You are browsing the archive for wikimedia.

How Wikimedia helped authors make over 3000 articles green open access via Dissemin

- October 26, 2017 in Open Access, Open Access Week, wikimedia

In light of this year’s Open Access week, Michele Marchetto of Wikimedia Italia shares the story of how they helped authors to make their open access articles more widely available. This post has been cross-posted from Wikimedia Italia. Wikipedia is probably the most effective initiative in the world to increase the readership of academic literature: for instance, wikipedia.org is a top 10 source of clicks for doi.org. Wikipedia contributors are among the biggest consumers of scientific publications in the world, because Wikipedia articles are not allowed to be primary sources: the five pillars allow anyone to edit but require copyleft and a neutral point of view based on reliable sources. Readers are advised to trust what they read only insofar it’s confirmed by provided sources. So, does free culture need all sources to be accessible, affordable and freely licensed?

Open access

Scholarly sources, while generally high quality, are problematic for Wikipedia users in that they are often paywalled and ask for hefty payments from readers. Open access wants research output to be accessible online without restrictions, ideally under a free license, given it’s produced by authors, reviewers and editors “for free” (as part of their duties). This includes papers published in journals and conference proceedings, but also book chapters, books, experiment data. A cost-effective open science infrastructure is possible but requires political will and proprietary private platforms grow to fill unmet needs, but authors can make their works green open access autonomously and for free, thanks to open archives and publisher or employer policies. The problem is, how much effort does it take? We tried to find out.

The easy way out

In the past year we saw many developments in the open access landscape. On the reading side, DOAI and then oaDOI plus Unpaywall have made it possible to access some 40 % of the literature in just one click, collecting data from thousands of sources which were formerly rather hard to use. It was also proven that cancelling subscriptions produces little pain. On the authoring side, the SSRN fiasco paved the way to various thematic open archives and general-purpose repositories like Zenodo (offered by OpenAIRE and CERN), that make sure that an open access platform is available for all authors in the world, whatever their outputs. Publishers begin to understand the importance of metadata, although much work needs to be done, and the Open Access button staff helps connect with authors. Finally, the web platform Dissemin put ORCID and all the above initiatives together to identify 36 million works which could benefit from green open access. Authors can deposit them from Dissemin to an open archive in a couple clicks, without to need to enter metadata manually. With the possibility of a “legal Sci-Hub” within our reach, what does it take to get the authors to help?

Frontpage of the Dissem.in platform

Wikimedia Italia takes initiative

Wikimedia projects contributor Federico Leva, frustrated at the number of pay-walled articles linked from the Italian and English Wikipedia, decided to contact their authors directly. Using the available data, almost half a million depositable articles by a million authors were found. An email was sent to each of them where possible: the message thanked them for contributing sources to Wikipedia, presented them with the dilemma of a simple volunteer editor who wants to link an open access copy for all Wikipedia users to see, and asked to check the publication on Dissemin to read more about its legal status and to deposit it. The response has been overwhelmingly positive: over 15 % of the recipients clicked the links to find out more, thousands wrote encouraging replies, over 3000 papers were deposited via Dissemin in two months. Wikimedia Italia, active since 2008 in open access, covered the costs (few hundreds euro on phplist.com) and provided its OTRS instance to handle replies. With AISA’s counsel, hundreds of support requests have been handled (mostly about the usual pains of green OA, such as locating an appropriate manuscript).

Tell me a story

Our reasoning has been driven by examples such as the story of Jack Andraka, which showed how open access can change the world. Jack, as high school student, proposed a cheap method for an early diagnose of pancreatic cancer. Jack’s research, like every invention, is based on previous scientific results. Jack was not affiliated to any research entity and was not able to access paywalled research, but he was able to consult the extensive body of open access research provided by NIH’s PubMed Central, which is often in the public domain or under a free Creative Commons license. Jack’s story was a potent message in mass media on how open access can save lives.

Some reactions and what we learnt

The authors’ responses taught us what makes a difference:
  • make deposit easy and authors will love open archives;
  • focus on their own work and its readership;
  • show the concrete difference they can make, rather than talk abstractly about open access;
  • lead by example: list other colleagues who archived papers from the same journal;
  • some will adopt a free Creative Commons license to facilitate further reuse, if told about it.
More warmth came from Peter Suber’s supportJohn Dove’s proposal for OA journals to accelerate depositing of papers they reference and a lively discussion. Surprisingly many authors simply don’t know about green open access possibilities: they just need to hear about it in a way that rings true to their ears. If you work with a repository, an OA journal or other, you have a goldmine of authors to ask for deposits and stories relevant to them: why not start doing it systematically? If you are a researcher, you can just search your name on Dissemin and see what is left to make open access; when you are done, you can ask your colleagues to do the same. It’s simple and, as with Jack Andraka, you can really change the world around us.

How Wikimedia helped authors make over 3000 articles green open access via Dissemin

- October 26, 2017 in Open Access, Open Access Week, wikimedia

In light of this year’s Open Access week, Michele Marchetto of Wikimedia Italia shares the story of how they helped authors to make their open access articles more widely available. This post has been cross-posted from Wikimedia Italia. Wikipedia is probably the most effective initiative in the world to increase the readership of academic literature: for instance, wikipedia.org is a top 10 source of clicks for doi.org. Wikipedia contributors are among the biggest consumers of scientific publications in the world, because Wikipedia articles are not allowed to be primary sources: the five pillars allow anyone to edit but require copyleft and a neutral point of view based on reliable sources. Readers are advised to trust what they read only insofar it’s confirmed by provided sources. So, does free culture need all sources to be accessible, affordable and freely licensed?

Open access

Scholarly sources, while generally high quality, are problematic for Wikipedia users in that they are often paywalled and ask for hefty payments from readers. Open access wants research output to be accessible online without restrictions, ideally under a free license, given it’s produced by authors, reviewers and editors “for free” (as part of their duties). This includes papers published in journals and conference proceedings, but also book chapters, books, experiment data. A cost-effective open science infrastructure is possible but requires political will and proprietary private platforms grow to fill unmet needs, but authors can make their works green open access autonomously and for free, thanks to open archives and publisher or employer policies. The problem is, how much effort does it take? We tried to find out.

The easy way out

In the past year we saw many developments in the open access landscape. On the reading side, DOAI and then oaDOI plus Unpaywall have made it possible to access some 40 % of the literature in just one click, collecting data from thousands of sources which were formerly rather hard to use. It was also proven that cancelling subscriptions produces little pain. On the authoring side, the SSRN fiasco paved the way to various thematic open archives and general-purpose repositories like Zenodo (offered by OpenAIRE and CERN), that make sure that an open access platform is available for all authors in the world, whatever their outputs. Publishers begin to understand the importance of metadata, although much work needs to be done, and the Open Access button staff helps connect with authors. Finally, the web platform Dissemin put ORCID and all the above initiatives together to identify 36 million works which could benefit from green open access. Authors can deposit them from Dissemin to an open archive in a couple clicks, without to need to enter metadata manually. With the possibility of a “legal Sci-Hub” within our reach, what does it take to get the authors to help?

Frontpage of the Dissem.in platform

Wikimedia Italia takes initiative

Wikimedia projects contributor Federico Leva, frustrated at the number of pay-walled articles linked from the Italian and English Wikipedia, decided to contact their authors directly. Using the available data, almost half a million depositable articles by a million authors were found. An email was sent to each of them where possible: the message thanked them for contributing sources to Wikipedia, presented them with the dilemma of a simple volunteer editor who wants to link an open access copy for all Wikipedia users to see, and asked to check the publication on Dissemin to read more about its legal status and to deposit it. The response has been overwhelmingly positive: over 15 % of the recipients clicked the links to find out more, thousands wrote encouraging replies, over 3000 papers were deposited via Dissemin in two months. Wikimedia Italia, active since 2008 in open access, covered the costs (few hundreds euro on phplist.com) and provided its OTRS instance to handle replies. With AISA’s counsel, hundreds of support requests have been handled (mostly about the usual pains of green OA, such as locating an appropriate manuscript).

Tell me a story

Our reasoning has been driven by examples such as the story of Jack Andraka, which showed how open access can change the world. Jack, as high school student, proposed a cheap method for an early diagnose of pancreatic cancer. Jack’s research, like every invention, is based on previous scientific results. Jack was not affiliated to any research entity and was not able to access paywalled research, but he was able to consult the extensive body of open access research provided by NIH’s PubMed Central, which is often in the public domain or under a free Creative Commons license. Jack’s story was a potent message in mass media on how open access can save lives.

Some reactions and what we learnt

The authors’ responses taught us what makes a difference:
  • make deposit easy and authors will love open archives;
  • focus on their own work and its readership;
  • show the concrete difference they can make, rather than talk abstractly about open access;
  • lead by example: list other colleagues who archived papers from the same journal;
  • some will adopt a free Creative Commons license to facilitate further reuse, if told about it.
More warmth came from Peter Suber’s supportJohn Dove’s proposal for OA journals to accelerate depositing of papers they reference and a lively discussion. Surprisingly many authors simply don’t know about green open access possibilities: they just need to hear about it in a way that rings true to their ears. If you work with a repository, an OA journal or other, you have a goldmine of authors to ask for deposits and stories relevant to them: why not start doing it systematically? If you are a researcher, you can just search your name on Dissemin and see what is left to make open access; when you are done, you can ask your colleagues to do the same. It’s simple and, as with Jack Andraka, you can really change the world around us.

Kulttuurihakkerit avoimien arkistojen kimpussa – 20 uutta konseptia viikonlopun aikana

- May 11, 2017 in 2017, avoin glam, creative commons, Featured, gallen-kallela, Hack4FI, hack4fi 2017, hackathon, helsingin kaupunginmuseo, kulttuuri, mannerheim, Open GLAM, projects, vr, wikimedia, WIkipedia, yle

Kuva: Mika Honkanen Viime viikonloppuna kolmatta kertaa järjestetty Hack4FI – Hack your heritage -kulttuurihackathon onnistui jälleen yli odotusten. Ylen studiotalossa pidetyssä tapahtumassa kävi viikonlopun aikana noin 80 henkeä. Yli 50 kehittäjää (kulttuurihakkeria) – taiteilijaa, graafista suunnittelijaa, koodaria, muotoilijaa, käsikirjoittajaa ja humanistia Suomesta ja ulkomailta – loivat yhdessä lähes 20 uutta sovellusta, sovelluskonseptia, demoa, datavisualisointia ja verkkotyökalua. Yksi moniammatillisista tiimeistä esimerkiksi kehitti tekoälyyn perustuvan tavan muuntaa mustavalkoisia videoita ja kuvia värilliseksi. Useampi ryhmä tarttui Helsingin kaupunginmuseon haasteeseen kehittää virtuaalitodellisuuden hyödyntämiseen perustuvaa Aikakone-näyttelyä museon tiloissa. Moni innostui myös luomaan tapoja tuoda suomalaista kulttuuriperintöä Wikipediaan. “Ylelle oli suuri ilo antaa tilat ja teknologia Hack4FI-tapahtuman käyttöön. Oli hienoa nähdä, miten eri alojen osaajien yhteisellä innostuksella ja työllä saadaan muutamassa päivässä aikaiseksi jotain ihan uutta ja inspiroivaa. Toivon, että nyt kolmena vuonna peräkkäin järjestetty tapahtuma muodostuu kulttuurialan yhteiseksi perinteeksi ja saa jatkoa myös ensi vuonna”, Ylen arkistopäällikkö Katri Vänttinen toteaa. Pohjoismaiseen Hack your heritage -perheeseen kuuluva Hack4FI perustuu vapaasti käytettävissä olevien digitaalisten kulttuuriperintöaineistojen hyödyntämiselle uusien töiden luomiseksi. Materiaalina toimivat esimerkiksi valokuvat, vanhat kartat, maalaukset, äänimaisemat, sekä aineistoja kuvaavat metatiedot. Tänä vuonna suosituimmiksi nousivat Helsingin Kaupunginmuseon, Finnan, Helsingin kaupungin, Mannerheim-museon, Yle Arkiston ja Gallen-Kallela -museon aineistot. Aineistoja tarjoavista yhteistyökumppaneista vuoden museoksi valittu Helsingin kaupunginmuseo avasi hiljattain (HS 26.4.2017) peräti 45 000 korkearesoluutioista kuvaa vapaasti hyödynnettäväksi. Hienona ja ajankohtaisena avauksena aineisto oli hackathonissa erityisen suosittu.

Muutamia esimerkkejä viikonlopun aikana tehdyistä töistä:

The HoboTram täydentää kävijäkokemusta Helsingin kaupunginmuseossa keinotodellisuuden (VR) keinoin. Käyttäjä voi aikamatkustaa raitiovaunulla, nähdä historiallisia maisemia ja kuulla tunnetun laitapuolen kulkijan J.K. Harjun tarinoita ja mietteitä. The HoboTram kruunattiin hackathonissa yleisön suosikiksi. Image and video colorization with AIkeinoälyn avulla tehdään mustavalkokuvista ja -videoista värillisiä. Kuvat ja videot saavat uutta elämää kun ne väritetään! Mannerheim-museon kuvista tehtiin hauska gif-animaatiotyökalu Mannerheim goes GIF. Toisessa työssä (GMxAG)  leikiteltiin Mannerheimin ja Akseli Gallen-Kallelan välisellä ystävyydellä. Tuloksena luotiin Gallen-Kallelan tyylille ominainen kuvafiltteri, joka yhdistettynä Mannerheimin kuviin synnytti Gallen-Kallela-henkistä Mannerheim-taidetta. AR Wiki statues -tiimi kehitti lisätyn todellisuuden sovelluksen, jossa katsomalla kaupungin eri patsaita älypuhelimen kameran kautta saa patsaista lisätietoa. Toinen Wikimedia-aiheinen projekti Wikidocumentaries hahmotteli yhdessä Finnan kanssa eri tapoja, joilla Finnan valtavan kulttuuriaineistotietokannan tietoa ja kuvia voidaan kätevästi hakea ja yhdistää muuhun avoimeen aineistoon ja viedä Wikimedian projekteihin, kuten Wikipediaan. Muutama hackathonin aikana ideoitu työ jatkaa myös Ylen Beta Challenge -kilpailussa. Yle Beta Challenge on Ylen ideahautomon haastekilpailu, jossa etsitään tulevaisuuden mediakokemuksia ja tekijöitä. Hack4FI-hackathonin projektien esittelyt löytyvät verkosta osoitteesta https://hackdash.org/dashboards/hack4fi17. Videotaltioinnit projektien loppuesityksistä julkaistaan myöhemmin. Lähes kaikki tuotokset on julkaistu Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 -lisenssillä, mikä tarkoittaa että tuotokset ovat helposti kaikkien hyödynnettävissä. Useiden sovellusten (kuten keinoälyvärityksen) ns. lähdekoodi on kaikkien käytössä GitHubissa, eli sitä voivat muut esimerkiksi kehittää edelleen.

Mikä ihmeen hackathon?

Sanoista ”hack” ja ”marathon” muodostuva “hackathon” tarkoittaa intensiivistä, päivästä viikkoon kestävää työskentelyjaksoa, jonka aikana joukko ihmisiä kokoontuu yhteen suunnittelemaan ja toteuttamaan yhteisvoimin erilaisia ohjelmistoja tai sovelluksia. Hackathoneista on tullut erittäin suosittu avoimen innovaation keino, myös kaupallisten ideoiden kilpailuttamiseen ja kiihdyttämiseen. Perinteisesti hackathonit ovat ennen kaikkea yhteisöä vahvistava ja yhteistyöhön kannustava toimintamuoto. Avoimen datan ja tietovarantojen ympärille syntyvä uusi liiketoiminta on mainittu jopa hallitusohjelmassa. Open Knowledge Finland näkee avoimen datan hyödyntämisen merkitykselliseksi kuitenkin myös laajemmassa yhteiskunnallisessa kontekstissa ja aikamme suurten haasteiden ratkaisemisessa. Esimerkiksi perjantaina 5.5.2017 yhdistys toteutti Demokratiahackin yhdessä Sitran ja Tulevaisuuden valtiopäivät -tapahtuman kanssa. Tiedon jakamisen kautta “valta” hajaantuu useammalle, ja avoimuus edistää demokratiaa.

Kuvia:

Matalaresoluutioisia kuvia (Kuvaaja: Sini Peura) Hack4FI -tapahtumasta on saatavilla kansiosta: http://okf.fi/hack4fi-kuvat. Muita kuvia saatavilla pyynnöstä. Ks. myös aiempi tiedote (6.5.):

Lisätietoja:

Hack4FI – Hack Your Heritage: http://hack4.fi/ Sanna Marttila, projektipäällikkö, sanna.marttila@okf.fi, p. 040 144 2103. AvoinGLAM järjestää Hack4FI – Hack your heritage -hackathonin yhteistyössä Yleisradion kanssa. AvoinGLAM (Galleries, Libraries, Archives & Museums) on osa kansainvälistä OpenGLAM-verkostoa, joka koostuu avoimien sisältöjen ja tiedon kanssa työskentelevistä toimijoista. Verkosto tekee yhteistyötä GLAM-organisaatioiden kanssa, järjestää työpajoja ja seminaareja, sekä jakaa tietoa ja kokemuksia avoimesta kulttuurista ja kulttuuriaineistojen avaamisesta. Lisätietoja: avoinglam.fi. AvoinGLAM on osa Open Knowledge Finland ry:tä, vuonna 2012 perustettu yhteisölähtöinen voittoa tavoittelematon organisaatio, joka toimii osana kansainvälistä Open Knowledge -verkostoa. Yhdistys edistää tiedon avoimuutta, avoimen tiedon hyödyntämistä, sekä avoimen yhteiskunnan kehittymistä sen eri sektoreilla. Lisätietoja: http://www.okf.fi. Kuva: Sini Peura Kuva: Sini Peura The post Kulttuurihakkerit avoimien arkistojen kimpussa – 20 uutta konseptia viikonlopun aikana appeared first on Open Knowledge Finland.

Hack4Heritage – välkommen på workshop inför Hack4Heritage!

- September 8, 2016 in Flygvapenmuséet, GIS, hack4heritage, Hallwylska museet, K-Samsök, Kungliga Biblioteket, Livrustkammaren, Skoklosters Slott, Stockholm Stadsarkiv, Televerket, wikimedia, Workshop

Det kreativa evenemanget och hacket Hack4Heritage den 14-16 oktober 2016 närmar sig med stormsteg, och både deltagare och data och innehåll till hacket börjar droppa in ordentligt. Nu bjuder vi in både organisationer, som bidrar med data och innehåll, och hack-deltagare till varsin workshop inför eventet! Workshop för dig som bidrar med data Vi bjuder in alla organisationer som vill eller kommer att bidra med data till en workshop i Stockholm den 20 september kl. 13.30-16.00. Workshoppen handlar om hur vi kan engagera olika grupper i att kreativt använda era öppna kulturarvsdata och andra öppna kulturarvsresurser. Vi går också igenom praktikaliteterna och processen kring Hack4Heritage. Alla som deltar kommer att ha möjlighet att ställa frågor, och få vidare guiding vid behov. Workshoppen hålls på engelska. För att anmäla dig och/eller få mer information, kontakta moa.ranung@riksarkivet senast den 8 september. Workshop för dig som vill vara med och designa eventet Inför Hack4Heritage välkomnar vi dig, som deltagare under eventet, till en medskapande workshop i Stockholm den 21 september kl. 13.30-16.00 för att diskutera och aktivt delta i planeringen av Hack4Heritage. Vi vill veta mer om hur du skulle vilja att eventet formas, hur dagarna ska se ut och vad de ska innehålla, och höra mer om dina tankar kring de öppna data som kommer att finnas. Dina åsikter är viktiga för oss och Hack4Heritage! För att anmäla dig och/eller få mer information, kontakta moa.ranung@riksarkivet.se senast den 13 september. Anmäl dig till Hack4Heritage idag! Glöm inte heller att anmäla dig till själva eventet för att garantera dig själv en plats!
Televerket, Linjearbete, 1940-talet, Östersunds fotosamling

Linjearbete, 1940-talet (plats och personer okända) Televerket Östersunds fotosamling. PDM

Och data? Alla data och annat kulturarvsinnehåll publiceras löpande här. Tack till alla som har bidragit så här långt! Några spännande exempel på data och innehåll som redan har publicerats på sidan är:

Interview with Mattias Axell, Community Manager and Experience Designer at Open Knowledge Sweden

- February 14, 2016 in Dee Hock, design, design thinking, DIKW, Epistemology, FrågaStaten, Freedom of Information, Knowledge Hierarchy, Local group, Longlivetheux, Mattias Axell, myndigheter, Open Data, open-government, Public Bodies, PublicBodies.org, quantified, research, stockholm, VISA, wikimedia

We met with Mattias Axell at the Royal Library in Stockholm where we talked about ‘data’ and especially ‘Open Data’. He answers questions about the the meaning, usage and effect of data. ‘Why and how is data important for our future societies’ or, is it really important? Mattias answered and explored the questions below. Mattias Axell is Community Manager at Open Knowledge Sweden and he is also working with the project FrågaStaten. Who are you? My name is Mattias Axell. I am a Kaospilot and aspiring Experience Designer. I have mainly studied in English since early teenage years and studied social science in high school. As far as I can remember I have always been very curious about how society works and how it can improve. I see myself as kind of a societal hacker. I want to understand this constantly changing system but realise it is extremely complex. So I engage to de-construct functions and processes in society to re-construct them in more purposeful, generative and sustainable ways which I hope will make a dent in the life of people in societies.
What does data mean? One allegory that I have heard about data is that it is like a natural resource similar to oil. But I would argue that it in comparison to a fossile energy source it is a renewable resource that is infinite and everywhere in the world. It is something that we can harvest and use for endless purposes. Data and information is said to be the oil of the 21st century but I prefer to compare it to renewable energy. Why? Because as soon as quantity and matters or something change, its properties and thus data change too.
We are living in the information age and we as individuals receive so much impressions and input every day. There are so many different sources of matters and things that we can quantify and analyse, but for that we need to understand perception. The first time I got in touch with this, epistemology, the philosophy of knowledge and the “knowledge hierarchy” was through Dee Hock, the founder of VISA. He shared a definition of knowledge in his phenomenal book “The Chaordic Age” from 1999 (later re-released as “One from Many: VISA and the Rise of Chaordic Organization” in 2005). Noise is the first step in the knowledge hierarchy. Noise is infinite, everywhere and it is is going on around us all the time. We make sense of it as different categories of data, emotions and sensory inputs. In a similar way we as humans have different ways in our societies to make sense of it all. This is done through our perception and tools we created that organizes data. The image of the “DIKW-pyramid (Data-Information-Knowledge-Wisdom Pyramid)” excludes noise so I quote an excerpt from Dee Hock’s book which describes it quite well.
“Noise becomes data when it has a cognitive pattern.
Data becomes information when assembled into a coherent whole, which can be related to other information. Information becomes knowledge when integrated with other information in a form useful for making decisions and determining actions.
Knowledge becomes understanding when related to other knowledge in a manner useful in anticipating, judging and acting.
Understanding becomes wisdom when informed by purpose, ethics, principles, memory and projection.” – Dee Hock, Founder and former CEO of VISA. Source.
From Wikimedia Commons by Longlivetheux with license CC-BY-SA 4.0

The “DIKW Pyramid”. From Wikimedia Commons by Longlivetheux with license CC-BY-SA 4.0

What is data consisted of? Is it only consisted of numbers, graphics and diagrams? As mentioned I believe that all data comes from noise we receive through our senses. I do not think it has to be mathematical things but maths helps us make sense. Mathematics is a social technology that humans early on constructed to make sense of quantities and more complex matters. E.g. if we start counting the amount of different kind of objects around us, then of course I naturally have to work with basic mathematics. However data can also be something about our feelings, e.g. designers work with it when they quantify something qualitative such as an emotion, which in itself is very difficult. How can you transform and value a feeling and convert it to a quantity? If I would work with design and development of a product, then I would ask people how they feel about this look of the product. However I believe that qualitative research often can be more powerful than quantitative research. However the choice between qualitative and quantitative depends on purpose.
What is the difference between data and information? As with the quote above, we can call data as the second step and the next step is information. You can gather and cross combine data with different kinds of data to get different information. In order to make sense of all the information it becomes knowledge when you have a fuller picture. That knowledge then leads you to understanding. You can then turn onto the ultimate step which is the wisdom when you have more philosophical values incorporated.
Can everyone understand the data easily? Everyone can work with data. But when you start getting into working with big amounts of data that can require a computer or other technological device – then a lot of people get excluded because the learning curve is too high. And then the process becomes more complex. In this sense not everybody can work with e.g. open data. That is why a lot of people today work on transforming data to the level of information. They transform it in a way that is easier for the recipient to make sense of. A sheet of “raw data” with lots of different data may not be so understandable in the beginning but when a person has made sense of it and, it could take a transformed and comprehensive shape in the form a blog, presentation or interview. How does the idea of open data come out? Today I think it comes out as very technically advanced – but it is not really. A lot of people involved are technical and communicate in a language that becomes filled with technical words. There are different aspects of it. Open Knowledge e.g. works with the aspect connected to the idea of transparency and open government and a more open democracy. Data is a very common resources in the public sector to create a foundation for the transparency into how society is doing and the situation of how public sectors are running. This also a way to create trust and citizen interaction where people can be creative, give feedback and scrutinize.
Why should open data exist as an idea and concept? Because in today’s very data-based society it is a kind of raw resource. E.g. if I need food, I need to have earth that I nourish to create conditions which are supports life and nutritious a harvest. I think the open data is an element in society that gives life to whatever I plant. So if I have an idea, I can use open data as facts to inspire and kind of nourishment to my idea, to make something more with it. It is also a source for creativity, so from open data I can actually get inspired, learn and harvest ideas. In that sense, open data also offers a space and playground for creativity which is why we today see a lot of so-called hackathons.
How does the system of open data work? This depends on how we define the “system” because there is so many systems and processes involved in it. Technically you must have a system, digital or analogue, that helps you collect data and one to help you harvest and organise the data. This can sometimes be called like washing the data, such as when you rinse vegetables to clean it from dirt and pesticides. Basically washing out the stuff that is not useful, or not in your interest at the moment. Then you can have a the system to manage the different data sets from where you can connect to other systems where you make the data available and open. Can you talk about your projects at Open Knowledge Sweden? My projects are mainly connected to the current 250th anniversary of Freedom of Press and Freedom of Information (or the Principle of Public Access as it also is called) in Sweden. The main one is called “Fråga Staten” which aims to create a proof of concept of how the Principle of Public Access can be more generative in the digital society. By creating a new user experience for people to exercise their right and freedom to request public documents in Sweden we hope to show why Sweden should strengthen and adapt Freedom of Information to our digital society. Along with researchers and entrepreneurs in the field I believe it creates a lot of value economically, socially and ecologically. The project as a concept is a digital platform which makes it easier for citizens to request public documents and data – and get answers from the public sector. I have been learning how to work with the raw data regarding the contact details of public bodies in Sweden. I found through an unsatisfactory experience that there are two different sources of contact data to all state agencies, regions and municipality. It was presented in quite an informative way, but in Sweden there is no single official source in the public sector that has all the raw data about these contact details. So I made a hack myself to create that. I collected all this information and with the help of the Open Knowledge network we combined it to a single spreadsheet of data. It will be available at PublicBodies.org and I hope that it is only a temporary solution until authorities start collaborate to make it open data themselves!
Along with this project I am also helping out a little bit in our Local Open Data Index project run by Asmen Gül which he will tell you more about if you get in touch with him.
Mattias Axell, source: Kaospilot

Mattias Axell, source: Kaospilot.dk

Wiki Loves Monuments: inscrições até o dia 30 de setembro

- September 15, 2015 in brasil, concurso, creative commons, Eventos, wiki, wikimedia, WIkipedia

O Wiki Loves Monuments (WLM) é um concurso internacional de fotografia que tem por objetivo reunir imagens de qualidade que retrate monumentos de relevância histórica para os países associados à disputa. Qualquer um pode participar! Basta fotografar um dos patrimônios tombados listados no concurso e criar uma conta no Wikimedia Commons, caso não tenha uma. O prazo de envio de fotos inicia no dia 10 de setembro e vai até 30 do mesmo mês. O WLM é dividido em duas etapas: nacional e internacional, respectivamente. Na primeira etapa, serão selecionadas as 10 melhores fotografias tiradas em território brasileiro dentre todas as imagens submetidas ao concurso, que posteriormente serão encaminhadas para a etapa internacional, que será iniciada em novembro. Na lista de monumentos, encontram-se sítios arqueológicos, edificações e demais patrimônios históricos recomendados. As imagens serão julgadas por fotógrafos profissionais e serão realizadas avaliações técnicas e artísticas. O primeiro colocado brasileiro receberá como prêmio R$3.000,00 (três mil reais), o segundo R$2.000,00 (dois mil reais) e o terceiro colocado R$1.000,00 (mil reais). A organização do concurso está em fase de negociação com alguns centros culturais brasileiros das principais capitais nacionais a fim de realizar exposição fotográfica com as fotos vencedoras e principais destaques do concurso. O coordenador de projetos do Grupo Wikimedia Brasileiro de Educação e Pesquisa, Rodrigo Padula, explica: “Os concursos fotográficos promovidos pelo movimento Wikimedia têm contribuído significativamente para a melhoria do acervo de imagens Wikimedia Commons e, consequentemente, a qualidade visual dos artigos da Wikipedia e de demais projetos mantidos pela Wikimedia Foundation. Todas as fotos submetidas durante estes concursos são publicadas em licenças Creative Commons, que permitem sua utilização em materiais diversos (incluindo material comercial) e em conteúdos educacionais. Além disso, reforça em seus participantes e colaboradores a importância do registro e conservação do patrimônio histórico mundial”. Prazo de envio das fotos: de 1 a 30 de setembro de 2015 Anúncio dos vencedores: de 20 a 31 de outubro de 2015 Início da etapa internacional: 1 de novembro de 2015 Flattr this!

Além da enciclopédia, Wikimedia também tem uma biblioteca

- October 6, 2014 in acervos, arquivos, biblioteca, Conhecimento Livre, digitalização, domínio público, GLAM, wikimedia, Wikimedia Foundation, WIkipedia, wikisource

* Por Luiz Augusto Pereira Fernandes Algo que muitas pessoas desconhecem ou pouco dão atenção é que a Wikimedia, apesar de comumente associada a seu mais popular projeto (Wikipédia), mantém uma dúzia de iniciativas. Todas elas promovem, dentro de várias especificidades, meios de “cada ser humano compartilhar livremente a soma de todo o conhecimento“. Falarei a seguir um pouco do Wikisource mas, antes, gostaria de retomar um pouco dos anos iniciais da Wikipédia, para em seguida apresentar uma das formas de trabalho atual dentro dos Wikisources com possibilidade de cooperação entre bibliotecas e editores dos projetos Wikimedia.
[[Autor:Alexandre_de_Gusmão]], contendo breves informações biográficas e links para  algumas das obras já disponibilizadas parcialmente pelo Wikisource. O box controle de  autoridade permite o acesso aos principais websites com informações complementares sobre o autor e suas obras, sendo alguns deles gerados a partir de catálogos de bibliotecas.

[[Autor:Alexandre_de_Gusmão]], contendo breves informações biográficas e links para algumas das obras já disponibilizadas parcialmente pelo Wikisource. O box controle de autoridade permite o acesso aos principais websites com informações complementares sobre o autor e suas obras, sendo alguns deles gerados a partir de catálogos de bibliotecas.

Histórico Ainda hoje encontramos alguns termos nas Wikipédias cujos links são vermelhos. É a forma como o software MediaWiki encontra para chamar a atenção de que esse termo ainda não possui uma página própria e que eventual clique resultará num formulário de edição convidando o internauta a escrever sobre ele. No começo da Wikipédia era extremamente comum se deparar com dezenas desses links a cada página. As pessoas os seguiam e tinham as mais diversas reações. Caracteres aleatórios (para ver se era isso mesmo que entenderam, uma enciclopédia lhes chamando para iniciar uma definição), mensagens de desapontamento, infração de direitos autorais ao copiar texto de outro website e, ocasionalmente, linhas iniciais de um futuro verbete promissor eram algumas das reações que as pessoas tinham ao deparar-se com tais links. Nos links para títulos de livros certas vezes acontecia ainda outra coisa: a pessoa sabia onde encontrava a íntegra daquela obra e, ao invés de escrever sobre ela, colava seu conteúdo no espaço de edição. Muitos eram os casos de obras disponíveis em meio digital mas com alguma restrição de direito autoral. Muitos outros eram os casos de obras em domínio público ou sob uma licença livre. Até 2003 todas essas páginas eram marcadas para eliminação ou recicladas em verbetes. Mas, os editores da Wikipédia em inglês tiveram a idéia de reunir o envio das íntegras desses textos em um espaço próprio. O nome inicial era simultaneamente um improviso e um trocadilho: Project Sourceberg. “Source” se referindo à natureza dos materiais enviados (textos-fonte para estudos futuros), “berg” em alusão ao Project Gutenberg, já existente, mas com procedimentos de disponibilização de materiais diferentes dos de se publicar em uma plataforma wiki. Desdobramentos diversos foram ocorrendo ao longo dos anos. De um wiki único a cerca de sessenta wikis divididos por idiomas mais um wiki geral de coordenação e para as línguas que ainda possuem pouco material disponível. Ou, se você preferir, uma rede de bibliotecas em meio wiki, especializadas por idiomas. Comum a essa rede de wiki-bibliotecas, pequenos fatos isolados e repetidos foram ocorrendo. Várias pessoas não conseguiam confiar em um ambiente plenamente editável para consultar uma obra já existente e “finalizada”. Outras, confundiam o Wikisource com a Wikipédia e começavam a tentar corrigir informações datadas ou superadas. Outras, ainda, tentavam alterar erros tipográficos e de pontuação, propositais ou acidentais, dos textos originais. Originais de obras digitalizadas e potencialidades Bibliotecas em diversos locais do mundo têm iniciado ou ampliado seus esforços de digitalização de materiais. Essas digitalizações normalmente são feitas em um esforço simultâneo de preservação das peças originais e de disseminação desses mesmos materiais. As peças mais vulneráveis a danos ou extravios são as obras raras. Existem critérios diversos para que um livro ou outro material possa ser considerado como raro. Mas, como um deles refere-se à antiguidade da obra, muitas vezes existirão livros que são raros e em domínio público por sua antiguidade. Geralmente são as digitalizações desse tipo específico de obras que as bibliotecas disponibilizam de forma irrestrita ao público, já que materiais mais recentes ainda estão sujeitos a direitos autorais. A partir dessa constatação que programadores voluntários desenvolveram uma extensão ao MediaWiki que permite trabalhar com essas digitalizações a partir do Wikisource. É importante notar que, com isso, surgiram oportunidades diversas a três públicos diferentes (editores do Wikisource, bibliotecas e outras instituições que assumem para si a missão de colecionar e preservar materiais e, ainda, editores da Wikipédia). Os três têm a mesma finalidade – a disseminação do conhecimento – e poderão se unir em torno de uma mesma digitalização para atingir esse objetivo.
Tela de edição de uma página específica do livro. À direita, imagem digitalizada da página. À esquerda, box de edição do texto correspondente à página. O link instrumentos de  revisão incluem recursos para aumento ou redução de zoom da imagem exibida, bem  como alternância entre a tela atual de edição ou com a digitalização sendo exibida acima  e a caixa de edição exibida abaixo. Esta tela em específico contém o texto de OCR bruto,  gerado de forma automática ao se seguir um dos links vermelhos ilustrados da tela anterior.

Tela de edição de uma página específica do livro. À direita, imagem digitalizada da página. À esquerda, box de edição do texto correspondente à página. O link instrumentos de revisão incluem recursos para aumento ou redução de zoom da imagem exibida, bem como alternância entre a tela atual de edição ou com a digitalização sendo exibida acima e a caixa de edição exibida abaixo. Esta tela em específico contém o texto de OCR bruto, gerado de forma automática ao se seguir um dos links vermelhos ilustrados da tela anterior.

Há casos bem sucedidos dessa união de interesses e recursos, mas se debruçar neles infelizmente causaria a perda de foco deste texto. Esquematizando brevemente:
  • A biblioteca (ou instituição congênere) preserva o item em seu meio impresso e o digitaliza, com recursos próprios ou através de parcerias que possam ser viabilizadas inclusive com os colaboradores de projetos Wikimedia;
  • Os editores do Wikisource e/ou da Wikipédia poderão ajudar a instituição a definir os direitos autorais de cada um dos itens;
  • Os itens em domínio público poderão ter suas digitalizações hospedadas tanto em servidores da própria instituição, quanto diretamente nos servidores da Wikimedia Foundation. A segunda opção, aliás, poderia significar inclusive considerável redução de custos para programas de digitalização de materiais. Hospedar as digitalizações de forma simultânea em ambos os ambientes seria igualmente possível e viável;
  • A partir da extensão ao MediaWiki, editores do Wikisource são capazes de fazer a conversão das digitalizações e respectivos textos reconhecidos por OCR para hipertexto. A partir do hipertexto, por sua vez, uma outra ferramenta é capaz de transformar esses conteúdos em ePub, que fornecerá uma experiência de leitura em meio digital muito mais adequada do que se fosse pela digitalização bruta em si;
  • Se nós estivermos nos referindo a uma obra que contenha ilustrações, tais como dicionários ou enciclopédias, essas ilustrações poderão ser aproveitadas em diversos verbetes da Wikipédia. O texto de obras de referência, aliás, poderá ser utilizado como base a novos verbetes, cabendo aos editores da Wikipédia realizarem as devidas atualizações de seus dados.
Claro que será possível que editores interessados pelo Wikisource e/ou pela Wikipédia explorem essas potencialidades de forma individual, sem contar com nenhuma espécie de apoio das instituições guardiãs dos livros originais (por, dentre outros fatores, digitalizações brutas de materiais em domínio público serem igualmente de domínio público) mas, todos sairiam ganhando se esses esforços se dessem de forma conjunta. As próprias bibliotecas poderiam, dentre outras coisas, economizar recursos ao digitalizarem apenas itens ainda não disponibilizados por outras instituições, utilizando o Wikisource tanto para controle do que já está em meio digital (inclusive verificando sua qualidade de digitalização, que incluiria a apuração se eventuais lacunas de páginas se devem por falhas já no exemplar impresso ou por erro operacional ao digitalizar). Existirão casos em que uma re-digitalização se justifique por motivos além dos de qualidade (presença de autógrafos ou anotações no exemplar específico), mas a atual duplicação descontrolada de digitalizações não parece ter tais características. Instituições cristalizadas há décadas ou séculos poderão possuir ressalvas em confiar à Wikimedia Foundation, existente há cerca de onze anos, a tutela de seus objetos digitais. Mas, além de onze anos para instituições baseadas em internet ser um tempo considerável, todos os conteúdos de todos os projetos Wikimedia são disponibilizados ao público em conjuntos e formatos voltados especificamente ao espelhamento. Ou seja, mesmo com alguma fatalidade ocorrendo, as perdas poderão ser consideravelmente minimizadas. (*) Luiz Augusto Pereira Fernandes é voluntário nos projetos da Wikimedia Foundation desde 2004 e formando em Biblioteconomia e Ciência da Informação pela Fundação Escola de Sociologia e Política de São Paulo (FESPSP). flattr this!

Jetzt anmelden: Konferenz zu offenen Bildungsmaterialien im September 2014 in Berlin (#OER14de)

- August 24, 2014 in Deutschland, Featured, oer, OER14de, offenes Wissen, Termine, wikimedia

OERde14_grau_breitObwohl im Koalitionsvertrag erwähnt, wurde das Thema offene und freie Bildungsmaterialien (OER) leider (wie vieles andere im Bereich Bildung und Wissenschaft) im Rahmen der kürzlich veröffentlichten Digitalen Agenda von der Politik komplett ignoriert. Um das zu ändern und die Wirklichkeit der offenen und freien Bildungsmaterialien in Deutschland zu diskutieren, veranstaltet Wikimedia Deutschland mit der “#OERde14 – Die Zukunft Freier Bildungsmaterialien” am 12. und 13. September 2014 bereits das zweite Mal die größte Konferenz zu freien Bildungsmaterialien im deutschsprachigen Raum. Förderin der Konferenz ist die Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung. Schirmherrin ist die Deutsche UNESCO Kommission. Die Open Konwledge Foundation Deutschland e.V. unterstützt die Konferenz. Die #OERde14 ist eine Kombination aus Fachkonferenz und Barcamp und bietet den Teilnehmenden damit viel Raum für Vernetzung und Austausch. Inhaltlich geht es einerseits um die konkrete Erstellung von Bildungsmaterialien und andererseits um die Implementierung von OER in das deutsche Bildungssystem. Dabei sollen auch Erfahrungen aus anderen Ländern einfließen: Was funktioniert anderswo, was funktioniert nicht und was ließe sich davon auf Deutschland übertragen? Welche Voraussetzunggen muss die Politik schaffen? Und allem voran natürlich die Frage: Welche Implikationen hat OER auf die Bildung? Die wichtigesten Informationen zu Konferenz im Überblick:
Titel: OERde14 – Die Zukunft Freier Bildungsmaterialien
Zeit: Freitag, 12. September und Samstag, 13. September 2014
Ort: Urania, An der Urania 17, 10787 Berlin
Programm: http://www.wikimedia.de/wiki/OERde14
Anmeldung: http://wmde.org/OERde14-Anmeldung
Teilnahmegebühr: 50,- €, ermäßigt 30,- €
Twitter: #OERde14
Kontakt: oer@wikimedia.de
Presseakkreditierung: www.wikimedia.de/OERde14
Alle in OER involvierte Gruppen werden zusammenkommen und diskutieren: Akteure aus Schule, Hochschule und Bildungsarbeit, Entscheidungstragende aus Politik, Wirtschaft und Zivilgesellschaft, Medien und Verlage sowie alle weiteren an OER Interessierten. Darunter: Dirk van Damme (Leiter des CERI  – Centre for Educational Research and Innovation – der OECD), der sich damit beschäftigt, wie Bildung in der Zukunft funktioniert. Führende OER­Aktivisten aus den USA (Nicole Allen, SPARC), Polen (Dr. Alek Tarkowsk, Centrum Cyfrowe Projekt:Polska) und Großbritannien (Lorna M Campbell, Centre for Education Technology, Interoperability and Standards) srpechen auf der Konferenz. Der Berliner Staatssekretär Mark Rackles diskutiert darüber, dass Berlin als erstes Bundesland OER zum Teil des Schulunterrichts machen wird. Aber auch einer der bekanntesten OER­Kritiker Deutschlands nimmt an der Konferenz teil: Dr. David Klett (Klett­Verlag). Weitere Informationen zur diesjährigen Konferenz finden Sie unter www.wikimedia.de/OERde14.

Wikimedia en Guarani

- May 16, 2014 in guarani, knowlenge, langues, wikimedia

wikimedia

En ele año 2012 Wikipedia en español llegó a un millón de artículos y lanzó una guía básica en idioma guaraní. La idea es reactivar la comunidad guaraní hablante en esta gran plataforma. Hasta el momento son solo 20 artículos en este idioma.

El proyecto Wikimedia desembarcará próximamente en Paraguay de la mano de TEDIC(organización que ama la cultura libre y  es representante de Creative Commons Paraguay licencia que utiliza wikimedia) con el desafío de reactivar la comunidad guaraní hablante, articular actividades y proyectos locales para la difusión del contenido libre y cultura wiki en este idioma.

¿Que es Wikipedia? Es un proyecto de la Fundación Wikimedia (Wikimedia Foundation, Inc), organización sin fines de lucro instituida bajo las leyes de Florida (Estados Unidos), cuyo objetivo es crear y distribuir una enciclopedia libre, de excepcional calidad, a cada persona del planeta, en su idioma.

Sus artículos son redactados por voluntarios de todo el mundo, y pueden ser editados por cualquier persona en el sitio web www.wikipedia.org haciendo uso de un software denominado  “wiki”. La organización fue fundada en enero de 2001 por Jimmy Wales y Larry Sanger y es actualmente la mayor y más popular obra de consulta en Internet.  Se convirtió en uno de los cinco sitios mas visitados de la red, y el de consulta más concurrido de todos. Contiene actualmente 16.000.000 millones de artículos de distintos idiomas, incluyendo mas de tres millones en inglés, mas de un millón en alemán y más de un millón en castellano.

Si estás interesado en colaborar con este proyecto, descargá la guía de wikipedia en guaraní y unite a la comunidad Vikipetã !

A OSMit 2013 smart communities protagoniste!

- October 3, 2013 in communities, Events, Incontri, openknowledge, openstreetmap, openstreetmapitalia, osm, osmit, osmit2013, smartcommunities, wikimedia, WIkipedia

Da domani fino a domenica 6 ottobre l’Urban Center di Rovereto (TN) ospiterà OSMit 2013, la quinta edizione della conferenza nazionale di OpenStreetMapItalia, un evento che rientra nelle attività del progetto T2DataExchange: progetto di ricerca finanziato dallaProvincia Autonoma di Trento sulla valorizzazione del patrimonio informativo territoriale e realizzato dalla Fondazione Bruno Kessler, SpazioDati srl e dall’editore […]