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A lookback on 2017 with OK Brazil

Open Knowledge Brazil - January 16, 2018 in Brazil, OK Brazil, Open Data Index

This blog has been written by Natalia Mazotte and Ariel Kogan, co-directors of Open Knowledge Brazil (OKBR). It has been translated from the original version at https://br.okfn.org/2017/12/29/como-foi-o-ano-de-2017-para-a-okbr by Juliana Watanabe, volunteer of OKBR.

For us at Open Knowledge Brazil (OKBR), the year 2017 was filled with multiple partnerships, support and participation in events; projects and campaigns for mobilisation. In this blog we selected some of these highlights. Furthermore, newsflash for the team: the journalist Natália Mozatte, that was already leading Escola de Datos (School of Data) in Brazil, became co-director with Ariel Kogan (executive director since July 2016).

Foto: Engin_Akyurt / Creative Commons CC0

Mobilisation

At the beginning of the year, OKBR and several other organizations introduced the Manifest for Digital Identification in Brazil. The purpose of the Manifest is to be a tool for society to take a stand towards the privacy and safety of personal data of citizens and turn digital identification into a safe, fair and transparent action.

We monitored one of the main challenges in the city of São Paulo and contributed to the mobilisation for this. Along with other civil society organisations, we urged the City Hall of São Paulo for transparency regarding mobility. The reason: on 25 January 2017, the first day of the new increase to the speed limits on Marginais Pinheiros and Tietê, we noticed several news items about the decrease in traffic accidents linked to the policy of reducing speed in certain parts of the city was unavailable on the site of the Traffic Engineering Company (CET).

For a few months, we conducted a series of webinars called OKBR Webinars Serires, about open knowledge of the world. We had the participation of the following experts: Bart Van Leeuwen, entrepreneur; Paola Villareal, Fellow from the Berkman Klein Center, designer/data scientist; Fernanda Campagnucci, journalist and analyst of public policies and Rufus Pollock, founder of Open Knowledge International.

We took part in a major victory for society! Along with the Movimento pela Transparência (PartidáriaMovement for Partisan Transparency), we conducted a mobilisation against the rapporteur’s proposal for a political reform, congressman Vicente Cândido (PT-SP), about hidden contributions from the campaign and the result was very positive. Besides us, a variety of organisations and movements took part in this initiative against hidden donations,: we published and handed out a public statement. The impact was huge: as a consequence, the rapporteur announced the withdrawal of secret donations.

We also participated in #NãoValeTudo, a collective effort to discuss the correct use of technology for electoral purposes along with AppCívico, o Instituto Update, o Instituto Tecnologia e Equidad.

Projects

We performed two cycles of OpenSpending. The first cycle initiated in January and involved 150 municipalities. In July, we published the report of cycle 1. In August, we started the second cycle of the game with something new: Guaxi, a robot which was the digital assistant to competitors. It is an expert bot developed with innovative chatbot technology, simulating human interaction with the users. This made the journey through the page of OpenSpending on Facebook easier. The report of the second cycle is available here.

Together with the Board of Assessment of Public Policies from FGV/DAPP we released the Brazilian edition of the Open Data Index (ODI). In total, we built three surveys: Open Data Index (ODI) Brazil, at the national level and ODI São Paulo and ODI Rio de Janeiro, at the municipal level. Months later, we ended the survey “Do you want to build the index of Open Data of your city?” and the result was pretty positive: 216 people have shown an interest to do the survey voluntarily in their town!

In this first cycle of decentralization and expansion of the ODI in the Brazilian municipality, we conducted an experiment with the first group: Arapiraca/AL, Belo Horizonte/MG, Bonfim/RR, Brasília/DF, Natal/RN, Porto Alegre/RS, Salvador/BA, Teresina/PI, Uberlândia/MG, Vitória/ES. We offered training for the local leaders, provided by the staff of the Open Data Index (FGV/DAPP – OKBR) so that they can accomplish the survey required to develop the index. In 2018, we’ll show the results and introduce the reports with concrete opportunities for the town move forward on the agenda of transparency and open data.

We launched LIBRE – a project of microfinance for journalism – a partnership from Open Knowledge Brazil and Flux Studio, with involvement from AppCivico too. It is a microfinance content tool that aims to bring a digital tool to the public that is interested in appreciating and sustaining journalism and quality content. Currently, some first portals are testing the platform in a pilot phase.

Events

We supported the events of Open Data Day in many Brazilian cities, as well as the Hackathon da Saúde (Health Hackathon), an action of the São Paulo City Hall in partnership with SENAI and AppCívico, and participated in the Hack In Sampa event at the City Council of São Paulo.

Natália Mazotte, co-director of OKBR, participated in AbreLatam and ConDatos, annual events which have become the main meeting point regarding open data in Latin America and the Caribbean. It is a time to talk about the status and the impact in the entire region. We also participated in the 7th edition of the Web forum in Brazil with the workshop “Open patterns and access to information: prospects and challenges of the government open data”. Along with other organizations, we organized the Brazilian Open Government meeting.

The School of Data, in partnership with Google News Lab, organised the second edition of the Brazilian Conference of Journalism of Data and Digital Methods (Coda.Br). We were one of the partner organisations for the first Course of Open Government for leadership in Weather, Forest and Farming, initiated by Imaflora and supported by the Climate and Land Use Alliance (CLUA).

We were the focal point in the research “Foundations of the open code as social innovators in emerging economies: a case study in Brazil”, from Clément Bert-Erboul, a specialist in economic sociology and the teacher Nicholas Vonortas.

And more to come in 2018

We would like to thank you to follow and take part of OKBR in 2017. We’re counting on you in 2018. Beyond our plan for the next year, we have the challenge and the responsibility to contribute in the period of the elections so that Brazil proceeds on the agendas of transparency, opening public information, democratic participation, integrity and the fight against corruption.

If you want to stay updated on the news and the progress of our projects, you can follow us on our BlogTwitter and Facebook.

A wonderful 2018 for all of us!

The Open Knowledge Brazil team.

The Open Data Survey: Measuring what matters to you

Oscar Montiel - November 21, 2017 in godi, Open Data Census, Open Data Index, open data survey

I once heard a brilliant government official say that in government you only measure what matters to you. This resonated with me back when I was a public servant and it makes even more sense now that I have participated over the last few years in the Global Open Data Index (GODI), one of Open Knowledge International (OKI)’s main projects. We developed GODI to address the question how much government information is published as open data. The index uses a league table that ranks countries from most to least open, based on their results for fifteen key datasets. In addition the survey compares the openness of key datasets worldwide, and lists which countries have, for example, the most open budgets, company registers or election data. But national open government data is only one aspect of the open data ecosystem. The Open Data Survey, the tool that powers GODI, allows to collect information on any aspect of open data.  Many organisations have repurposed the survey throughout the years to foreground information that these organisations find important, urgent or that help them reach their goals. In this blogpost I will highlight a few use cases of the Open Data Survey. In a follow-up post I will explain how you can start using the survey to measure what is important for you, whether with OKI hosting an instance for you or by deploying your own survey.

The Open Data Census

Our first example is the Open Data Census, a tool usually run by our local groups and chapters to understand how their local governments are performing in data publication. We have a record of about 40 different censuses assessing local and regional open data in many different countries. The census is the only tool to assess open data on a city level.

Example of a city-level census, comparing Argentinian cities with one another

Users of the Open Data Census include Open Knowledge Argentina, Open Knowledge Brazil and the Sunlight Foundation who assessed the openness of U.S. cities as part of its Open Cities programme. The Census results did not only highlight top performing cities in the United States, but also enabled Sunlight Foundation to do further policy analysis and understand why some cities perform better than others. Similar to the Global Open Data Index, the census measures the openness of around fifteen different datasets. But it is also fully customisable, allowing any organisation to assess various aspects of open data – from open data policies, through to publication of good quality data, or whether a local government engages with citizens to identify and publish the most relevant data.  

Code for America’s digital services survey

Code for America repurposed our Open Data Survey to assess the state of digital services in U.S. cities. As part of their Digital Front Door initiative, Code for America used a fork of the survey to assess if the government websites were “meeting Code for America’s criteria for good digital services, and prioritize opportunities for improvements”. With more than 40 cities assessed, this was probably one of the biggest alternative uses for the survey and a great example how to assess aspects such as design of websites (which is an important element for open data publication).

Assessing WASH resilience

Sheena Carmel Opulencia-Calub, a 2015 School of Data fellow, used the survey to produce a public local information resource centred around Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) needs, to guide policy-making in the Philippines and advance disaster risk preparedness of local authorities. The website is currently a proof-of-concept, designed for information managers from government and CSOs who take care of data gathering and sharing during emergency situations. The website also visualises the evolution of key indicators related to water and sanitation, helping local authorities and information managers to make better-informed decisions.

Interface of the WASH Resilience survey

It uses two types of league tables, including a ranking of WASH data quality and availability of the 225 cities and provinces of the Philippines. The contents are now outdated but this example shows how the Open Data Survey can be repurposed to not only assess the availability of open data in a specific sector, but also to link this assessment to follow-up actions with government.

Measure what matters to you

To conclude, the Open Data Survey is a versatile tool and can be used to rank, compare, and highlight very different aspects of (open) data. I hope abovementioned use cases sparked your interest and ideas how to use the Open Data Survey. Stay tuned – in a follow-up blogpost we will explain how to customise the survey in order to make it fit your needs.  

OKBR busca estagiário para levantamento do Índice de Dados Abertos (Open Data Index) no Brasil

Elza Maria Albuquerque - November 8, 2017 in Dados Abertos, Destaque, Estágio, índice de dados abertos, Open Data Index

Foto de um braço direito em cima do teclado de um laptop ligado e o braço esquerdo em cima de um caderno.

Pessoa com as mãos em cima do teclado de um laptop ligado. Foto: Pixabay / Creative Commons CC0.

A Open Knowledge Brasil (OKBR) deu início aos trabalhos para o levantamento do Índice de Dados Abertos (Open Data Index) no Brasil. Esse índice é uma iniciativa da sociedade civil que busca realizar o mapeamento do estado dos dados abertos em diversos países (e cidades) ao redor do mundo. No processo, membros de organizações públicas, da sociedade civil e especialistas em dados abertos avaliam a disponibilidade e a acessibilidade dos conjuntos de dados definidos em diversos lugares ao redor do mundo. Suas submissões são revisadas por pares e verificadas por uma equipe local de especialistas e revisores de conjuntos de dados. Para a edição de 2017 do índice, a Open Knowledge Brasil busca um estagiário para contratação imediata. O selecionado irá auxiliar no levantamento e avaliação das bases de dados, no processo de revisão e confecção de relatórios e apresentações com os resultados do índice. Segue abaixo o perfil desejado:
Cursos: Administração, Economia ou áreas afins.
Período: 4º período em diante.
Competências: familiaridade com bases de dados, conhecimento básico de informática (sobretudo Excel), interesse por transparência e dados abertos, boa capacidade analítica e de redação, disposição para pesquisa por meio da internet e por meio de contato com agentes públicos, inglês intermediário.
Duração do estágio: Novembro/17 a Junho/18 (8 meses).
Carga horária semanal: 20h.
Remuneração: R$ 1.000,00 mensais + vale-transporte.
Local de trabalho: Edifício Argentina, Praia de Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro – RJ.
Envie seu currículo para ariel@ok.org.br
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OKBR busca estagiário para levantamento do Índice de Dados Abertos (Open Data Index) no Brasil

Elza Maria Albuquerque - November 8, 2017 in Dados Abertos, Destaque, Estágio, índice de dados abertos, Open Data Index

Foto de um braço direito em cima do teclado de um laptop ligado e o braço esquerdo em cima de um caderno.

Pessoa com as mãos em cima do teclado de um laptop ligado. Foto: Pixabay / Creative Commons CC0.

A Open Knowledge Brasil (OKBR) deu início aos trabalhos para o levantamento do Índice de Dados Abertos (Open Data Index) no Brasil. Esse índice é uma iniciativa da sociedade civil que busca realizar o mapeamento do estado dos dados abertos em diversos países (e cidades) ao redor do mundo. No processo, membros de organizações públicas, da sociedade civil e especialistas em dados abertos avaliam a disponibilidade e a acessibilidade dos conjuntos de dados definidos em diversos lugares ao redor do mundo. Suas submissões são revisadas por pares e verificadas por uma equipe local de especialistas e revisores de conjuntos de dados. Para a edição de 2017 do índice, a Open Knowledge Brasil busca um estagiário para contratação imediata. O selecionado irá auxiliar no levantamento e avaliação das bases de dados, no processo de revisão e confecção de relatórios e apresentações com os resultados do índice. Segue abaixo o perfil desejado:
Cursos: Administração, Economia ou áreas afins.
Período: 4º período em diante.
Competências: familiaridade com bases de dados, conhecimento básico de informática (sobretudo Excel), interesse por transparência e dados abertos, boa capacidade analítica e de redação, disposição para pesquisa por meio da internet e por meio de contato com agentes públicos, inglês intermediário.
Duração do estágio: Novembro/17 a Junho/18 (8 meses).
Carga horária semanal: 20h.
Remuneração: R$ 1.000,00 mensais + vale-transporte.
Local de trabalho: Edifício Argentina, Praia de Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro – RJ.
Envie seu currículo para ariel@ok.org.br
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Using the Global Open Data Index to strengthen open data policies: Best practices from Mexico

Oscar Montiel - August 16, 2017 in Global Open Data Index, Open Data Index, Open Government Data, Open Knowledge

This is a blog post coauthored with Enrique Zapata, of the Mexican National Digital Strategy. As part of the last Global Open Data Index (GODI), Open Knowledge International (OKI) decided to have a dialogue phase, where we invited individuals, CSOs, and national governments to exchange different points of view, knowledge about the data and understand data publication in a more useful way. In this process, we had a number of valuable exchanges that we tried to capture in our report about the state of open government data in 2017, as well as the records in the forum. Additionally, we decided to highlight the dialogue process between the government and civil society in Mexico and their results towards improving data publication in the executive authority, as well as funding to expand this work to other authorities and improve the GODI process. Here is what we learned from the Mexican dialogue:

The submission process

During this stage, GODI tries to directly evaluate how easy it is to find and their data quality in general. To achieve this, civil society and government actors discussed how to best submit and agreed to submit together, based on the actual data availability.   Besides creating an open space to discuss open data in Mexico and agreeing on a joint submission process, this exercise showed some room for improvement in the characteristics that GODI measured in 2016:
  • Open licenses: In Mexico and many other countries, the licenses are linked to datasets through open data platforms. This showed some discrepancies with the sources referenced by the reviewers since the data could be found in different sites where the license application was not clear.
  • Data findability: Most of the requested datasets assess in GODI are the responsibility of the federal government and are available in datos.gob.mx. Nevertheless, the titles to identify the datasets are based on technical regulation needs, which makes it difficult for data users to easily reach the data.
  • Differences of government levels and authorities: GODI assesses national governments but some of these datasets – such as land rights or national laws – are in the hands of other authorities or local governments. This meant that some datasets can’t be published by the federal government since it’s not in their jurisdiction and they can’t make publication of these data mandatory.
 

Open dialogue and the review process

  During the review stage, taking the feedback into account, the Open Data Office of the National Digital Strategy worked on some of them. They summoned a new session with civil society, including representatives from the Open Data Charter and OKI in order to:
  • Agree on the state of the data in Mexico according to GODI characteristics;
  • Show the updates and publication of data requested by GODI;
  • Discuss paths to publish data that is not responsibility of the federal government;
  • Converse about how they could continue to strengthen the Mexican Open Data Policy.
  The results   As a result of this dialogue, we agreed six actions that could be implemented internationally beyond just the Mexican context both by governments with centralised open data repositories and those which don’t centralise their data, as well as a way to improve the GODI methodology:  
  1. Open dialogue during the GODI process: Mexico was the first country to develop a structured dialogue to agree with open data experts from civil society about submissions to GODI. The Mexican government will seek to replicate this process in future evaluations and include new groups to promote open data use in the country. OKI will take this experience into account to improve the GODI processes in the future.
  2. Open licenses by default: The Mexican government is reviewing and modifying their regulations to implement the terms of Libre Uso MX for every website, platform and online tool of the national government. This is an example of good practice which OKI have highlighted in our ongoing Open Licensing research.
  3. “GODI” data group in CKAN: Most data repositories allow users to create thematic groups. In the case of GODI, the Mexican government created the “Global Open Data Index” group in datos.gob.mx. This will allow users to access these datasets based on their specific needs.
  4. Create a link between government built visualization tools and datos.gob.mx: The visualisations and reference tools tend to be the first point of contact for citizens. For this reason, the Mexican government will have new regulations in their upcoming Open Data Policy so that any new development includes visible links to the open data they use.
  5. Multiple access points for data: In August 2018, the Mexican government will launch a new section on datos.gob.mx to provide non-technical users easy access to valuable data. These data called “‘Infraestructura de Datos Abiertos MX’ will be divided into five easy-to-explore and understand categories.
  6. Common language for data sets: Government naming conventions aren’t the easiest to understand and can make it difficult to access data. The Mexican government has agreed to change the names to use more colloquial language can help on data findability and promote their use. In case this is not possible with some datasets, the government will go for an option similar to the one established in point 5.
We hope these changes will be useful for data users as well as other governments who are looking to improve their publication policies. Got any other ideas? Share them with us on Twitter by messaging @OKFN or send us an email to index@okfn.org  

Open Data Index in Brazil launched! by FGV and Open Knowledge Brazil

Open Knowledge Brazil - May 25, 2017 in network, Open Data, Open Data Index

Open Knowledge Brazil and Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV) – a higher education institution in Brazil worked together to develop the Brazilian edition of the Open Data Index, which is being used by governments as a tool to enhance public management, and bring it even closer to Brazil’s reality. 

About the Open Data Index

The Brazilian edition of the Open Data Index has been used as a tool to set priorities regarding transparency and open data policies, as well as a pressure mechanism used by civil society to encourage governments to enhance their performance, releasing sets of essential data. The indicator is based on data availability and accessibility across 13 key categories, including government spending, election results, public acquisitions, pollution levels, water quality data, land ownership, and climate data, among others. Submissions are peer reviewed and verified by a local team of data experts and reviewers. Points are assigned based on the conclusions reached through this process.

OK Brazil and FGV Partnership 

Through a series of events held in partnership with Open Knowledge Brazil (OKBR) and FGV’s Department of Public Policy Analysis (DAPP) launched the Brazilian edition of the Open Data Index (ODI) – a civil society initiative designed to assess the state of open government data worldwide. Three assessments were established for Brazil through a joint effort between the two institutions:
  1. Open Data Index (ODI) for Brazil, at the national level, 
  2. ODI Sao Paulo at the municipal level and
  3. ODI Rio de Janeiro, also at the municipal level
The last two are part of a pioneering initiative, since these are the first regional ODIs in Brazil, in addition to the nationwide assessment. 
This partnership with OKBr and the development of the Open Data Index complement DAPP’s life-long efforts in the areas of political and budget transparency, featuring widely recognised tools such as the Budget Mosaic and Transparent Chamber. We believe that public debate can only be qualified through data transparency, social engagement and dialogue within network society –  Marco Aurelio Ruediger, director of DAPP

The two institutions are working to develop the indicator used by governments across 122 countries as a tool to enhance public management and bring it even closer to Brazil’s reality. The goal is for data disclosure to promote institutional development by encouraging transparency within the government’s foundations, achieved both through constant scrutiny by civil society and improvements implemented by administrators regarding the quality and access to information.
Among the practical results of this new effort for society is the possibility of using results to develop and monitor public policies regarding transparency and open data – Ariel Kogan, CEO of OKBR

Open Data Index for Brazil 

The Open Data Index for Brazil, launched on April 27 in Brasilia, revealed that the country is in 8th place in the world ranking, tied with the United States and Latvia, and it occupies the leadership among its neighbours in Latin America. In total, 15 dimensions related to themes such as public spending, environment and legislation were analysed. However, the overall score of 64% indicates that there is still a lot of room for improvement. Only six — or 40% — dimensions of the index received the total score, that is, they were considered totally open: Public Budget, Electoral Results, National Maps, Socioeconomic Statistics, Laws in Force and Legislative Activity. However, no public databases were found for three dimensions surveyed: Locations, Water Quality and Land Ownership.

Open Data Index for Cities – São Paulo

The ODI São Paulo, launched two days earlier, had a similar result. In the overall assessment, the municipality had a positive result in the index, with 75% of the total score. Within the index analysis dimensions, 7 of the 18 evaluated databases obtained a maximum score: this means that 38% of the databases for the city were considered fully open. On the other hand, the Land Ownership dimension was evaluated with 0%, due to the unavailability of data; and another four had a score lower than 50% (Business Register, Water Quality and Weather Forecast).

Open Data Index for Cities – Rio de Janeiro

The ODI Rio de Janeiro [report in Portuguese], released on May 4, showed a slightly different performance. The city of Rio de Janeiro had a high overall score, reaching 80%. The study indicates, however, that only five dimensions (Election Results, City Maps, Administrative Limits, Criminal Statistics and Public Schools) had the individual score of 100%, with only 27% of the databases being considered fully open. The incompleteness of the dataset appears six times, i.e. there is no availability of certain information which is considered essential. The issue of access restriction appears only in the Business Register dimension. The Land Ownership dimension is also considered critical, since there is no data available for carrying out the ODI assessment. In summary, it is believed that the information can be useful for an open data policy at the municipal and federal level, to provide the paths for the replication of good practices and the correction of points of attention. The benefits of an open data policy are innumerable and include the extension of management efficiency, the creation of an instrument for collecting results from public administration, promoting accountability and social control, engaging civil society with public management and improving the public image, with the potential of becoming an international reference

The Global Open Data Index as a national indicator – So why do we have Northern Ireland?

Open Knowledge International - May 9, 2017 in Global Open Data Index, Open Data Index, Open Data measurements, Open Knowledge

In May 2nd, 2017 we launched the Global Open Data Index (GODI). This blog post is part of a series that explore the main findings of GODI and the next challenges in open data measurement.   In the past, we were asked why the Global Open Data Index assesses ‘places’ and not countries. Why do we evaluate Hong Kong? Why the Crown Dependencies Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey? And why do we regard Northern Ireland separately from Great Britain in this year’s edition? To clarify our rationale, we first have to explain which data we are looking at. The Global Open Data Index assesses the publication of open data at the highest administrative level in a country. This can take three forms:
  • The data describes national government processes or procedures ( government bodies operating at the highest administrative level)
  • The data is collected or produced by national government or a national government agency
  • The data describes national parameters and public services for the entire national territory but is collected by sub-national agencies.
The Global Open Data Index looks at very different government data: from national budgets to water and air quality information. We acknowledge that not all countries have the same political structure. Data assessed through the index might not necessarily be produced by national government due to the devolution of power. Furthermore, it is possible that not all sub-national governments provide the same data as they are potentially subject to different laws and/or procedures. So why do we look at ‘places’ instead of countries?  The Index wants to be a meaningful and actionable indicator for government by assessing those government bodies that are responsible for data publication. We regard territories with legislative, executive, and administrative autonomy separately, including the Crown Dependencies (Isle of Man, Jersey, Guernsey) and Hong Kong. We keep the option open to include regions with a disputed status that are not officially recognised as independent countries.   Why does the Index include sub-national government this year? As described above, sub-national governments may act autonomously from the national government and collect/produce data individually. This has always been a challenge for the Index – sometimes open data was provided in one region but not in another. How to adequately assess these gaps? This year we experiment how more systematically measure data on a sub-national level in a comparable way. As a test case, we considered Northern Ireland separately from Great Britain. By doing so, we investigate how the responsibilities of open data publication are distributed across government. Thus we open up the debate how to understand open data on a subnational level. This experiment is part of a larger research effort to understand open data governance models (see our call for research). We did ask both of Northern Ireland and the UK government to comment on this decision, but due to the Purdah (Pre-elections period), we were unable to get a comment.

Danmark 3 pladser ned – Open Data Index 2016/2017

Niels Erik Kaaber Rasmussen - May 8, 2017 in åben data, Government, internationalt, offentlige data, Open Data Index, open gov

Det globale åben data index benchmarker næsten 100 landes publikationer af åbne offentlige data. For hvert land vurderes hvor meget data, der er offentliggjort inden for forskellige kategorier og om den offentliggjorte data lever op til kravene i definitionen af åbne data. De foreløbige resultater for Global Open Data Index 2016/2017 er nu offentliggjort og Danmark er røget 3 pladser ned i forhold til sidste år og yderligere en plads ned i forhold til forrige år. Opgørelsen er foreløbig fordi Open Knowledge har besluttet at ændre fremgangsmåden, således at der inden de endelige resultater præsenteres er en såkaldt dialog-fase, hvor de foreløbige resultater kan kan diskutteres og rettes, hvis der skulle ske ændringer eller en fejl i opgørelsen skulle blive opdaget. For Danmarks vedkommende tæller det især ned, at vi ikke har åbne data for offentlig udgifter (på et tilstrækkeligt detaljeret niveau) og at vores data for offentlige udbud ikke er åbne. For at der kan være tale om åbne data, skal data leve op til kravene i “the open definition“.    

Open Knowledge Brasil e DAPP lançam Índice de Dados Abertos para o Rio de Janeiro

Elza Maria Albuquerque - May 4, 2017 in Dados Abertos, Destaque, índice de dados abertos para cidades, Open Data Index

Arte: Divulgação OKBR e DAPP.

Nesta quinta-feira (4/05), às 12h, a Open Knowledge Brasil (OKBR) e a Diretoria de Análise de Políticas Públicas (FGV/DAPP) lançam a edição carioca do Índice de Dados Abertos para Cidades (Open Data Index for Cities, em inglês) durante o painel “Lançamento do Open Data Index Rio: Discutindo transparência na gestão pública”, na FGV. A pesquisa é uma ferramenta de avaliação e identificação de problemas nas cidades e também orienta a administração pública em relação ao aprimoramento de suas políticas de dados abertos. O objetivo do painel é debater o estado e a qualidade dos dados abertos nos governos federal e municipal, além de aprofundar a discussão sobre mecanismos de controle da sociedade civil. A mesa será composta pelos pesquisadores da DAPP Wagner Oliveira e Andressa Falconiery; pelo diretor-executivo da OKBR, Ariel Kogan; pelo presidente do Tribunal de Contas do Município do Rio de Janeiro, Thiers Montebello; e pelo coordenador-geral de Governo Aberto e Transparência do Ministério da Transparência, Fiscalização e Controladoria-Geral da União, Marcelo Vidal.

Destaques do levantamento

Ao todo, foram analisadas 18 dimensões relacionadas a temas como gastos públicos, meio ambiente, legislação, criminalidade e educação para a elaboração do ODI Rio. No balanço geral, a cidade alcançou um resultado positivo, com pontuação de 80% (a cidade de São Paulo teve pontuação de 75% no índice lançado no final de abril). Apesar desse resultado, a pontuação geral do Rio indica que há muito espaço para aprimoramentos. Cinco dimensões atingiram a pontuação individual de 100%: isso quer dizer que apenas 27% dos bancos de dados para a cidade do Rio de Janeiro foram considerados plenamente abertos). São eles: Resultados Eleitorais, Mapas da Cidade, Limites Administrativos, Estatísticas Criminais e Escolas Públicas. Dois problemas são particularmente críticos quando observados nas dimensões, justamente por serem aspectos fundamentais da transparência: a inexistência da informação e a restrição do acesso a ela. Esses itens devem ser considerados prioritários em uma estratégia de aprimoramento da situação dos dados abertos municipais. No caso do Rio de Janeiro, a incompletude do dataset aparece seis vezes – isso mostra que não existe disponibilização de determinadas informações consideradas essenciais sobre os seguintes temas: Localizações, Concentração de Poluentes, Previsão do Tempo, Qualidade da água, Transporte Público e Registro de Empresas. Já a questão da restrição do acesso aparece apenas uma vez, na dimensão de Registro de Empresas. Outro destaque é a dimensão Propriedade de Terra – também considerada crítica – tendo em vista que não existem dados disponíveis para a realização da avaliação conforme o ODI. Dentre as 18 dimensões do índice, duas não apresentaram gargalos, seja em relação à usabilidade, seja em relação ao seu processo de divulgação: Mapas da Cidade e Estatísticas Criminais. Esses são exemplos de boas práticas que podem ser replicadas para as demais dimensões. O relatório mostrou que, apesar de a cidade do Rio de Janeiro ter informações requisitadas pela metodologia da Open Knowledge, os dados geralmente estão espalhados, são difíceis de achar e apresentam muitos problemas de usabilidade. A pesquisa pode indicar um caminho para que aconteça a padronização de disponibilidade dos dados existentes, facilitando a criação de novas formas de torná-los cada vez mais acessíveis aos cidadãos. Informações sobre o evento Data: 04/05, quinta-feira Horário: 12h às 14h Local: Sede FGV – Auditório Engenheiro M. F. Thompson Motta (12º andar), Praia de Botafogo 190 Programa: Palestra | 12h – 13h Rodada de perguntas | 13h – 13h30 Encerramento | 13h30 – 14h Inscrições: http://www.fgv.br/eventos Flattr this!

Open Knowledge Brasil e DAPP lançam Índice de Dados Abertos para o Rio de Janeiro

Elza Maria Albuquerque - May 4, 2017 in Dados Abertos, Destaque, índice de dados abertos para cidades, Open Data Index

Arte: Divulgação OKBR e DAPP.

Nesta quinta-feira (4/05), às 12h, a Open Knowledge Brasil (OKBR) e a Diretoria de Análise de Políticas Públicas (FGV/DAPP) lançam a edição carioca do Índice de Dados Abertos para Cidades (Open Data Index for Cities, em inglês) durante o painel “Lançamento do Open Data Index Rio: Discutindo transparência na gestão pública”, na FGV. A pesquisa é uma ferramenta de avaliação e identificação de problemas nas cidades e também orienta a administração pública em relação ao aprimoramento de suas políticas de dados abertos. O objetivo do painel é debater o estado e a qualidade dos dados abertos nos governos federal e municipal, além de aprofundar a discussão sobre mecanismos de controle da sociedade civil. A mesa será composta pelos pesquisadores da DAPP Wagner Oliveira e Andressa Falconiery; pelo diretor-executivo da OKBR, Ariel Kogan; pelo presidente do Tribunal de Contas do Município do Rio de Janeiro, Thiers Montebello; e pelo coordenador-geral de Governo Aberto e Transparência do Ministério da Transparência, Fiscalização e Controladoria-Geral da União, Marcelo Vidal.

Destaques do levantamento

Ao todo, foram analisadas 18 dimensões relacionadas a temas como gastos públicos, meio ambiente, legislação, criminalidade e educação para a elaboração do ODI Rio. No balanço geral, a cidade alcançou um resultado positivo, com pontuação de 80% (a cidade de São Paulo teve pontuação de 75% no índice lançado no final de abril). Apesar desse resultado, a pontuação geral do Rio indica que há muito espaço para aprimoramentos. Cinco dimensões atingiram a pontuação individual de 100%: isso quer dizer que apenas 27% dos bancos de dados para a cidade do Rio de Janeiro foram considerados plenamente abertos). São eles: Resultados Eleitorais, Mapas da Cidade, Limites Administrativos, Estatísticas Criminais e Escolas Públicas. Dois problemas são particularmente críticos quando observados nas dimensões, justamente por serem aspectos fundamentais da transparência: a inexistência da informação e a restrição do acesso a ela. Esses itens devem ser considerados prioritários em uma estratégia de aprimoramento da situação dos dados abertos municipais. No caso do Rio de Janeiro, a incompletude do dataset aparece seis vezes – isso mostra que não existe disponibilização de determinadas informações consideradas essenciais sobre os seguintes temas: Localizações, Concentração de Poluentes, Previsão do Tempo, Qualidade da água, Transporte Público e Registro de Empresas. Já a questão da restrição do acesso aparece apenas uma vez, na dimensão de Registro de Empresas. Outro destaque é a dimensão Propriedade de Terra – também considerada crítica – tendo em vista que não existem dados disponíveis para a realização da avaliação conforme o ODI. Dentre as 18 dimensões do índice, duas não apresentaram gargalos, seja em relação à usabilidade, seja em relação ao seu processo de divulgação: Mapas da Cidade e Estatísticas Criminais. Esses são exemplos de boas práticas que podem ser replicadas para as demais dimensões. O relatório mostrou que, apesar de a cidade do Rio de Janeiro ter informações requisitadas pela metodologia da Open Knowledge, os dados geralmente estão espalhados, são difíceis de achar e apresentam muitos problemas de usabilidade. A pesquisa pode indicar um caminho para que aconteça a padronização de disponibilidade dos dados existentes, facilitando a criação de novas formas de torná-los cada vez mais acessíveis aos cidadãos. Informações sobre o evento Data: 04/05, quinta-feira Horário: 12h às 14h Local: Sede FGV – Auditório Engenheiro M. F. Thompson Motta (12º andar), Praia de Botafogo 190 Programa: Palestra | 12h – 13h Rodada de perguntas | 13h – 13h30 Encerramento | 13h30 – 14h Inscrições: http://www.fgv.br/eventos Flattr this!