morning, and the first Keynote speaker will be on at 9am sharp. Get there early to get a good seat to watch Ellen Miller start the festivities for us! How to follow online: The hashtag is #OKCon and you can add your photos to this Flickr group, OKCon 13. . Once the conference kicks off, there will be a Liveblog and livestreaming of the main sessions too! For even more information, check out Practical Information, and our FAQs.

OKCon 2013 Guest Post: Which bar to raise?

- September 11, 2013 in Geneva, Invited Speakers, OKCon, OKCon 2013, open-government

Next up, we have Paul Maassen, who together with Daniel Dietrich and Anders Pedersen will be coordinating the workshop ‘Raising the bar for ambition and quality in OGP: workshop to develop a ‘Civil Society National OGP Review’, to be held on Tuesday 17 September, 14:45 – 16:00 @ Room 5, Floor 3, as part of the Open Data, Government and Governance track. Get in touch with them to book your place!
When asked what makes the Open Government Partnership model different I always mention 3 elements: the guaranteed seat at the table for civil society; the concrete, ambitious commitments made, and the independent monitoring of the process and promises. Two years after the OGP was launched at the UN General Assembly the first set of independent reports are being released. That brings the first cycle for the founding countries to a close. The last 12 months reformers in close to 60 countries have experimented with the OGP process, testing it out as a new tool to deliver change and get more transparency, more accountability and more participation.
Image: Open Development Technology Alliance

Image: Open Development Technology Alliance

Not surprisingly civil society across the globe has been watching OGP closely. Embracing the idea of creating space for reformers, but critically vocal on all three key elements, as well as the criteria to get into the partnership. In ultra short summary: the eligibility threshold is too low with too little criteria; the commitments are not ambitious and the consultations not inclusive and ‘real’ enough. All okay to an extent for the ‘test drive’ of the first action plan cycle, but not for the second round. The team working on the independent reports (IRM team) have worked hard the last couple of months to get their methodology right, find the best researchers, balance the interest of government and civil society. This week the very first report – on South Africa – will be published and the coming weeks 7 more will follow. Hopefully the reports will bring about a dialogue on key learnings, rather than serve as a simple scorecard to praise or denounce national efforts. Solid thinking and resources have been put into this exercise and the reports should push the reviewed countries in the right direction and create fresh energy. Being a critical watchdog is in the DNA of civil society, and holding government to account is one of our ‘raisons d’être’. Does our critical lens prevent us from seeing the upside? If you read the 15 country articles the OGP Civil Society Coordination team produced you will see that there are a lot of positive seedlings. We have heard from colleagues in Georgia, Mexico and Croatia – to name a few – that OGP helped deliver things they had pushed for for a long time. Still, improving the basics and raising the bar seems the right priority at this point, exactly at the moment that the first and second groups of members get evaluated and prepare for their second action plan. Who and how? OGP itself recently approved new rules to define and measure ambitious commitments and will also strengthen the guidance around the civil society-government dialogue. That’s one. Two, the coming months both the OGP itself as well as the Civil Society Coordination Team will create some additional capacity for guidance and support at the national level. Three, the IRM will review its methodology and revise it to collect information early on, to measure ambition and to see where real-time monitoring is feasible. Those improvements are all closely linked to OGP. What can civil society do additionally to monitoring success at the national level? Actors like Access Info Europe and Transparency International are already working on projects to define standards and measurements around open government. Building on that work and that of others civil society could create a new global ‘open government index’ that rates and ranks countries on a wide range of open government aspects. Such an index could be a blend of (elements of) existing indices (i.e. Global Integrity report, Civicus index and rapid assessment on civil society, Web Foundation’s open data index, Open Budget Index, Resource Governance Index), or be build from scratch. A macro approach, setting new levels of ambition for the broader concept of open government, triggering a race to the top by explicitly ranking countries and thus triggering their vanity and competitiveness. A great tool for (media) advocacy, yet time and resource intensive to create. A smaller idea is to create a simple and transparent review methodology to be used by civil society in OGP member countries to assess the quality and the ambition of both the consultation process and the resulting action plan. For each quadrant thus defined a limited set of weighted indicators could be developed that national civil society would assess against. A round of comments by both government and civil society could calibrate the scores. The end result would be a Civil Society National OGP Review simple stating ‘country x gets 4 out of 5 stars for quality of the action plan, 3 out of 5 for the quality of the process.’ If chosen smartly the indicators could be a positive stimulus for responsible government actors to makes changes, improving the national OGP plan and process each iterative round. Personally I feel we might need both – and even more – the coming years to reach the scale of change we all hope for. But we need the second idea as soon as possible. Having a simple review methodology would give a comparable basis across countries for our critique of OGP and the actions of our governments. It would strengthen the case we make. It would help the second round of OGP plans. Let’s use OKCon to start developing the Review Methodology.
Paul Maassen is the civil society coordinator for the Open Government Partnership and in that role supports independent engagement with the OGP in all member countries. He previously worked as Head of Finance and Partnerships for WWF International’ Global Climate & Energy Initiative and with Dutch development organisation Hivos as programme manager for the ICT & Media programme. He was involved in the establishment of the East African citizen agency initiative Twaweza, and attained private sector experience with Dutch telcom company KPN. He holds an MSC in industrial engineering and management.

OKCon 2013 Guest Post: Open governance groups around the world compare local authority finances

- September 9, 2013 in Geneva, Invited Speakers, OKCon, OKCon 2013, Open Knowledge Foundation, Open Spending

This article originally appeared on the Guardian website on 01 August 2013. Marc Joffe will be speaking in the Open Finance and OpenSpending – Workshop on Wednesday 18 September, 14:45 – 16:00 @ Room 7, Floor 2.
Open governance groups around the world compare local authority finances
Council finances are being compared for greater transparency, but a lack of standardised data is holdings things back. We built a website in the US that maps the finances and credit scores of 260 Californian cities. You can click on a town and find out about their revenues and expenditure, debt levels and even retirement plans for staff. California City Credit Scoring The California fiscal transparency project is one example of how open governance initiatives are increasingly being used to compare local authorities, accessing their spending priorities and financial conditions. A similar site exists in Denmark and one will launch in Israel shortly using a new open source software platform. However, projects like this that compare authorities finances face a number of challenges – many of which arise from a lack of standardised, machine-readable data. While corporate financial data analysis is aided by the XBRL standard, there is no analogous standard in the realm of government financial reporting. Our work on California required us to locate and extract data from audited financial reports filed by each city. In virtually all cases, these reports were stored in pdf files, and completing this project required a lot of manual inputting. We got the best results by selecting portions of the pdf to convert within the software. So, would something like this be possible in England? The raw material for such a project is available in abundance. Local councils in England are required to publish audited financial accounts, and typically do so in pdf form. Tax receipts, investments and borrowing data for all councils are published in Excel format by the Department for Communities and Local Government. But it is not certain whether these statistics tie out to the audited financial reports. In California, we found widespread inconsistencies between audited financial reports and standardised data collected by the state controller’s office. The Chartered Institute for Public Finance and Accounts also collects and standardises council financial data, but they sell their compilations for several hundred pounds. The UK is significantly ahead of the US in the area of reporting transactions. In the UK, councils are required to publish all transactions above £500; some voluntarily report smaller transactions. The only problem is that there are varying interpretations of what data is being completed in each field and inconsistency in data formats and field headers. Although transaction reports are supposed to be issued monthly, some councils publish them less frequently. While most councils provide their spending data in machine readable formats, others only provide pdfs. We sent a freedom of information request to East Riding council, asking them to publish their data in comma separated variable (CSV) format instead but the council refused on the basis that the data in the new format might be used fraudulently. Some of the local government transaction data has been aggregated on the Open Knowledge Foundation’s global Open Spending project and at Openly Local. City councils in the US and the UK both publish budgets which include estimates of future spending. In our California project, we initially excluded budgets because budget reporting formats are less consistent than those used in audits (since the latter are governed by accounting standards). However, because budgets are forward looking, citizens find them more interesting. As a result, they have been the focus of the Denmark effort as well as many individual city-level transparency projects such as Open Oakland. In California, the impetus for developing our transparency site was a desire to provide an alternative to credit ratings for assessing the likelihood of municipal bond defaults. In recent years, the state has had a number of high-profile bankruptcies, so investors may require greater transparency before purchasing bonds issued by California cities. We meet this need by running city financial statistics through an open source credit scoring model. UK councils have not accessed the capital markets, but that could be about to change. Before becoming reliant on the credit rating agencies, local leaders may wish to build a transparency platform like the one in California.
Marc Joffe is the principal consultant at Public Sector Credit Solutions and Ian Makgill is the managing director of the Spend Network.

OKCon 2013 Guest Post: Connecting Open Resource Flows for Development

- September 5, 2013 in 2013, Geneva, Invited Speakers, OKCon, OKCon 2013, Open Knowledge Foundation, Open Spending

To complete the dozen in our guest posts by OKCon speaker we asked Mark Brough to write something about the workshop ‘Connecting Open Resource Flows for Development’ in the Open Development & Sustainability programme, that he will present together with Anders Pedersen, Openspending on Monday 16 September, 17:15 – 18:45 @ Room 20, Floor 3.
Connecting Open Resource Flows for Development ugandabudgetAid, climate finance, extractives, government budgets, humanitarian aid, contracts and organisation identifiers: there are now a large range of initiatives to open up data on developmental resource flows. On 16th September at OKCon, we will be co-hosting a workshop on connecting open resource flows for development. There is a lot of discussion right now about joining up these different flows – in terms of interoperability of different standards at the technical level, as well as improved communication among advocates, publishers, and organisers of this data at the policy level. The workshop will focus more on the policy level; while many of those joining us have been heavily involved in the mechanics of standards for aid data through IATI, wrangling budget data into OpenSpending, and designing new standards for open contracts data, improving communication and learning between different initiatives is an important first step before beginning the work of developing, aligning and implementing standards. As you’d expect at OKCon, the workshop is intended to be open and participatory, and we’re encouraging all organisations to give short (2 minute) presentations at the start about their own area of work and how it might overlap with that of others. We’ll then consider what questions we can begin to answer by connecting data together, and discuss shared challenges and opportunities. Finally, we will begin to discuss how the data could be joined up in practice – through the identification of existing standards, initiatives and opportunities for making it happen. If you’re interested in coming along then please get in touch. You’ll be very welcome, regardless of your area of interest and level of expertise (the conversation is likely to be detailed, but not technical). The more participants we have the more lively the discussion and chances to share experience so we hope you’ll join us. More details: Google Doc
Mark Brough is the Aid Information Advisor at Publish What You Fund, the global campaign for aid transparency. He leads on developing technology and advocacy tools, including the Aid Transparency Tracker, which assesses the quality of donors’ aid data as part of the forthcoming 2013 Index, and a visualisation of aid to Uganda mapped onto Uganda’s budget.

OKCon 2013 Guest Post: How Linked Open Data supports Sustainable Development & Climate Change Development

- September 4, 2013 in 2013, Denise Recheis, Florian Bauer, Geneva, Invited Speakers, Jens Laustsen, OKCon, OKCon 2013, Open Development, Open Knowledge Foundation, Sustainability

Guest post number eleven in the OKCon speaker series is from Florian Bauer, Denise Recheis and Martin Kaltenböck. They have organized and will be holding the workshop ‘How Linked Open Data (LOD) supports Sustainable Development & Climate Change Development’ in the Open Development & Sustainability programme, on Wednesday 18 September, 11:45 – 13:15 @ Room 8, Floor 2. Get in touch with them now to register your place! 
How Linked Open Data (LOD) supports Sustainable Development & Climate Change Development The idea of using LOD first emerged as a useful technology for data and information management in the health sector as an area where many different aspects need to be combined to create a bigger picture. Sustainable development is another such complex area where many factors are needed to make informed decisions. For both, LOD brings better decision making as well as awareness building. reegle-lod-cloudOften these snippets of information are retrieved across different research fields and later stored in hundreds of different information silos that are not connected to each other. The same can be said about modern energy systems that combine new and conventional sources of energy, centralized and on-site generation and a complex distribution infrastructure. Again, a lot of data is needed to smooth the way for the transition towards clean energy. Ambitious targets are already in place to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase access to sustainable energy for more people at the same time. We seriously lag behind in reaching these goals and often find that what’s missing is often proper access to essential information. Such information arrives too late, has not been processed to a useful format or is simply not available for open use and re-use. We believe that the LOD principles are the right mechanism & technology that can support our efforts to tackle these global issues. Today networking is being accepted as a crucial part of development, and that can also be said about networked, linked information/data. Linked Open Data is often described as Open Data interlinked with other datasets. Going from link to link, connections that may not be obvious instantly are drawn together – a bit like the introduction of hyperlinks now connects many pages on the web across different websites and allows the user to dive deeply into a subject. Only in the case with LOD, it’s the machine that can dive into this knowledge and provide the user with tailored results to tackle problems. Right now, many of those who need data to make informed decisions have caught on to the logical benefits of (linked) open data. More convincing needs to be done to see more relevant data being released in a way (format, license, links) that makes it valuable in the quest to tackle global, complex problems. “Concerns about opening up data, and responses which have proved effective” by Christopher Gutteridge, University of Southampton and Alexander Dutton, University of Oxford has put together all the usual thick-as-a-brick arguments and proposed solutions and answers. Classics include being worried about misinterpretation of the data, data not being very interesting, and possible future use in a research paper, as well as technical, legal and financial concerns. The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) and the Global Buildings Performance Network (GBPN) are two organizations active in the promotion of clean energy and energy efficiency and have embraced LOD as a means to accelerate their work and strengthen their networks. GBPN provides its building efficiency data in this format to ensure that the information can be used in relevant contexts as they arise. REEEP is using available open data to draw together country dossiers focusing of clean energy in its information portal and also sees its role as a broker between information providers and users. The Semantic Web Company (SWC) has been working in the field on semantic web technologies for many years and has helped making this state-of-the-art way of working with data accessible to several organizations in the energy and sustainability sector. All three organisations see sustainable development as an excellent way to showcase the benefits of LOD, and therefore have joined forces to organise a workshop at this years Open Knowledge Conference to highlight use-cases of Linked Open Data and discuss lessons learnt.

Florian Bauer, Operations & IT Director, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership
Denise Recheis, Knowledge Manager REEEP
Jens Laustsen, Technical Director, Global Buildings Performance Network, Martin Kaltenböck, Managing Partner, Semantic Web Company

Accommodation at OKCon – only 30 euros a night, going once…going twice…

- September 4, 2013 in Accommodation, Geneva, Information, News, OKCon2013

We have some great news for you all! Thanks to a little stretching of our Accommodation Subsidies programme we can now offer limited beds for OKCon at just 30 euros per night. In a city like Geneva, this is truly a bargain price! If you haven’t yet booked your accommodation, or you were just looking for that one last reason to come to OKCon (as if there weren’t enough already!) – then get in touch with coffee sleep mug More details on what we are offering:
  • a bed in a same-sex (women-only, men-only) dorm room (2-10 people) in an hostel in Geneva
  • for 3 nights, from Monday 16th September to Wednesday 18th September (please note that we will not be able to offer different dates)
  • at the price of 30 EUR per night (total for 3 nights: 90 EUR)
Because we are a community-driven, mostly volunteer-run event, OKCon ticket costs are not covered by the accommodation subsidies. If you are awarded an accommodation subsidy, you will be asked to purchase your ticket within the two following business days after you’ll have received our confirmation. To get your 30 Euro-a-night accommodation, email as soon as possible – places are limited, and there’s just two weeks to go before the start of OKCon!

OKCon 2013 Guest Post: New approaches to working with information for advocacy

- September 3, 2013 in 2013, Geneva, Invited Speakers, OKCon, OKCon 2013, Open Knowledge Foundation

Our tenth guest post in the OKCon speaker series is from Maya Indira Ganesh. She will be speaking in the session ‘Data-driven storytelling’, as part of the Evidence and Stories programme, on Wednesday 18 September, 14:45 –16:00 @ Main Stage Room 2.
Evidence & Influence
New approaches to working with information for advocacy
Two years ago I read Jonathan Safran Foer’s Eating Animals, a work of non fiction about factory farming, and decided to become a vegetarian (again). Fish
(Image by Maya Ganesh) Foer’s book brings a fiction writer’s touch to what could otherwise be a dense mass of statistics; it is emotive: alongside the numbers it weaves in stories of his grandmother surviving the Holocaust, impending fatherhood and appeals to imagine the silent screaming of little fishies being killed (moos and groans of a cow on a conveyor belt, by comparison, can be heard). It appeals to morality and ethical reasoning: it asks you to consider why you wouldn’t eat the family dog but have no problem eating a cow. It is also knowingly persuasive: Foer lays out, in graphic detail, how cows, pigs, sheep, chickens and fish are reared and raised in industrial farming complexes, and how they are then slaughtered. More than a paean to vegetarianism, the book encourages the reader to think about the political, economic and social contexts and consequences of the act of producing and eating any kind of food. The book changed how I eat and more importantly, how I cook and shop for produce. I refer to this example because it leads me to ask: what does it take to create influence that can change people’s opinions, ideas and even their whole lives? The storyteller Neil Gaiman says this about stories:
“Stories, like people …. are also fragile things, made up of nothing stronger or more lasting than twenty-six letters and a handful of punctuation marks. Or they are words on the air, composed of sounds and ideas-abstract, invisible, gone once they’ve been spoken-and what could be more frail than that? But some stories, small, simple ones about setting out on adventures or people doing wonders, tales of miracles and monsters, have outlasted all the people who told them, and some of them have outlasted the lands in which they were created.” (Fragile Things – Short Fictions and Wonders)

Activists and advocates attempt to do something similar with their issue: to capture attention and present ideas through the skillful organisation of the right kinds of information into a narrative that is memorable and moving. Finding the story that sticks, knowing how to integrate data and the visual within its narrative and identifying the best platforms to present an issue is often a challenge for campaigners, and is part of what our work at Tactical Tech’s Evidence & Action Programme is about. With the increased opportunities for campaigning and advocacy with data, the challenges of security of data, and in establishing the veracity of and interpretation of data, evidence-based advocacy is poised at an exciting new moment to think about what influence means and how it may be achieved. Tactical Tech’s recent Info-Activism Camp titled ‘Evidence and Influence’ brought together 135 designers, technologists, mappers, hackers, data specialists, activists and advocates to work on what this means. For six days we shared knowledge, ideas, skills, and fostered strong ties for future collaborations. Our morning tracks at the Camp focused on four approaches to working with information for advocacy, which we called Documentation, Investigation, Curation and Intervention. We created these categories as ways to think about, plan for and identify skills and techniques for information as evidence in advocacy. Each one has particular characteristics and features, and yet are not that separate. Each one has a narrative arc that is slightly different from the next one, yet the intrepid information activist often has to lean on these at different moments and depending on the context. One of these, investigation, a longstanding tradition in journalism, is particularly exciting at this moment. We recently profiled the work of Paul Radu who primarily works with journalists to use data, visualisation and investigative techniques to expose organised crime and corruption. Getting to know Paul and his work, we were keen to have him at the Camp and have him share his skills and see how this resonated with activists and advocates who work with very similar tools. What can activists learn from investigative journalism’s techniques? What are the tools available and how may they be applicable to the work of information-activists? My presentation on September 18th at the Open Knowledge Conference will showcase Paul Radu’s work as well as two nascent activist investigations inspired by Paul’s work. The meal that Paul and his newest fans share? Data, of course. *Note: I have flexitarian tendencies; I am not saying no to sushi; sometimes my aunt’s rogan josh will also challenge me.
Maya Indira Ganesh is Programme Director at Tactical Technology Collective. She has worked as a researcher, writer and activist with women’s rights organizations in India, international NGOs and academic institutions, including UNICEF, the Association for Progressive Communications’ Women’s Networking Support Program, Point of View and Tata Institute for Social Sciences. She has worked on projects spanning a range from gender rights, violence against women, sexuality rights, HIV/AIDS prevention with young people and digital media use, policy and communication rights. She has published non-fiction and academic writing about old and new media from trashy pulp magazines to sleek mobile phones. She has Masters degrees in Psychology from Delhi University in India, and in Media and Cultural Studies from the University of Sussex, UK.

OKCon 2013 Guest Post: Re:Public Domain Remix + Walk – Workshop

- September 2, 2013 in Geneva, Invited Speakers, OKCon, OKCon 2013, open culture, Open Knowledge Foundation, Robert Musil

The ninth in our series guest post by OKCon 2013 speakers is by Primavera De Filippi, Mario Purkathofer and Daniel Boos. They will be holding the satelite event ‘Re:Public Domain Remix + Walk’, part of the Open Culture programme, on Thursday 19 September, 10:00 – 18:00 @ KulturBüro, Rue de Berne 63, 1201 Genève.
The Re:Public Domain Remix is an event run by Dock18, the Open Knowledge Foundation France, Wikimedia (France & Switzerland) and Migros Kulturprozent aimed at encouraging people to remix public domain works in a creative way. In France a Public Domain Remix partnership challenge was started specifically seeking to promote the use and reuse of public domain works through an interdisciplinary and transmedial approach: rather than following the same medium, we encourage people to shift from one medium to the other (e.g. remixing a literary work into music, a photograph into a sculpture, etc). In Switzerland four Re:Public Domain events will explore the use of public domain works based on tools (eg. serigraphy, 3d printing, apps) build by artists. Overall the goal of all this activities is to promote the public domain by showing what can actually be done with it. 10:00 -13:00 @ Kulturbüro
Invited artists will act as mediator between the artworks and the public, who will be invited to remix these works. Each artist will be responsible for coordinating actions within its own stream or category, encouraging people to remix the works in front of them in new and creative ways. Each artist will be in charge of answering questions and sharing their own skills (e.g. explaining which kind of tools can be used to remix these works, and teaching people how to actually use those tools).
  • Serigraphy by So:ren Berner, Public can print their own t-shirt with Public Domain Materials. Bring your T-Shirts!
  • Track Raid mit Ableton User Group, Sound Remixing with Public Domain Materials. Bring your own laptops with Ableton Live
  • 3d Printer with Fablab Zürich, the sculpture “Neue Badende” will be printed in different colors on a 3D-Printer.
  • App by Christoph Stähli, a mobile audio application to remix Public Domain materials. Bring your mobile phones!
The public will be responsible for bringing joy and creativity. Participants will be invited to either work individually on one work or to collaborate towards the creation of a larger multimedia works. 15:00 -18:00 Monte Salève
robert-musil-der-mann-ohne-eigenschaftenWalk & Book Presentation
Meeting 15:00 at Kulturbüro Geneve
In the afternoon, we will do a walk to the woods of Mont Saleve, where we present the new book by D18 Edition & Typolibre. Reading some fragments, doing field records, presenting some remixes on the wild side together with 15000 fragments by Robert Musil. His unfinished novel The Man Without Qualities is generally considered to be one of the most important modernist novels. However, the novel has not been widely read both because of its delayed publication and intricate, lengthy plot. Musil died on April 14th 1942 in Geneva.
Martha (his wife) wrote to Franz Theodor Csokor that taking off his clothes in the bathroom, maybe when doing gymnastics or just making a hefty movement, he had been hit by a stroke and, when she found him a few minutes later, did not look dead at all but so alive with some mockery and astonishment on his face. He was 61 years old and only eight people were present at his cremation. Martha cast his ashes into the woods of Mont Salève. Musil’s works entered the public domain on January 1st, 2013. Bureau Culture Geneve Monte Salève
Primavera De Filippi
Primavera De Filippi is a researcher at the CERSA / CNRS / Université Paris II. She is currently a research fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard, where is investigating the concept of “governance by design” as it relates to cloud computing and peer-to-peer technologies. Primavera holds a PhD from the European University Institute in Florence, where she explored the legal challenges of copyright law in the digital environment. Primavera is an administrator of the Communia association for the public domain, a coordinator at the Open Knowldege Foundation and legal expert for Creative Commons in France. She is also the co-founder of an artistic collective that produces interactive (digital and mechanical) works released under open licenses. Mario Purkathofer
Living in Zurich in gaps since 1998 (Residence Status C). Studied sculpting, sociology, e-business, German philology, and new media at the ZHDK from 1998–2003. Graduated 2003 in Zurich. Founded the Dock18 Space for Media Cultures of the World in 2005, and has been in charge of Dock18 since then. In his free time he teaches computer science at the free catholic school in Zurich, and supervises the project work. Other than that he does freelance work in the areas of project consultancy and innovation management. He developed the project Public Domain together with Daniel Boos, with continuous events since 2008. Daniel Boos
Daniel Boos lives in Zurich and works in Bern or Zurich. He is active in Digitale Allmend, where he was a member of the board until early 2012. Together with Dock18 he organized the Public Domain Jam. His particular interest is in the question of how works in the public domain can be creatively acquired and used again. He is interested in, and was active in the context of different network policy initiatives. These included groups such as communia,, Creative Commons Switzerland, SIUG. This concerned, among others, topics such as copyright, camera surveillance and the ironic presentation of prizes to surveillance operators. Daniel Boos is a social scientist and has a PHD from the ETH Zurich.

OKCon 2013 Guest Post: Open Data Toolkits and Assessment Tools

- August 28, 2013 in Geneva, Invited Speakers, OKCon, OKCon 2013, Open Development, Open Knowledge Foundation, World Bank

The sixth guest post in the series of contributions by OKCon 2013 speakers is by Iulian Pogor (World Bank), Meghan Cook (University at Albany), Barbara Ubaldi (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development – OECD) and Ton Zijlstra (Open Knowledge Foundation). They are among the coordinators of the workshop Open Data Toolkits and Assessment Tools, which will take place, as part of the Open Development and Sustainability programme, on Tuesday 17 September from 11:30 to 13:15 @ Room 14, Floor 2.
OPEN DATA TOOLKITS AND ASSESSMENT TOOLS A growing network of governments, corporations and civil society organizations around the world are working to expand the availability of open government data by removing technical and legal barriers to data re-use, and engaging the public to unlock the full potential of open data as valuable economic assets and drivers of civic engagement. There are currently hundreds of open data initiatives and a large number of organizations providing assistance to run them. However, the vast majority of them are focused on developed countries and only a few institutions are providing technical assistance to developing countries’ open data initiatives. The Open Data Toolkits and Assessment Tools workshop to be held on September 17 from 11:30 to 13:15 within the Open Knowledge Conference will present some technical assistance tools and the emerging lessons from implementation of those in developing countries and discuss options for their improvement. The workshop will be broken down in two parts: (i) short presentations and discussion on the World Bank’s Open Government Data Toolkit (by Amparo Ballivian, Chair of the Bank’s Open Government Data Working Group) and the United Nations Guidelines on Open Government Data for Citizen Engagement (by Daniel Dietrich, UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs), and (ii) longer presentations and discussion on the open data readiness assessment methodologies from the World Bank and the Web Foundation (by Tim Davies, Research Coordinator), the Center for Technology in Government (by Meghan Cook, Program Director), OECD (by Barbara Ubaldi, E-Government Unit Project Leader) and Open Knowledge Foundation (by Ton Zijlstra, Independent Consultant on Change, Complexity, Knowledge Work, Learning) along with the lessons learned from their applications in developing countries. This second session will aim to gather ideas for improvements of these assessment methodologies. Please see below short descriptions of the respective tools. We invite your feedback regarding the workshop and the tools in the comments section of this post before, during, and after the conference. OpenGovernmentDataToolkitThe World Bank Open Government Data Toolkit is designed to help practitioners get “up to speed” in planning and implementing an open government data program, while avoiding common pitfalls. Resources include:
  • Open Data Essentials – answers “Frequently Asked Questions” about open data with many examples.
  • Technology Options – describes open data scenarios with different levels of complexity, and suggests technical solutions for open data platforms appropriate to each scenario.
  • Demand and Engagement – offers a ‘menu’ of services to promote and support ‘Open Data Literacy’, the goal of which is to catalyze, engage, and inspire strategic multi-stakeholder groups to see the value and potential of open data, and what it means for local, national, and regional development in a practical, hands-on way.
  • Supply and Quality of Data – discusses basic examples of data quality standards and useful tools to review, refine, clean, analyze, visualize and publish data.
  • Readiness Assessment Tool – provides a methodological tool for conducting an action-oriented assessment of the readiness of a government – or even an individual agency – to evaluate, design and implement an Open Data initiative. The tool has been applied in Ulyanovsk (Russia),  Antigua and Barbuda, Rwanda, Tanzania and Peru.
OpenGovernmentDataAndServicesThe Guidelines on Open Government Data for Citizen Engagement is a practical and easy-to-understand guideline for policy makers and technologists developed by the UN Public Administration Programme. It can be used to understand, design, implement and sustain open government data initiatives. The toolkit is tailored to the needs and constraints of developing countries, but it can be used by anyone interested in opening up data. It contains the core principles of openness, best practices and case studies, checklists, step-by-step guidelines and practical policy recommendations. WebFoundationThe Web Foundation has completed initial assessments of two countries’ readiness for implementing open government data programs, in Ghana and in Chile and a third feasibility study is expected to be conducted in Indonesia. Initially, the Web Foundation developed a methodology and a set of composite indicators to define open government data readiness of a given country. These indicators range from political willingness, the public administration readiness, and the civil society interest and readiness. The Web Foundation followed this by conducting research to provide quantitative and qualitative data in preparation for in-country visits, during which the Web Foundation met with key stakeholders to refine the assessment of open government data readiness in their country. 20year_logoFor over 20 years, the Center for Technology in Government (CTG) at State University of New York has developed tools and guides that help governments assess their capabilities, gauge readiness, and inform the design and implementation of open government and open data initiatives. Some selected CTG’s resources to build knowledge and assess readiness include: Most recently CTG conducted an open government readiness assessment in the Republic of Nigeria using a blended approach of both World Bank and CTG’s tools and techniques. OECDThe OECD project on Open Government Data (OGD) aims to develop a knowledge base on OGD policies, strategies and initiatives. The ultimate goal of the methodology proposed in the Working Paper on OGD Towards Empirical Analysis of Open Government Data Initiatives is to map practices across the OECD and to identify metrics to evaluate costs and benefits of OGD. This provides a framework for data collection to assess the economic, social and good governance value generated by making government data open, as well as the required conditions for successful implementation of OGD initiatives. The assessment will also underlie policy support and capacity building activities to help governments in OECD and developing countries improve the impact of their OGD policies and practices. The assessment methodology includes: (i) An Analytical Framework for examining OGD initiatives, planning and implementation, and (ii) survey data collection on: OGD strategies and policies, implementation of OGD initiatives and portals, value generation and creation of relevant ecosystems, challenges to implementing OGD policies and initiatives. OpenDataCensusThe Open Data Census assesses the state of open data around the world. The Census is a community-based effort initiated and coordinated by the Open Knowledge Foundation but with participation from many different groups or individuals. It collects and presents information on the evolution and current state of open data.

OKCon 2013 Guest Post: Open Transport Data: the next steps

- August 22, 2013 in Geneva, Invited Speakers, Kat Borlongan, OKCon, OKCon 2013, Open Knowledge Foundation, Open Transport, Pieter Colpaert

The fifth in our series of guest posts by OKCon 2013 speakers is by Pieter Colpaert and Kat Borlongan who will be offering the workshop ‘Open Transport Data: the next step’ in the Open Transport Data session on Wednesday 18 September, 14:45 – 16:00 @ Room 14, Floor 2.
open-transport-data-manifestoEven though the transport sector plays an essential role in the fight against climate change, it seems that journalism, advocacy and academic attention is often directed to more popular flashpoints instead of what turns out to be one of the largest contributors to global warming in the world. Transportation is one of the fastest growing emission sector of carbon dioxide out there . The good news? Data can help. A year ago, we published the Open Transport Data manifest. The manifest, written together with the EPSI platform, suggests that it is time for a different data policy for the transport sector and beyond: the true potential of transport data is yet to be unleashed. Transport Data owners everywhere need to open up data we can use to better inform their users. Here is one of those times we suggest you tune in for the next steps: On Wednesday 18th September, between 14:15 and 15:45 at Room 14, Floor 2 at OKCon, we (the Open Transport Working Group at OKFN) are organising a workshop. Our goal in under 90 minutes: to discuss the next steps in better defining the problems at hand and suggesting, examining and perhaps even starting to implement solutions. a-bug-report-for-the-world
A bug report for the world In order to prepare for this, we just launched a Call for Ideas: if you are coming to the workshop, define your problem and how you are tackling it (or how you would tackle it). Here is how things work following that: The workshop will be divided in four plenary debates, each of which will start off with a lightning talk introducing one of the ideas. The workshop is open to all stakeholders and we’re hoping to welcome as wide an array of profiles possible. Transport data in itself is a very diverse data domain and publishing such data involves dealing with multiple hurdles. Statistics, geographical data, real-time alerts, dynamic lists (and this goes on) need to get out there and all these datasets have different ways of getting published: RSS feeds, plain old XML endpoints, SPARQL endpoints, RESTful webservices, HTML tables, database dumps and so on. Here’s an example in the field of interoperability: How do you identify a stop area? How can we make machines understand that a certain bicycle garage is part of a railway station while we only have a dataset from the railway company and a geographic dataset providing locations of bicycle garage locations? A possible generic solution could be that we create a vocabulary which all dataset try to adhere to, or provide a mapping towards. The report of the workshop will be published on our working group’s website and will be used as the vision of the working group for 2013/2014. All submitted ideas will be included. Open Transport Data isn’t the most media savvy of the bunch, but is without doubt one of the most challenging kinds of Open Data, the kind you need to roll your sleeves all the way up for. Government agencies need to be convinced, private corporations need to be arm-wrestled with, mounds and mounds of data need to be gathered and made interoperable and let’s not even try measuring the diversity of actors from bus companies to ride-share startups to train station authorities (not often the same as the train authorities or the railroad track authorities)… Complex? Hopefully not for too long. It is our task to make it as easy as possible to open up data and to make that data both used and useful. Let’s play our part.
Pieter Colpaert believes a lot of frustration today is caused by data not being accessible (when does my train leave, how long do I have to queue, where does my money go, and so on). His goal is to increase your life quality by contextualizing data into information without you even noticing it. Apart from being a co-founder of Open Knowledge Foundation Belgium, he coordinates the Open Transport Working Group at OKFN and pursues a PhD on Linked Open Data at the University of Ghent. Kat Borlongan is an open data enthusiast with several hats. Currently, she is the co-founder of Five by Five, an advisor to the French Government’s open data task force and a founding member of Open Knowledge Foundation France. Prior to this, she worked as the Country Director of Reporters sans frontières’ Canadian bureau and as a public information consultant to the SNCF and the International Civil Aviation Organization. As a merit scholar of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kat completed her undergraduate degree in Political Science at the Institut d’Études Politiques de Bordeaux. She also holds a master’s degree in Communication from McGill University.